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Infant approach and withdrawal in response to a goal blockage: Its antecedent causes and its effect on toddler persistence.
Dev Psychol. 2015 Nov; 51(11):1553-63.DP

Abstract

In 2 separate longitudinal studies, infants and their mothers were seen in 3 longitudinal visits. At 2 months, they were observed in free play where mothers' contingency toward their infants was obtained. At 5 months, a goal blockage response was produced when a previously learned contingent response became ineffective in producing an interesting event. Infants' emotional responses, in particular anger and sad facial expressions, were observed. At 2 years, toddlers' persistence at play was assessed by measuring children's responses to an interruption of their play. In both studies, the amount of toddlers' persistence was positively related to their anger response to the blocked goal at 5 months. Maternal contingency was not related either to infants' response to the blocked goal or to their persistence at play. These findings provide evidence for the contribution to and the consequences of infants' response to a goal blockage and the role of anger as an approach emotion.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute for the Study of Child Development, Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School.Rutgers School of Nursing.Institute for the Study of Child Development, Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26389608

Citation

Lewis, Michael, et al. "Infant Approach and Withdrawal in Response to a Goal Blockage: Its Antecedent Causes and Its Effect On Toddler Persistence." Developmental Psychology, vol. 51, no. 11, 2015, pp. 1553-63.
Lewis M, Sullivan MW, Kim HM. Infant approach and withdrawal in response to a goal blockage: Its antecedent causes and its effect on toddler persistence. Dev Psychol. 2015;51(11):1553-63.
Lewis, M., Sullivan, M. W., & Kim, H. M. (2015). Infant approach and withdrawal in response to a goal blockage: Its antecedent causes and its effect on toddler persistence. Developmental Psychology, 51(11), 1553-63. https://doi.org/10.1037/dev0000043
Lewis M, Sullivan MW, Kim HM. Infant Approach and Withdrawal in Response to a Goal Blockage: Its Antecedent Causes and Its Effect On Toddler Persistence. Dev Psychol. 2015;51(11):1553-63. PubMed PMID: 26389608.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Infant approach and withdrawal in response to a goal blockage: Its antecedent causes and its effect on toddler persistence. AU - Lewis,Michael, AU - Sullivan,Margaret W, AU - Kim,Hillary Mi-Sung, Y1 - 2015/09/21/ PY - 2015/9/22/entrez PY - 2015/9/22/pubmed PY - 2016/5/10/medline SP - 1553 EP - 63 JF - Developmental psychology JO - Dev Psychol VL - 51 IS - 11 N2 - In 2 separate longitudinal studies, infants and their mothers were seen in 3 longitudinal visits. At 2 months, they were observed in free play where mothers' contingency toward their infants was obtained. At 5 months, a goal blockage response was produced when a previously learned contingent response became ineffective in producing an interesting event. Infants' emotional responses, in particular anger and sad facial expressions, were observed. At 2 years, toddlers' persistence at play was assessed by measuring children's responses to an interruption of their play. In both studies, the amount of toddlers' persistence was positively related to their anger response to the blocked goal at 5 months. Maternal contingency was not related either to infants' response to the blocked goal or to their persistence at play. These findings provide evidence for the contribution to and the consequences of infants' response to a goal blockage and the role of anger as an approach emotion. SN - 1939-0599 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26389608/Infant_approach_and_withdrawal_in_response_to_a_goal_blockage:_Its_antecedent_causes_and_its_effect_on_toddler_persistence_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/dev/51/11/1553 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -