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Descriptive epidemiology and characteristics of confirmed cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus infection in the Makkah Region of Saudi Arabia, March to June 2014.
Ann Saudi Med. 2015 May-Jun; 35(3):203-9.AS

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES

Describe the epidemiology and characteristics of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), which are essential for control and treatment.

METHODS

We conducted a retrospective review of all cases of MERS-CoV reported in four cities of the Makkah Region from March to June 2014. Exposure factors and comorbid conditions were analyzed using Epi Info.

RESULTS

Analysis of the 261 cases revealed that the incidence peaked in mid-April 2014 and the fatality rate was 42%. Cough, fever, radiological evidence of pneumonia, and shortness of breath were identified as significant risk factors for a diagnosis of MER-CoV infection. Healthcare workers (HCWs) are at a higher risk of acquiring MERS-CoV than non-HCWs. Males in Jeddah are at higher risk due to greater outdoor exposure while females in Taif are at higher risk due to domestic caregiving. Filipino nurses are at highest risk among all HCWs.

CONCLUSION

The findings indicate the need to screen all contacts of HCWs to improve MERS control and form public-private partnerships to investigate the true burden of MERS.

Authors+Show Affiliations

No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableDr. Osama M. Alwafi, Al Rosefah St. Makkah 17797, Saudi Arabia, T: 966-125293231, mu_research@yahoo.com.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26409794

Citation

Noorwali, AbdulSalam A., et al. "Descriptive Epidemiology and Characteristics of Confirmed Cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus Infection in the Makkah Region of Saudi Arabia, March to June 2014." Annals of Saudi Medicine, vol. 35, no. 3, 2015, pp. 203-9.
Noorwali AA, Turkistani AM, Asiri SI, et al. Descriptive epidemiology and characteristics of confirmed cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus infection in the Makkah Region of Saudi Arabia, March to June 2014. Ann Saudi Med. 2015;35(3):203-9.
Noorwali, A. A., Turkistani, A. M., Asiri, S. I., Trabulsi, F. A., Alwafi, O. M., Alzahrani, S. H., Rashid, M. M., Hegazy, S. A., Alzaydi, M. D., & Bawakid, K. O. (2015). Descriptive epidemiology and characteristics of confirmed cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus infection in the Makkah Region of Saudi Arabia, March to June 2014. Annals of Saudi Medicine, 35(3), 203-9. https://doi.org/10.5144/0256-4947.2015.203
Noorwali AA, et al. Descriptive Epidemiology and Characteristics of Confirmed Cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus Infection in the Makkah Region of Saudi Arabia, March to June 2014. Ann Saudi Med. 2015 May-Jun;35(3):203-9. PubMed PMID: 26409794.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Descriptive epidemiology and characteristics of confirmed cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus infection in the Makkah Region of Saudi Arabia, March to June 2014. AU - Noorwali,AbdulSalam A, AU - Turkistani,AbdulHafiz M, AU - Asiri,Sari I, AU - Trabulsi,Fadel A, AU - Alwafi,Osama M, AU - Alzahrani,Saud H, AU - Rashid,Muhammad M, AU - Hegazy,Safwat A, AU - Alzaydi,Mohammed D, AU - Bawakid,Khalid O, PY - 2015/9/28/entrez PY - 2015/9/28/pubmed PY - 2016/7/1/medline SP - 203 EP - 9 JF - Annals of Saudi medicine JO - Ann Saudi Med VL - 35 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Describe the epidemiology and characteristics of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), which are essential for control and treatment. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of all cases of MERS-CoV reported in four cities of the Makkah Region from March to June 2014. Exposure factors and comorbid conditions were analyzed using Epi Info. RESULTS: Analysis of the 261 cases revealed that the incidence peaked in mid-April 2014 and the fatality rate was 42%. Cough, fever, radiological evidence of pneumonia, and shortness of breath were identified as significant risk factors for a diagnosis of MER-CoV infection. Healthcare workers (HCWs) are at a higher risk of acquiring MERS-CoV than non-HCWs. Males in Jeddah are at higher risk due to greater outdoor exposure while females in Taif are at higher risk due to domestic caregiving. Filipino nurses are at highest risk among all HCWs. CONCLUSION: The findings indicate the need to screen all contacts of HCWs to improve MERS control and form public-private partnerships to investigate the true burden of MERS. SN - 0975-4466 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26409794/Descriptive_epidemiology_and_characteristics_of_confirmed_cases_of_Middle_East_respiratory_syndrome_coronavirus_infection_in_the_Makkah_Region_of_Saudi_Arabia_March_to_June_2014_ L2 - https://www.annsaudimed.net/doi/10.5144/0256-4947.2015.203?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -