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Bezoar-induced small bowel obstruction: Clinical characteristics and diagnostic value of multi-slice spiral computed tomography.
World J Gastroenterol. 2015 Sep 07; 21(33):9774-84.WJ

Abstract

AIM

To determine the possible predisposing factors of bezoar-induced small bowel obstruction (BI-SBO) and to discuss the diagnostic value of multi-slice spiral computed tomography, particularly contrast-enhanced scanning, in this condition.

METHODS

A total of 35 BI-SBO cases treated at our hospital from January 2007 to December 2013 were retrospectively analysed. Complete clinical and computed tomography (CT) data of the patients were available and confirmed by surgery. SBO was clinically diagnosed on the basis of clinical manifestations. Of the 35 patients, 18 underwent abdominal and pelvic CT planar scanning with GE 64-slice spiral CT and 17 underwent abdominal and pelvic CT planar scanning with GE 64-slice spiral CT combined with contrast-enhanced examination. Original images were processed using a GE ADW4.3 workstation to obtain MPR, CPR, MIP and CTA images. The images of all patients were evaluated by two abdominal imaging experts. The main analytical contents of planar scanning included intestinal bezoar conditions, changes in the intestinal wall and changes in peri-intestinal conditions. Vascular hyperaemia and arterial blood supply conditions at a specific obstruction site and the distal end of the obstruction site were evaluated through contrast-enhanced examination.

RESULTS

The proportion of males to females among the 35 cases was 1:1.69 (13:22); median age was 63.3 years. The following cases were observed: 29 (82.8%) cases occurred in autumn and winter and showed a history of consuming high amounts of persimmon and hawthorn; 19 (54.3%) cases revealed a history of gastrointestinal surgery; 19 exhibited incomplete dentition, with missing partial or whole posterior teeth; 26 suffered from obstruction at the ileum. A total of 51 bezoars were found in these patients, of whom 16 (45.7%) had multiple bezoars. CT planar scanning of bezoars showed lumps with mottled gas inside the intestinal cavity. Furthermore, 9 cases of bezoars had envelopes and 11 cases were accompanied with thickening of the distal wall of the obstructed bowel. Scanning of 17 cases was enhanced; the results revealed that the mesenteric blood vessels at the obstruction site and the proximal site were dilated, and a total of 7 cases were accompanied with distal vascular dilation and intestinal wall thickening.

CONCLUSION

BI-SBO exhibits regional and seasonal characteristics. CT planar and contrast-enhanced scanning can be applied to diagnose and observe vascular conditions in obstructed zones.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Pei-Yuan Wang, Lin Zhang, Liang Chen, Xu Wang, Department of Radiology, Affiliated Hospital of Binzhou Medical University, Binzhou 256603, Shandong Province, China.Pei-Yuan Wang, Lin Zhang, Liang Chen, Xu Wang, Department of Radiology, Affiliated Hospital of Binzhou Medical University, Binzhou 256603, Shandong Province, China.Pei-Yuan Wang, Lin Zhang, Liang Chen, Xu Wang, Department of Radiology, Affiliated Hospital of Binzhou Medical University, Binzhou 256603, Shandong Province, China.Pei-Yuan Wang, Lin Zhang, Liang Chen, Xu Wang, Department of Radiology, Affiliated Hospital of Binzhou Medical University, Binzhou 256603, Shandong Province, China.Pei-Yuan Wang, Lin Zhang, Liang Chen, Xu Wang, Department of Radiology, Affiliated Hospital of Binzhou Medical University, Binzhou 256603, Shandong Province, China.Pei-Yuan Wang, Lin Zhang, Liang Chen, Xu Wang, Department of Radiology, Affiliated Hospital of Binzhou Medical University, Binzhou 256603, Shandong Province, China.Pei-Yuan Wang, Lin Zhang, Liang Chen, Xu Wang, Department of Radiology, Affiliated Hospital of Binzhou Medical University, Binzhou 256603, Shandong Province, China.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26361425

Citation

Wang, Pei-Yuan, et al. "Bezoar-induced Small Bowel Obstruction: Clinical Characteristics and Diagnostic Value of Multi-slice Spiral Computed Tomography." World Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 21, no. 33, 2015, pp. 9774-84.
Wang PY, Wang X, Zhang L, et al. Bezoar-induced small bowel obstruction: Clinical characteristics and diagnostic value of multi-slice spiral computed tomography. World J Gastroenterol. 2015;21(33):9774-84.
Wang, P. Y., Wang, X., Zhang, L., Li, H. F., Chen, L., Wang, X., & Wang, B. (2015). Bezoar-induced small bowel obstruction: Clinical characteristics and diagnostic value of multi-slice spiral computed tomography. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 21(33), 9774-84. https://doi.org/10.3748/wjg.v21.i33.9774
Wang PY, et al. Bezoar-induced Small Bowel Obstruction: Clinical Characteristics and Diagnostic Value of Multi-slice Spiral Computed Tomography. World J Gastroenterol. 2015 Sep 7;21(33):9774-84. PubMed PMID: 26361425.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Bezoar-induced small bowel obstruction: Clinical characteristics and diagnostic value of multi-slice spiral computed tomography. AU - Wang,Pei-Yuan, AU - Wang,Xia, AU - Zhang,Lin, AU - Li,Hai-Fei, AU - Chen,Liang, AU - Wang,Xu, AU - Wang,Bin, PY - 2015/01/10/received PY - 2015/04/25/revised PY - 2015/06/16/accepted PY - 2015/9/12/entrez PY - 2015/9/12/pubmed PY - 2016/10/7/medline KW - Bezoar KW - Multi-slice computed tomography KW - Small bowel obstruction SP - 9774 EP - 84 JF - World journal of gastroenterology JO - World J. Gastroenterol. VL - 21 IS - 33 N2 - AIM: To determine the possible predisposing factors of bezoar-induced small bowel obstruction (BI-SBO) and to discuss the diagnostic value of multi-slice spiral computed tomography, particularly contrast-enhanced scanning, in this condition. METHODS: A total of 35 BI-SBO cases treated at our hospital from January 2007 to December 2013 were retrospectively analysed. Complete clinical and computed tomography (CT) data of the patients were available and confirmed by surgery. SBO was clinically diagnosed on the basis of clinical manifestations. Of the 35 patients, 18 underwent abdominal and pelvic CT planar scanning with GE 64-slice spiral CT and 17 underwent abdominal and pelvic CT planar scanning with GE 64-slice spiral CT combined with contrast-enhanced examination. Original images were processed using a GE ADW4.3 workstation to obtain MPR, CPR, MIP and CTA images. The images of all patients were evaluated by two abdominal imaging experts. The main analytical contents of planar scanning included intestinal bezoar conditions, changes in the intestinal wall and changes in peri-intestinal conditions. Vascular hyperaemia and arterial blood supply conditions at a specific obstruction site and the distal end of the obstruction site were evaluated through contrast-enhanced examination. RESULTS: The proportion of males to females among the 35 cases was 1:1.69 (13:22); median age was 63.3 years. The following cases were observed: 29 (82.8%) cases occurred in autumn and winter and showed a history of consuming high amounts of persimmon and hawthorn; 19 (54.3%) cases revealed a history of gastrointestinal surgery; 19 exhibited incomplete dentition, with missing partial or whole posterior teeth; 26 suffered from obstruction at the ileum. A total of 51 bezoars were found in these patients, of whom 16 (45.7%) had multiple bezoars. CT planar scanning of bezoars showed lumps with mottled gas inside the intestinal cavity. Furthermore, 9 cases of bezoars had envelopes and 11 cases were accompanied with thickening of the distal wall of the obstructed bowel. Scanning of 17 cases was enhanced; the results revealed that the mesenteric blood vessels at the obstruction site and the proximal site were dilated, and a total of 7 cases were accompanied with distal vascular dilation and intestinal wall thickening. CONCLUSION: BI-SBO exhibits regional and seasonal characteristics. CT planar and contrast-enhanced scanning can be applied to diagnose and observe vascular conditions in obstructed zones. SN - 2219-2840 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26361425/Bezoar_induced_small_bowel_obstruction:_Clinical_characteristics_and_diagnostic_value_of_multi_slice_spiral_computed_tomography_ L2 - http://www.wjgnet.com/1007-9327/full/v21/i33/9774.htm DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -