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Intake of total and added sugars and nutrient dilution in Australian children and adolescents.
Br J Nutr. 2015 Dec 14; 114(11):1875-86.BJ

Abstract

This analysis aimed to examine the association between intake of sugars (total or added) and nutrient intake with data from a recent Australian national nutrition survey, the 2007 Australian National Children's Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey (2007ANCNPAS). Data from participants (n 4140; 51 % male) who provided 2×plausible 24-h recalls were included in the analysis. The values on added sugars for foods were estimated using a previously published ten-step systematic methodology. Reported intakes of nutrients and foods defined in the 2007ANCNPAS were analysed by age- and sex-specific quintiles of %energy from added sugars (%EAS) or %energy from total sugars (%ETS) using ANCOVA. Linear trends across the quintiles were examined using multiple linear regression. Logistic regression analysis was used to calculate the OR of not meeting a specified nutrient reference values for Australia and New Zealand per unit in %EAS or %ETS. Analyses were adjusted for age, sex, BMI z-score and total energy intake. Small but significant negative associations were seen between %EAS and the intakes of most nutrient intakes (all P<0·001). For %ETS the associations with nutrient intakes were inconsistent; even then they were smaller than that for %EAS. In general, higher intakes of added sugars were associated with lower intakes of most nutrient-rich, 'core' food groups and higher intakes of energy-dense, nutrient-poor 'extra' foods. In conclusion, assessing intakes of added sugars may be a better approach for addressing issues of diet quality compared with intakes of total sugars.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1School of Medicine, Faculty of Science,Medicine and Health,The University of Wollongong,Wollongong,NSW 2522,Australia.1School of Medicine, Faculty of Science,Medicine and Health,The University of Wollongong,Wollongong,NSW 2522,Australia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26411397

Citation

Louie, Jimmy Chun Yu, and Linda C. Tapsell. "Intake of Total and Added Sugars and Nutrient Dilution in Australian Children and Adolescents." The British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 114, no. 11, 2015, pp. 1875-86.
Louie JC, Tapsell LC. Intake of total and added sugars and nutrient dilution in Australian children and adolescents. Br J Nutr. 2015;114(11):1875-86.
Louie, J. C., & Tapsell, L. C. (2015). Intake of total and added sugars and nutrient dilution in Australian children and adolescents. The British Journal of Nutrition, 114(11), 1875-86. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114515003542
Louie JC, Tapsell LC. Intake of Total and Added Sugars and Nutrient Dilution in Australian Children and Adolescents. Br J Nutr. 2015 Dec 14;114(11):1875-86. PubMed PMID: 26411397.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Intake of total and added sugars and nutrient dilution in Australian children and adolescents. AU - Louie,Jimmy Chun Yu, AU - Tapsell,Linda C, Y1 - 2015/09/28/ PY - 2015/9/29/entrez PY - 2015/9/29/pubmed PY - 2016/2/19/medline KW - %EAS %energy from added sugars KW - %ETS %energy from total sugars KW - 2007 ANCNPAS the 2007 Australian National Children’s Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey KW - Added sugars KW - Australian children and adolescents KW - EI energy intake KW - NRV nutrient reference values KW - Nutrient dilution KW - PAL physical activity level KW - Total sugars SP - 1875 EP - 86 JF - The British journal of nutrition JO - Br J Nutr VL - 114 IS - 11 N2 - This analysis aimed to examine the association between intake of sugars (total or added) and nutrient intake with data from a recent Australian national nutrition survey, the 2007 Australian National Children's Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey (2007ANCNPAS). Data from participants (n 4140; 51 % male) who provided 2×plausible 24-h recalls were included in the analysis. The values on added sugars for foods were estimated using a previously published ten-step systematic methodology. Reported intakes of nutrients and foods defined in the 2007ANCNPAS were analysed by age- and sex-specific quintiles of %energy from added sugars (%EAS) or %energy from total sugars (%ETS) using ANCOVA. Linear trends across the quintiles were examined using multiple linear regression. Logistic regression analysis was used to calculate the OR of not meeting a specified nutrient reference values for Australia and New Zealand per unit in %EAS or %ETS. Analyses were adjusted for age, sex, BMI z-score and total energy intake. Small but significant negative associations were seen between %EAS and the intakes of most nutrient intakes (all P<0·001). For %ETS the associations with nutrient intakes were inconsistent; even then they were smaller than that for %EAS. In general, higher intakes of added sugars were associated with lower intakes of most nutrient-rich, 'core' food groups and higher intakes of energy-dense, nutrient-poor 'extra' foods. In conclusion, assessing intakes of added sugars may be a better approach for addressing issues of diet quality compared with intakes of total sugars. SN - 1475-2662 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26411397/Intake_of_total_and_added_sugars_and_nutrient_dilution_in_Australian_children_and_adolescents_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0007114515003542/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -