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Rickettsioses in Europe.
Microbes Infect. 2015 Nov-Dec; 17(11-12):834-8.MI

Abstract

Bacteria of the genera Rickettsia and Orientia (family rickettsiaceae, order rickettsiales) cause rickettsioses worldwide, and are transmitted by lice, fleas, ticks and mites. In Europe, only Rickettsia spp. cause rickettsioses. With improvement of hygiene, the risk of louse-borne rickettsiosis (epidemic typhus) is low in Europe. Nevertheless, recrudescent form of Rickettsia prowazekii infection persists. There could be an epidemic typhus outbreak if a body lice epidemic occurs under unfavorable sanitary conditions. In Europe, endemic typhus or Rickettsia typhi infection, transmitted by rats and fleas, causes febrile illness. At the beginning of this century, flea-borne spotted fever cases caused by Rickettsia felis were diagnosed. Flea-borne rickettsiosis should be suspected after flea bites if fever, with or without rash, is developed. Tick-borne rickettsioses are the main source of rickettsia infections in Europe. Apart from Rickettsia conorii, the Mediterranean Spotted Fever (MSF) agent, other Rickettsia spp. cause MSF-like: Rickettsia helvetica, Rickettsia monacensis, Rickettsia massiliae or Rickettsia aeschlimannii. In the 1990s, two 'new' rickettsioses were diagnosed: Lymphangitis Associated Rickettsiosis (LAR) caused by Rickettsia sibirica mongolitimonae, and Tick-Borne Lymphadenopathy/Dermacentor-Borne-Necrosis-Erythema-Lymphadenopathy/Scalp Eschar Neck Lymphadenopathy (TIBOLA/DEBONEL/SENLAT), caused by Rickettsia slovaca, Candidatus Rickettsia rioja and Rickettsia raoultii. Lastly, European reports about mite-borne rickettsiosis are scarce.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Infectious Diseases Department, Hospital San Pedro-CIBIR, Logroño, Spain.Infectious Diseases Department, Hospital San Pedro-CIBIR, Logroño, Spain.Infectious Diseases Department, Hospital San Pedro-CIBIR, Logroño, Spain.Infectious Diseases Department, Hospital San Pedro-CIBIR, Logroño, Spain.Infectious Diseases Department, Hospital San Pedro-CIBIR, Logroño, Spain. Electronic address: jaoteo@riojasalud.es.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26384814

Citation

Portillo, Aránzazu, et al. "Rickettsioses in Europe." Microbes and Infection, vol. 17, no. 11-12, 2015, pp. 834-8.
Portillo A, Santibáñez S, García-Álvarez L, et al. Rickettsioses in Europe. Microbes Infect. 2015;17(11-12):834-8.
Portillo, A., Santibáñez, S., García-Álvarez, L., Palomar, A. M., & Oteo, J. A. (2015). Rickettsioses in Europe. Microbes and Infection, 17(11-12), 834-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micinf.2015.09.009
Portillo A, et al. Rickettsioses in Europe. Microbes Infect. 2015 Nov-Dec;17(11-12):834-8. PubMed PMID: 26384814.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Rickettsioses in Europe. AU - Portillo,Aránzazu, AU - Santibáñez,Sonia, AU - García-Álvarez,Lara, AU - Palomar,Ana M, AU - Oteo,José A, Y1 - 2015/09/16/ PY - 2015/06/26/received PY - 2015/09/08/revised PY - 2015/09/08/accepted PY - 2015/9/20/entrez PY - 2015/9/20/pubmed PY - 2016/10/7/medline KW - DEBONEL/TIBOLA/SENLAT KW - Europe KW - Fleas KW - LAR KW - Lice KW - MSF KW - Mites KW - Rickettsialpox KW - Rickettsiosis KW - Ticks KW - Typhus SP - 834 EP - 8 JF - Microbes and infection JO - Microbes Infect VL - 17 IS - 11-12 N2 - Bacteria of the genera Rickettsia and Orientia (family rickettsiaceae, order rickettsiales) cause rickettsioses worldwide, and are transmitted by lice, fleas, ticks and mites. In Europe, only Rickettsia spp. cause rickettsioses. With improvement of hygiene, the risk of louse-borne rickettsiosis (epidemic typhus) is low in Europe. Nevertheless, recrudescent form of Rickettsia prowazekii infection persists. There could be an epidemic typhus outbreak if a body lice epidemic occurs under unfavorable sanitary conditions. In Europe, endemic typhus or Rickettsia typhi infection, transmitted by rats and fleas, causes febrile illness. At the beginning of this century, flea-borne spotted fever cases caused by Rickettsia felis were diagnosed. Flea-borne rickettsiosis should be suspected after flea bites if fever, with or without rash, is developed. Tick-borne rickettsioses are the main source of rickettsia infections in Europe. Apart from Rickettsia conorii, the Mediterranean Spotted Fever (MSF) agent, other Rickettsia spp. cause MSF-like: Rickettsia helvetica, Rickettsia monacensis, Rickettsia massiliae or Rickettsia aeschlimannii. In the 1990s, two 'new' rickettsioses were diagnosed: Lymphangitis Associated Rickettsiosis (LAR) caused by Rickettsia sibirica mongolitimonae, and Tick-Borne Lymphadenopathy/Dermacentor-Borne-Necrosis-Erythema-Lymphadenopathy/Scalp Eschar Neck Lymphadenopathy (TIBOLA/DEBONEL/SENLAT), caused by Rickettsia slovaca, Candidatus Rickettsia rioja and Rickettsia raoultii. Lastly, European reports about mite-borne rickettsiosis are scarce. SN - 1769-714X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26384814/Rickettsioses_in_Europe_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1286-4579(15)00193-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -