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Hollow needle cataract aspiration in antiquity.
Acta Ophthalmol. 2015 Dec; 93(8):782-4.AO

Abstract

The dislocation of the crystalline lens or couching technique was the predominant procedure to surgically remove cataracts until the 18th century A.D. However, in the Middle Ages, some Arab physicians tried to aspirate the opaque lens by means of a glass tube following a paracentesis. Some literary sources attributed the origins of this technique to Antyllus of Alexandria, a Greek surgeon who lived in the 2nd century A.D. in the Roman Empire. Nevertheless, this statement remains unclear and is probably the consequence of posterior interpretations or incorrect translations of the manuscripts. In recent years, the discovery of the hollow needles from Montbellet (France) and Viladamat (Spain), in archaeological settlements dated between the 1st century and 3rd century A.D., has reopened the possibility of cataract extraction as an option in the surgical management of soft cataracts in the antiquity. In any case, these findings are exceptional, and thus, probably this technique was not widely practised and very likely disparaged by the medical community.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Ophthalmology, Oftalmar, Vithas Medimar International Hospital, Alicante, Spain. Foundation for the Visual Quality, FUNCAVIS, Alicante, Spain.Department of Ophthalmology, Universitary Clinical Hospital "Lozano Blesa", Zaragoza, Spain. School of Medicine, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain. Health Research Institute Foundation (IIS) Aragón, Zaragoza, Spain.Universitary Hospital La Princesa, Madrid, Spain.Department of Ophthalmology, Oftalmar, Vithas Medimar International Hospital, Alicante, Spain. Foundation for the Visual Quality, FUNCAVIS, Alicante, Spain.Department of Ophthalmology, Poznan City Hospital, Poznań, Poland. University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland.

Pub Type(s)

Historical Article
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26385516

Citation

Pérez-Cambrodí, Rafael J., et al. "Hollow Needle Cataract Aspiration in Antiquity." Acta Ophthalmologica, vol. 93, no. 8, 2015, pp. 782-4.
Pérez-Cambrodí RJ, Ascaso FJ, Diab F, et al. Hollow needle cataract aspiration in antiquity. Acta Ophthalmol. 2015;93(8):782-4.
Pérez-Cambrodí, R. J., Ascaso, F. J., Diab, F., Alzamora-Rodríguez, A., & Grzybowski, A. (2015). Hollow needle cataract aspiration in antiquity. Acta Ophthalmologica, 93(8), 782-4. https://doi.org/10.1111/aos.12843
Pérez-Cambrodí RJ, et al. Hollow Needle Cataract Aspiration in Antiquity. Acta Ophthalmol. 2015;93(8):782-4. PubMed PMID: 26385516.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Hollow needle cataract aspiration in antiquity. AU - Pérez-Cambrodí,Rafael J, AU - Ascaso,Francisco J, AU - Diab,Fathi, AU - Alzamora-Rodríguez,Antonio, AU - Grzybowski,Andrzej, Y1 - 2015/09/19/ PY - 2015/05/22/received PY - 2015/08/03/accepted PY - 2015/9/20/entrez PY - 2015/9/20/pubmed PY - 2016/8/25/medline KW - antiquity KW - aspiration KW - cataract surgery KW - extraction KW - hollow needle SP - 782 EP - 4 JF - Acta ophthalmologica JO - Acta Ophthalmol VL - 93 IS - 8 N2 - The dislocation of the crystalline lens or couching technique was the predominant procedure to surgically remove cataracts until the 18th century A.D. However, in the Middle Ages, some Arab physicians tried to aspirate the opaque lens by means of a glass tube following a paracentesis. Some literary sources attributed the origins of this technique to Antyllus of Alexandria, a Greek surgeon who lived in the 2nd century A.D. in the Roman Empire. Nevertheless, this statement remains unclear and is probably the consequence of posterior interpretations or incorrect translations of the manuscripts. In recent years, the discovery of the hollow needles from Montbellet (France) and Viladamat (Spain), in archaeological settlements dated between the 1st century and 3rd century A.D., has reopened the possibility of cataract extraction as an option in the surgical management of soft cataracts in the antiquity. In any case, these findings are exceptional, and thus, probably this technique was not widely practised and very likely disparaged by the medical community. SN - 1755-3768 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26385516/Hollow_needle_cataract_aspiration_in_antiquity_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/aos.12843 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -