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The nutrition contribution of dietary supplements on total nutrient intake in children and adolescents.
Eur J Clin Nutr. 2016 Feb; 70(2):257-61.EJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES

The use of dietary supplements (DSs) by children and adolescents is increasing. The aim of this study was to identify the characteristics of DS users and examine the nutritional contributions of DSs to total nutrient intakes in children and adolescents, using data obtained from a national survey.

SUBJECTS/METHODS

In total, 3134 subjects aged 9-18 years who participated in the 4th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2007-2009) were selected; the survey included 24-h recall questions on food intake and questions on DS use over the past year. Nutrient intakes from DSs were calculated using the aid of a label-based database on such supplements, and individual total nutrient intakes were derived by combining information on the foods and DSs consumed by each subject.

RESULTS

There were 895 DS users (28.5%), 85.2% of whom (n=577) had complete DS nutrient information and were therefore defined as identified-DS users. Identified-DS users were slightly younger and had a greater household income and better nutritional knowledge than did non-users. The most frequently consumed type of supplement was a 'multivitamin and minerals' complex. For total nutrient intake, identified-DS users had a significantly higher intake of most of the nutrients, except for macronutrient and sodium than non-users. In all identified-DS users, the contribution of vitamins and minerals from DSs to total nutrient intake was higher than energy and macronutrients.

CONCLUSIONS

DS use by children and adolescents can improve micronutrient status, but it also increases the risk of excessive intake of certain vitamins and minerals.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Research Institute of Human Ecology, College of Human Ecology, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.Department of Home Economics, Korea National Open University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.Department of Food and Nutrition, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.Department of Food and Nutrition, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.Research Institute of Human Ecology, College of Human Ecology, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.Research Institute of Human Ecology, College of Human Ecology, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Department of Food and Nutrition, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.Major of Food and Nutrition, School of Human Ecology, The Catholic University of Korea, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26373959

Citation

Kang, M, et al. "The Nutrition Contribution of Dietary Supplements On Total Nutrient Intake in Children and Adolescents." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 70, no. 2, 2016, pp. 257-61.
Kang M, Kim DW, Lee H, et al. The nutrition contribution of dietary supplements on total nutrient intake in children and adolescents. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2016;70(2):257-61.
Kang, M., Kim, D. W., Lee, H., Lee, Y. J., Jung, H. J., Paik, H. Y., & Song, Y. J. (2016). The nutrition contribution of dietary supplements on total nutrient intake in children and adolescents. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 70(2), 257-61. https://doi.org/10.1038/ejcn.2015.156
Kang M, et al. The Nutrition Contribution of Dietary Supplements On Total Nutrient Intake in Children and Adolescents. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2016;70(2):257-61. PubMed PMID: 26373959.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The nutrition contribution of dietary supplements on total nutrient intake in children and adolescents. AU - Kang,M, AU - Kim,D W, AU - Lee,H, AU - Lee,Y J, AU - Jung,H J, AU - Paik,H-Y, AU - Song,Y J, Y1 - 2015/09/16/ PY - 2015/02/02/received PY - 2015/06/19/revised PY - 2015/08/03/accepted PY - 2015/9/17/entrez PY - 2015/9/17/pubmed PY - 2016/11/1/medline SP - 257 EP - 61 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 70 IS - 2 N2 - BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The use of dietary supplements (DSs) by children and adolescents is increasing. The aim of this study was to identify the characteristics of DS users and examine the nutritional contributions of DSs to total nutrient intakes in children and adolescents, using data obtained from a national survey. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In total, 3134 subjects aged 9-18 years who participated in the 4th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2007-2009) were selected; the survey included 24-h recall questions on food intake and questions on DS use over the past year. Nutrient intakes from DSs were calculated using the aid of a label-based database on such supplements, and individual total nutrient intakes were derived by combining information on the foods and DSs consumed by each subject. RESULTS: There were 895 DS users (28.5%), 85.2% of whom (n=577) had complete DS nutrient information and were therefore defined as identified-DS users. Identified-DS users were slightly younger and had a greater household income and better nutritional knowledge than did non-users. The most frequently consumed type of supplement was a 'multivitamin and minerals' complex. For total nutrient intake, identified-DS users had a significantly higher intake of most of the nutrients, except for macronutrient and sodium than non-users. In all identified-DS users, the contribution of vitamins and minerals from DSs to total nutrient intake was higher than energy and macronutrients. CONCLUSIONS: DS use by children and adolescents can improve micronutrient status, but it also increases the risk of excessive intake of certain vitamins and minerals. SN - 1476-5640 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26373959/The_nutrition_contribution_of_dietary_supplements_on_total_nutrient_intake_in_children_and_adolescents_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ejcn.2015.156 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -