Women's Attitudes Toward Cervicovaginal Self-Sampling for High-Risk HPV Infection on the US-Mexico Border.J Low Genit Tract Dis. 2015 Oct; 19(4):323-8.JL
The purpose of this study was to assess the acceptability and intention to use cervicovaginal self-sampling for high-risk human papillomavirus infection after receiving an educational intervention among the predominantly Hispanic population residing along the US-Mexico border.
Women received an educational intervention about cervical cancer prevention through screening with conventional cytology and with self-sampling for high-risk human papillomavirus. After the educational intervention, women performed the self-sampling test. Women's attitudes toward the self-sampling test and cervical cytology were assessed and compared.
A total of 110 women aged 30 to 65 years completed the study. The mean (SD) age of the population was 48 (9.3) years. Most (87%) self-identified as being Hispanic and half were born in Mexico; 16% had not had cervical cytology done in 3 years. Self-sampling was more acceptable than cervical cytology; mean (SD) acceptability scores were 25.0 (2.9) and 22.7 (3.0), respectively, with the maximum possible score being 28 (p < .001). A large proportion (42.7%) of women preferred both tests equally. We found high intention to use and recommend self-sampling. Contrary to previous studies, there were no differences between cervical cytology and self-sampling regarding women's concerns about performing the test well and the accuracy of the test, which we attribute to the educational intervention.
The high acceptability of self-sampling after participants received education about the test and the reported intention to use it if made available add to the evidence on the feasibility of integrating self-testing within cervical cancer screening guidelines.