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[Thinness and overweight in children from Amsterdam: a trend analysis and forecast].
Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. 2015; 159:A8967.NT

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To determine the trends in prevalence of moderate and severe thinness, overweight and obesity in children living in Amsterdam between 2009 and 2013 and estimate prevalences for 2020.

DESIGN

Historical cohort study.

METHOD

158,730 measurements of height and weight of 112,405 children from Amsterdam were analysed. Moderate thinness, severe thinness, overweight and obesity were determined using international BMI cut-off values. Trends were analysed using Generalized Estimating Equations (GEE) for two age groups: pre-schoolers (2 and 3 years) and school-aged children (5, 10 and 14 years). The 'self-projecting method,' which allowed us to extend former trends into the future, was used to estimate prevalences for 2020.

RESULTS

The prevalence of moderate thinness increased significantly in both age groups. The prevalence of severe thinness did not change. The prevalences of overweight and obesity declined significantly in both age groups. These trends were most evident in children of Dutch origin. Other ethnic groups also showed declining prevalences but not in both age groups or both categories of overweight. The prognosis for 2020 shows a further decline in the prevalence of overweight and obesity and an increase in the prevalence of thinness.

CONCLUSION

A decline in the prevalences of overweight and obesity was observed in Amsterdam children, including children of Turkish and Moroccan origin. The prevalence rates are still high, so investing in prevention remains necessary. The prevalence of moderate thinness also seems to be increasing. Continued monitoring of children in all BMI classes is therefore important.

Authors+Show Affiliations

GGD Amsterdam, Amsterdam.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

dut

PubMed ID

26395567

Citation

Franssen, Sanne J., et al. "[Thinness and Overweight in Children From Amsterdam: a Trend Analysis and Forecast]." Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde, vol. 159, 2015, pp. A8967.
Franssen SJ, van der Wal MF, Jansen P, et al. [Thinness and overweight in children from Amsterdam: a trend analysis and forecast]. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. 2015;159:A8967.
Franssen, S. J., van der Wal, M. F., Jansen, P., & van Eijsden, M. (2015). [Thinness and overweight in children from Amsterdam: a trend analysis and forecast]. Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde, 159, A8967.
Franssen SJ, et al. [Thinness and Overweight in Children From Amsterdam: a Trend Analysis and Forecast]. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. 2015;159:A8967. PubMed PMID: 26395567.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Thinness and overweight in children from Amsterdam: a trend analysis and forecast]. AU - Franssen,Sanne J, AU - van der Wal,Marcel F, AU - Jansen,Pim, AU - van Eijsden,Manon, PY - 2015/9/24/entrez PY - 2015/9/24/pubmed PY - 2016/8/9/medline SP - A8967 EP - A8967 JF - Nederlands tijdschrift voor geneeskunde JO - Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd VL - 159 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To determine the trends in prevalence of moderate and severe thinness, overweight and obesity in children living in Amsterdam between 2009 and 2013 and estimate prevalences for 2020. DESIGN: Historical cohort study. METHOD: 158,730 measurements of height and weight of 112,405 children from Amsterdam were analysed. Moderate thinness, severe thinness, overweight and obesity were determined using international BMI cut-off values. Trends were analysed using Generalized Estimating Equations (GEE) for two age groups: pre-schoolers (2 and 3 years) and school-aged children (5, 10 and 14 years). The 'self-projecting method,' which allowed us to extend former trends into the future, was used to estimate prevalences for 2020. RESULTS: The prevalence of moderate thinness increased significantly in both age groups. The prevalence of severe thinness did not change. The prevalences of overweight and obesity declined significantly in both age groups. These trends were most evident in children of Dutch origin. Other ethnic groups also showed declining prevalences but not in both age groups or both categories of overweight. The prognosis for 2020 shows a further decline in the prevalence of overweight and obesity and an increase in the prevalence of thinness. CONCLUSION: A decline in the prevalences of overweight and obesity was observed in Amsterdam children, including children of Turkish and Moroccan origin. The prevalence rates are still high, so investing in prevention remains necessary. The prevalence of moderate thinness also seems to be increasing. Continued monitoring of children in all BMI classes is therefore important. SN - 1876-8784 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26395567/[Thinness_and_overweight_in_children_from_Amsterdam:_a_trend_analysis_and_forecast]_ L2 - https://www.ntvg.nl/A8967 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -