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Beverage Consumption in Relation to Discretionary Food Intake and Diet Quality among US Adults, 2003 to 2012.
J Acad Nutr Diet. 2016 Jan; 116(1):28-37.JA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

A majority of Americans consume beverages and discretionary foods-foods that are typically low in nutrient value but high in sugar, sodium, fats, and cholesterol-as part of their daily diet, which profoundly impacts their energy balance and nutritional status.

OBJECTIVE

This study examined consumption of different types of beverages in relation to discretionary food intake and diet quality among US adults.

METHODS

Nationally representative sample of 22,513 adults from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003 to 2012 waves were analyzed. The discretionary food category identifies energy-dense, nutrient-poor food products that do not necessarily provide essential nutrients that the human body needs, but can add variety. First-difference estimator addressed confounding bias from time-invariant unobservables (eg, eating habits, taste preferences) by using within-individual variations in diet and beverage consumption between 2 nonconsecutive 24-hour dietary recalls.

RESULTS

Approximately 21.7%, 42.9%, 52.8%, 26.3%, and 22.2% of study participants consumed diet beverage, sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB), coffee, tea, and alcohol, respectively, and 90.1% consumed discretionary foods on any given day. Across beverage types, alcohol (384.8 kcal) and SSB (226.2 kcal) consumption was associated with the largest increase in daily total calorie intake; coffee (60.7 kcal) and diet-beverage (48.8 kcal) consumption was associated with the largest increase in daily calorie intake from discretionary foods, and SSB consumption was associated with the largest reduction in daily overall diet quality measured by the Healthy Eating Index 2010. The impact of beverage consumption on daily calorie intake (overall and from discretionary foods) and diet quality differed across individual sociodemographics and body-weight status. The incremental daily calorie intake from discretionary foods associated with diet-beverage consumption was highest in obese adults, and that associated with SSB was highest in normal-weight adults.

CONCLUSIONS

Interventions to promote healthy eating should assess beverage consumption in the context of overall dietary behavior.

Authors

No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26372338

Citation

An, Ruopeng. "Beverage Consumption in Relation to Discretionary Food Intake and Diet Quality Among US Adults, 2003 to 2012." Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, vol. 116, no. 1, 2016, pp. 28-37.
An R. Beverage Consumption in Relation to Discretionary Food Intake and Diet Quality among US Adults, 2003 to 2012. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2016;116(1):28-37.
An, R. (2016). Beverage Consumption in Relation to Discretionary Food Intake and Diet Quality among US Adults, 2003 to 2012. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 116(1), 28-37. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2015.08.009
An R. Beverage Consumption in Relation to Discretionary Food Intake and Diet Quality Among US Adults, 2003 to 2012. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2016;116(1):28-37. PubMed PMID: 26372338.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Beverage Consumption in Relation to Discretionary Food Intake and Diet Quality among US Adults, 2003 to 2012. A1 - An,Ruopeng, Y1 - 2015/09/11/ PY - 2015/01/26/received PY - 2015/08/04/accepted PY - 2015/9/16/entrez PY - 2015/9/16/pubmed PY - 2016/4/29/medline KW - 24-Hour dietary recall KW - Beverages KW - Diet quality KW - Energy intake KW - Snacks SP - 28 EP - 37 JF - Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics JO - J Acad Nutr Diet VL - 116 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: A majority of Americans consume beverages and discretionary foods-foods that are typically low in nutrient value but high in sugar, sodium, fats, and cholesterol-as part of their daily diet, which profoundly impacts their energy balance and nutritional status. OBJECTIVE: This study examined consumption of different types of beverages in relation to discretionary food intake and diet quality among US adults. METHODS: Nationally representative sample of 22,513 adults from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003 to 2012 waves were analyzed. The discretionary food category identifies energy-dense, nutrient-poor food products that do not necessarily provide essential nutrients that the human body needs, but can add variety. First-difference estimator addressed confounding bias from time-invariant unobservables (eg, eating habits, taste preferences) by using within-individual variations in diet and beverage consumption between 2 nonconsecutive 24-hour dietary recalls. RESULTS: Approximately 21.7%, 42.9%, 52.8%, 26.3%, and 22.2% of study participants consumed diet beverage, sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB), coffee, tea, and alcohol, respectively, and 90.1% consumed discretionary foods on any given day. Across beverage types, alcohol (384.8 kcal) and SSB (226.2 kcal) consumption was associated with the largest increase in daily total calorie intake; coffee (60.7 kcal) and diet-beverage (48.8 kcal) consumption was associated with the largest increase in daily calorie intake from discretionary foods, and SSB consumption was associated with the largest reduction in daily overall diet quality measured by the Healthy Eating Index 2010. The impact of beverage consumption on daily calorie intake (overall and from discretionary foods) and diet quality differed across individual sociodemographics and body-weight status. The incremental daily calorie intake from discretionary foods associated with diet-beverage consumption was highest in obese adults, and that associated with SSB was highest in normal-weight adults. CONCLUSIONS: Interventions to promote healthy eating should assess beverage consumption in the context of overall dietary behavior. SN - 2212-2672 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26372338/Beverage_Consumption_in_Relation_to_Discretionary_Food_Intake_and_Diet_Quality_among_US_Adults_2003_to_2012_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2212-2672(15)01258-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -