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Evolution of psychosocial factors at work in a French region.
Occup Med (Lond) 2016; 66(2):128-34OM

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Psychosocial factors at work (PFW) can be defined as all non-physicochemical occupational risks. Several epidemiological models have been proposed to measure PFW, but one of the most widely used is Karasek's model.

AIMS

To determine whether psychosocial factors, evaluated by Karasek's questionnaire, had increased in a cohort of workers.

METHODS

A random sample of workers in the Pays de la Loire region of France, who could be considered representative of the region's population of salaried workers, filled in a self-administered questionnaire, including Karasek's self-administered questionnaire, in 2002-05 and 2007-09. Karasek's questionnaire can be used to study three psychosocial dimensions (psychological demand, decision latitude and social support in the workplace) in workers in order to define two high-risk situations for their health: 'Job Strain' and 'Iso Strain'. Changes in job strain and iso strain among workers were studied according to the workers' sociodemographic characteristics and their working conditions.

RESULTS

In this sample of 2049 workers, the proportion with iso strain increased between the two periods from 12 to 16%, P < 0.001, mainly among manual workers. Deterioration of Karasek indicators was mainly explained by an increase of the 'low social support' dimension (38 versus 49%, P < 0.001). Working conditions such as temporary employment of colleagues and high perceived physical exertion were associated with higher PFW.

CONCLUSIONS

This study, based on a quantitative and collective model, showed deterioration of working team environments and increased risk for individual mental health in this cohort of French workers in recent years.

Authors+Show Affiliations

LUNAM University, University of Angers, Laboratory of Ergonomics and Epidemiology in Occupational Health (LEEST), Rue Haute de Reculee, 49045 Angers Cedex 01, France, LUNAM University, University of Angers, Faculty of Medicine, Department of General Practice, Rue Haute de Reculee, 49045 Angers Cedex 01, France, cyril.begue@univ-angers.fr.LUNAM University, University of Angers, Laboratory of Ergonomics and Epidemiology in Occupational Health (LEEST), Rue Haute de Reculee, 49045 Angers Cedex 01, France, French Institute for Public Health Surveillance, Department of Occupational Health, F-94415 Saint-Maurice, France.LUNAM University, University of Angers, Laboratory of Ergonomics and Epidemiology in Occupational Health (LEEST), Rue Haute de Reculee, 49045 Angers Cedex 01, France.LUNAM University, University of Angers, Laboratory of Ergonomics and Epidemiology in Occupational Health (LEEST), Rue Haute de Reculee, 49045 Angers Cedex 01, France, LUNAM University, University of Angers, Faculty of Medicine, Department of General Practice, Rue Haute de Reculee, 49045 Angers Cedex 01, France.LUNAM University, University of Angers, Laboratory of Ergonomics and Epidemiology in Occupational Health (LEEST), Rue Haute de Reculee, 49045 Angers Cedex 01, France, LUNAM University, University of Angers, Faculty of Medicine, Department of General Practice, Rue Haute de Reculee, 49045 Angers Cedex 01, France.LUNAM University, University of Angers, Laboratory of Ergonomics and Epidemiology in Occupational Health (LEEST), Rue Haute de Reculee, 49045 Angers Cedex 01, France, LUNAM University, University of Angers, Faculty of Medicine, Department of General Practice, Rue Haute de Reculee, 49045 Angers Cedex 01, France.LUNAM University, University of Angers, Laboratory of Ergonomics and Epidemiology in Occupational Health (LEEST), Rue Haute de Reculee, 49045 Angers Cedex 01, France, Department of Occupational Health, Faculty of Medicine, University Hospital of Angers, 4 rue Larrey, CHU Angers, F-49933 Angers, France.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26409055

Citation

Bègue, C, et al. "Evolution of Psychosocial Factors at Work in a French Region." Occupational Medicine (Oxford, England), vol. 66, no. 2, 2016, pp. 128-34.
Bègue C, Fouquet N, Bodin J, et al. Evolution of psychosocial factors at work in a French region. Occup Med (Lond). 2016;66(2):128-34.
Bègue, C., Fouquet, N., Bodin, J., Ramond-Roquin, A., Huez, J. F., Bouton, C., & Roquelaure, Y. (2016). Evolution of psychosocial factors at work in a French region. Occupational Medicine (Oxford, England), 66(2), pp. 128-34. doi:10.1093/occmed/kqv147.
Bègue C, et al. Evolution of Psychosocial Factors at Work in a French Region. Occup Med (Lond). 2016;66(2):128-34. PubMed PMID: 26409055.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Evolution of psychosocial factors at work in a French region. AU - Bègue,C, AU - Fouquet,N, AU - Bodin,J, AU - Ramond-Roquin,A, AU - Huez,J-F, AU - Bouton,C, AU - Roquelaure,Y, Y1 - 2015/09/25/ PY - 2015/9/27/entrez PY - 2015/9/27/pubmed PY - 2017/9/5/medline KW - France KW - Karasek’s model KW - psychological stress KW - psychosocial factors KW - work. SP - 128 EP - 34 JF - Occupational medicine (Oxford, England) JO - Occup Med (Lond) VL - 66 IS - 2 N2 - BACKGROUND: Psychosocial factors at work (PFW) can be defined as all non-physicochemical occupational risks. Several epidemiological models have been proposed to measure PFW, but one of the most widely used is Karasek's model. AIMS: To determine whether psychosocial factors, evaluated by Karasek's questionnaire, had increased in a cohort of workers. METHODS: A random sample of workers in the Pays de la Loire region of France, who could be considered representative of the region's population of salaried workers, filled in a self-administered questionnaire, including Karasek's self-administered questionnaire, in 2002-05 and 2007-09. Karasek's questionnaire can be used to study three psychosocial dimensions (psychological demand, decision latitude and social support in the workplace) in workers in order to define two high-risk situations for their health: 'Job Strain' and 'Iso Strain'. Changes in job strain and iso strain among workers were studied according to the workers' sociodemographic characteristics and their working conditions. RESULTS: In this sample of 2049 workers, the proportion with iso strain increased between the two periods from 12 to 16%, P < 0.001, mainly among manual workers. Deterioration of Karasek indicators was mainly explained by an increase of the 'low social support' dimension (38 versus 49%, P < 0.001). Working conditions such as temporary employment of colleagues and high perceived physical exertion were associated with higher PFW. CONCLUSIONS: This study, based on a quantitative and collective model, showed deterioration of working team environments and increased risk for individual mental health in this cohort of French workers in recent years. SN - 1471-8405 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26409055/Evolution_of_psychosocial_factors_at_work_in_a_French_region_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/occmed/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/occmed/kqv147 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -