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Interspecific and Spatial Comparisons of Perfluorinated Compounds in Bighead and Silver Carp in the Illinois River, Illinois, USA.
Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2015 Nov; 95(5):561-6.BE

Abstract

We examined perfluoroalkyl compounds (PFC) in bighead (BHCP; Hypophthalmichthys nobilis) and silver (SVCP; H. molitrix) carp from the Illinois River, Illinois, USA. Summed PFC concentrations in whole fish did not differ by species or river reach. Perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS) concentrations were much greater in whole fish (16.4 ng/g) than in fillets (3.4 ng/g). PFOS concentrations represented 35%-51% of total measured PFC concentrations in whole fish, and in fillets were weakly associated with carcass mass (R2=0.17, p=0.01) and % carcass lipid (R2=0.16, p=0.01). No such relationship was observed in whole fish. The relationship between concentrations of individual PFC congeners in whole fish and carcass mass or % lipid content varied by species. Our study demonstrated that filter-feeders such as BHCP and SVCP can accumulate measureable concentrations of PFC and these results are important for understanding the fate of these compounds in large river systems.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Illinois Natural History Survey, Prairie Research Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1816 S. Oak St., Champaign, IL, 61820, USA. levengoo@illinois.edu.Illinois Natural History Survey, Prairie Research Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1816 S. Oak St., Champaign, IL, 61820, USA.Illinois Natural History Survey, Prairie Research Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1816 S. Oak St., Champaign, IL, 61820, USA. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, 10810 County Hwy, N, Boulder Junction, WI, 54512, USA.Illinois Natural History Survey, Prairie Research Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1816 S. Oak St., Champaign, IL, 61820, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26358646

Citation

Levengood, J M., et al. "Interspecific and Spatial Comparisons of Perfluorinated Compounds in Bighead and Silver Carp in the Illinois River, Illinois, USA." Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, vol. 95, no. 5, 2015, pp. 561-6.
Levengood JM, Soucek DJ, Sass GG, et al. Interspecific and Spatial Comparisons of Perfluorinated Compounds in Bighead and Silver Carp in the Illinois River, Illinois, USA. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2015;95(5):561-6.
Levengood, J. M., Soucek, D. J., Sass, G. G., & Epifanio, J. M. (2015). Interspecific and Spatial Comparisons of Perfluorinated Compounds in Bighead and Silver Carp in the Illinois River, Illinois, USA. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 95(5), 561-6. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-015-1646-x
Levengood JM, et al. Interspecific and Spatial Comparisons of Perfluorinated Compounds in Bighead and Silver Carp in the Illinois River, Illinois, USA. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2015;95(5):561-6. PubMed PMID: 26358646.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Interspecific and Spatial Comparisons of Perfluorinated Compounds in Bighead and Silver Carp in the Illinois River, Illinois, USA. AU - Levengood,J M, AU - Soucek,D J, AU - Sass,G G, AU - Epifanio,J M, Y1 - 2015/09/10/ PY - 2015/02/05/received PY - 2015/09/02/accepted PY - 2015/9/12/entrez PY - 2015/9/12/pubmed PY - 2016/5/21/medline KW - Carp KW - Hypophthalmichthys KW - Illinois River KW - PFOS KW - Perfluorinated compounds SP - 561 EP - 6 JF - Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology JO - Bull Environ Contam Toxicol VL - 95 IS - 5 N2 - We examined perfluoroalkyl compounds (PFC) in bighead (BHCP; Hypophthalmichthys nobilis) and silver (SVCP; H. molitrix) carp from the Illinois River, Illinois, USA. Summed PFC concentrations in whole fish did not differ by species or river reach. Perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS) concentrations were much greater in whole fish (16.4 ng/g) than in fillets (3.4 ng/g). PFOS concentrations represented 35%-51% of total measured PFC concentrations in whole fish, and in fillets were weakly associated with carcass mass (R2=0.17, p=0.01) and % carcass lipid (R2=0.16, p=0.01). No such relationship was observed in whole fish. The relationship between concentrations of individual PFC congeners in whole fish and carcass mass or % lipid content varied by species. Our study demonstrated that filter-feeders such as BHCP and SVCP can accumulate measureable concentrations of PFC and these results are important for understanding the fate of these compounds in large river systems. SN - 1432-0800 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26358646/Interspecific_and_Spatial_Comparisons_of_Perfluorinated_Compounds_in_Bighead_and_Silver_Carp_in_the_Illinois_River_Illinois_USA_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00128-015-1646-x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -