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Self-injury, suicide ideation, and sexual orientation: differences in causes and correlates among high school students.
J Inj Violence Res. 2016 Jan; 8(1):15-24.JI

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Research has suggested that sexual minority youth are more likely to experience a number of behavioral and health-related risk factors due to their exposure to negative attitudes and beliefs about sexual minorities. Few studies, however, have examined the prevalence of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) among sexual minority youth. With self-cutting and suicidal ideation common in middle and high schools, understanding the antecedents and correlates of such behavior may help identify troubled students and initiate preventative measures.

METHODS

Bivariate probit regression analyses are performed using data from 7,326 high school students collected via the Delaware Youth Risk Behavior Survey.

RESULTS

Results indicate that bullying victimization, fighting, substance use, sexual behavior, depression, and unhealthy dieting behaviors were generally associated with NSSI and suicidal ideation. Some effects--including those from sexual activity, substance use, and unhealthy dieting behaviors--significantly differed based on gender and orientation.

CONCLUSIONS

Risk factors for suicide and NSSI vary by gender and orientation. Both prevention/intervention specialists and researchers should consider the intersection of these risk factors with sexual orientation in their efforts.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Associate Professor of Sociology, Western Michigan University, Michigan, USA. E-mail: whitney.decamp@wmich.edu.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26401756

Citation

DeCamp, Whitney, and Nicholas W. Bakken. "Self-injury, Suicide Ideation, and Sexual Orientation: Differences in Causes and Correlates Among High School Students." Journal of Injury & Violence Research, vol. 8, no. 1, 2016, pp. 15-24.
DeCamp W, Bakken NW. Self-injury, suicide ideation, and sexual orientation: differences in causes and correlates among high school students. J Inj Violence Res. 2016;8(1):15-24.
DeCamp, W., & Bakken, N. W. (2016). Self-injury, suicide ideation, and sexual orientation: differences in causes and correlates among high school students. Journal of Injury & Violence Research, 8(1), 15-24. https://doi.org/10.5249/jivr.v8i1.545
DeCamp W, Bakken NW. Self-injury, Suicide Ideation, and Sexual Orientation: Differences in Causes and Correlates Among High School Students. J Inj Violence Res. 2016;8(1):15-24. PubMed PMID: 26401756.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Self-injury, suicide ideation, and sexual orientation: differences in causes and correlates among high school students. AU - DeCamp,Whitney, AU - Bakken,Nicholas W, Y1 - 2015/09/23/ PY - 2013/09/05/received PY - 2014/05/13/accepted PY - 2015/9/25/entrez PY - 2015/9/25/pubmed PY - 2016/10/25/medline SP - 15 EP - 24 JF - Journal of injury & violence research JO - J Inj Violence Res VL - 8 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: Research has suggested that sexual minority youth are more likely to experience a number of behavioral and health-related risk factors due to their exposure to negative attitudes and beliefs about sexual minorities. Few studies, however, have examined the prevalence of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) among sexual minority youth. With self-cutting and suicidal ideation common in middle and high schools, understanding the antecedents and correlates of such behavior may help identify troubled students and initiate preventative measures. METHODS: Bivariate probit regression analyses are performed using data from 7,326 high school students collected via the Delaware Youth Risk Behavior Survey. RESULTS: Results indicate that bullying victimization, fighting, substance use, sexual behavior, depression, and unhealthy dieting behaviors were generally associated with NSSI and suicidal ideation. Some effects--including those from sexual activity, substance use, and unhealthy dieting behaviors--significantly differed based on gender and orientation. CONCLUSIONS: Risk factors for suicide and NSSI vary by gender and orientation. Both prevention/intervention specialists and researchers should consider the intersection of these risk factors with sexual orientation in their efforts. SN - 2008-4072 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26401756/Self_injury_suicide_ideation_and_sexual_orientation:_differences_in_causes_and_correlates_among_high_school_students_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.5249/jivr.v8i1.545 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -