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Frontal plane kinematics of the hip during running: Are they related to hip anatomy and strength?
Gait Posture. 2015 Oct; 42(4):505-10.GP

Abstract

Excessive hip adduction has been associated with a number of lower extremity overuse running injuries. The excessive motion has been suggested to be the result of reduced strength of the hip abductor musculature. Hip anatomical alignment has been postulated to influence hip abduction (HABD) strength and thus may impact hip adduction during running. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between hip anatomy, HABD strength, and frontal plane kinematics during running. Peak isometric HABD strength, 3D lower extremity kinematics during running, femoral neck-shaft angle (NSA), and pelvis width-femur length (PW-FL) ratio were recorded for 25 female subjects. Pearson correlations (p<0.05) were performed between variables. A fair relationship was observed between femoral NSA and HABD strength (r=-0.47, p=0.02) where an increased NSA was associated with reduced HABD strength. No relationship was observed between HABD strength and hip adduction during running. None of the anatomical measurements, NSA or PW-FL, were associated with hip adduction during running. Deviations in the femoral NSA have a limited ability to influence peak isometric hip abduction strength or frontal plane hip kinematics during running. Hip abduction strength does also not appear to be linked with changes in hip kinematics. These findings in healthy individuals question whether excessive hip adduction typically seen in female runners with overuse injuries is caused by deviations in hip abduction strength or anatomical structure.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Kinesiology and Health Promotion, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506, USA.Division of Physical Therapy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506, USA.Department of Kinesiology and Health Promotion, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506, USA.Department of Kinesiology and Health Promotion, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506, USA.Department of Kinesiology and Health Promotion, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506, USA. Electronic address: michael.pohl@uky.edu.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26364243

Citation

Baggaley, Michael, et al. "Frontal Plane Kinematics of the Hip During Running: Are They Related to Hip Anatomy and Strength?" Gait & Posture, vol. 42, no. 4, 2015, pp. 505-10.
Baggaley M, Noehren B, Clasey JL, et al. Frontal plane kinematics of the hip during running: Are they related to hip anatomy and strength? Gait Posture. 2015;42(4):505-10.
Baggaley, M., Noehren, B., Clasey, J. L., Shapiro, R., & Pohl, M. B. (2015). Frontal plane kinematics of the hip during running: Are they related to hip anatomy and strength? Gait & Posture, 42(4), 505-10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2015.07.064
Baggaley M, et al. Frontal Plane Kinematics of the Hip During Running: Are They Related to Hip Anatomy and Strength. Gait Posture. 2015;42(4):505-10. PubMed PMID: 26364243.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Frontal plane kinematics of the hip during running: Are they related to hip anatomy and strength? AU - Baggaley,Michael, AU - Noehren,Brian, AU - Clasey,Jody L, AU - Shapiro,Robert, AU - Pohl,Michael B, Y1 - 2015/08/19/ PY - 2014/11/13/received PY - 2015/07/01/revised PY - 2015/07/24/accepted PY - 2015/9/14/entrez PY - 2015/9/14/pubmed PY - 2016/7/7/medline KW - Alignment KW - Biomechanics KW - Hip KW - Running KW - Strength SP - 505 EP - 10 JF - Gait & posture JO - Gait Posture VL - 42 IS - 4 N2 - Excessive hip adduction has been associated with a number of lower extremity overuse running injuries. The excessive motion has been suggested to be the result of reduced strength of the hip abductor musculature. Hip anatomical alignment has been postulated to influence hip abduction (HABD) strength and thus may impact hip adduction during running. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between hip anatomy, HABD strength, and frontal plane kinematics during running. Peak isometric HABD strength, 3D lower extremity kinematics during running, femoral neck-shaft angle (NSA), and pelvis width-femur length (PW-FL) ratio were recorded for 25 female subjects. Pearson correlations (p<0.05) were performed between variables. A fair relationship was observed between femoral NSA and HABD strength (r=-0.47, p=0.02) where an increased NSA was associated with reduced HABD strength. No relationship was observed between HABD strength and hip adduction during running. None of the anatomical measurements, NSA or PW-FL, were associated with hip adduction during running. Deviations in the femoral NSA have a limited ability to influence peak isometric hip abduction strength or frontal plane hip kinematics during running. Hip abduction strength does also not appear to be linked with changes in hip kinematics. These findings in healthy individuals question whether excessive hip adduction typically seen in female runners with overuse injuries is caused by deviations in hip abduction strength or anatomical structure. SN - 1879-2219 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26364243/Frontal_plane_kinematics_of_the_hip_during_running:_Are_they_related_to_hip_anatomy_and_strength L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0966-6362(15)00796-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -