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Increased Snacking and Eating Occasions Are Associated with Higher Energy Intake among Mexican Children Aged 2-13 Years.
J Nutr. 2015 Nov; 145(11):2570-7.JN

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Little is known about the dietary behaviors of Mexican children with regard to frequency, amount, and quality of foods consumed at eating occasions and their impact on total daily energy intake.

OBJECTIVES

The objectives were to 1) describe foods consumed across eating occasions and 2) examine whether the number or type of total eating occasions was associated with increased total daily energy intake and differed between 2- to 5-y-old and 6- to 13-y-old Mexican children.

METHODS

A nationally representative sample of 5031 children from the 2012 ENSANUT (Encuesta Nacional de Salud y Nutrición) was used to examine the percentage of meals and snacks consumed, mean energy intake from meals and snacks, and the top food groups contributing to meals and snacks. Multivariate linear regression was used to examine the association between meals, snacks, and total eating occasions with daily energy intake for 2- to 5-y-old and 6- to 13-y-old children.

RESULTS

Eating patterns were similar across age groups (per capita mean intake of 3 meals and 1.4-1.6 snacks/d). Each additional snack was associated with greater increases in mean daily energy for older children (+191-289 kcal/d; P < 0.01) relative to younger children (+102-130 kcal/d; P < 0.01). Likewise, each additional eating occasion was associated with greater increases in mean daily energy for older children (+323 kcal/d; P < 0.01) relative to younger children (+166-261 kcal/d; P < 0.01). In both younger and older children, snacking was prevalent (75% and 68%, respectively). Top food contributors to snacks included fruit, salty snacks, candy, sweetened breads, and cookies. Among older children, whole milk as a snack was partially replaced with soda and sweetened fruit drinks.

CONCLUSION

Snacks represent an area for potential improvement in the diets of Mexican children, especially among those aged 6 to 13 y, for whom each additional snack or eating occasion was linked to even greater increases in total daily energy intake.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC; and.Nestlé Research Center, Lausanne, Switzerland.Nestlé Research Center, Lausanne, Switzerland.Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC; and popkin@unc.edu.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26377759

Citation

Taillie, Lindsey Smith, et al. "Increased Snacking and Eating Occasions Are Associated With Higher Energy Intake Among Mexican Children Aged 2-13 Years." The Journal of Nutrition, vol. 145, no. 11, 2015, pp. 2570-7.
Taillie LS, Afeiche MC, Eldridge AL, et al. Increased Snacking and Eating Occasions Are Associated with Higher Energy Intake among Mexican Children Aged 2-13 Years. J Nutr. 2015;145(11):2570-7.
Taillie, L. S., Afeiche, M. C., Eldridge, A. L., & Popkin, B. M. (2015). Increased Snacking and Eating Occasions Are Associated with Higher Energy Intake among Mexican Children Aged 2-13 Years. The Journal of Nutrition, 145(11), 2570-7. https://doi.org/10.3945/jn.115.213165
Taillie LS, et al. Increased Snacking and Eating Occasions Are Associated With Higher Energy Intake Among Mexican Children Aged 2-13 Years. J Nutr. 2015;145(11):2570-7. PubMed PMID: 26377759.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Increased Snacking and Eating Occasions Are Associated with Higher Energy Intake among Mexican Children Aged 2-13 Years. AU - Taillie,Lindsey Smith, AU - Afeiche,Myriam C, AU - Eldridge,Alison L, AU - Popkin,Barry M, Y1 - 2015/09/16/ PY - 2015/03/23/received PY - 2015/08/17/accepted PY - 2015/9/18/entrez PY - 2015/9/18/pubmed PY - 2016/2/13/medline KW - Latin America KW - child diets KW - dietary behavior KW - energy intake KW - preschooler diets KW - snacks KW - sugar-sweetened beverages SP - 2570 EP - 7 JF - The Journal of nutrition JO - J Nutr VL - 145 IS - 11 N2 - BACKGROUND: Little is known about the dietary behaviors of Mexican children with regard to frequency, amount, and quality of foods consumed at eating occasions and their impact on total daily energy intake. OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to 1) describe foods consumed across eating occasions and 2) examine whether the number or type of total eating occasions was associated with increased total daily energy intake and differed between 2- to 5-y-old and 6- to 13-y-old Mexican children. METHODS: A nationally representative sample of 5031 children from the 2012 ENSANUT (Encuesta Nacional de Salud y Nutrición) was used to examine the percentage of meals and snacks consumed, mean energy intake from meals and snacks, and the top food groups contributing to meals and snacks. Multivariate linear regression was used to examine the association between meals, snacks, and total eating occasions with daily energy intake for 2- to 5-y-old and 6- to 13-y-old children. RESULTS: Eating patterns were similar across age groups (per capita mean intake of 3 meals and 1.4-1.6 snacks/d). Each additional snack was associated with greater increases in mean daily energy for older children (+191-289 kcal/d; P < 0.01) relative to younger children (+102-130 kcal/d; P < 0.01). Likewise, each additional eating occasion was associated with greater increases in mean daily energy for older children (+323 kcal/d; P < 0.01) relative to younger children (+166-261 kcal/d; P < 0.01). In both younger and older children, snacking was prevalent (75% and 68%, respectively). Top food contributors to snacks included fruit, salty snacks, candy, sweetened breads, and cookies. Among older children, whole milk as a snack was partially replaced with soda and sweetened fruit drinks. CONCLUSION: Snacks represent an area for potential improvement in the diets of Mexican children, especially among those aged 6 to 13 y, for whom each additional snack or eating occasion was linked to even greater increases in total daily energy intake. SN - 1541-6100 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26377759/Increased_Snacking_and_Eating_Occasions_Are_Associated_with_Higher_Energy_Intake_among_Mexican_Children_Aged_2_13_Years_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/jn/article-lookup/doi/10.3945/jn.115.213165 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -