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Sexual revictimization, PTSD, and problem drinking in sexual assault survivors.
Addict Behav. 2016 Feb; 53:7-10.AB

Abstract

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and problem drinking are common and often co-occurring sequelae experienced by women survivors of adult sexual assault, yet revictimization may mediate risk of symptoms over time. Structural equation modeling was used to examine data from a 3-wave panel design with a large (N=1012), ethnically diverse sample of women assault survivors to examine whether repeated sexual victimization related to greater PTSD and problem drinking. Structural equation modeling revealed that child sexual abuse was associated with greater symptoms of PTSD and problem drinking and intervening sexual victimization was associated with greater symptoms of PTSD and problem drinking at both 1 and 2year follow-ups. We found no evidence, however, that PTSD directly influenced problem drinking over the long term or vice versa, although they were correlated at each timepoint. Revictimization during the study predicted survivors' prospective PTSD and problem drinking symptoms inconsistently. Implications and recommendations for future research are discussed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of Illinois at Chicago, 1007 West Harrison Street, Chicago, IL 60607-7140, United States. Electronic address: seullman@uic.edu.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26414205

Citation

Ullman, Sarah E.. "Sexual Revictimization, PTSD, and Problem Drinking in Sexual Assault Survivors." Addictive Behaviors, vol. 53, 2016, pp. 7-10.
Ullman SE. Sexual revictimization, PTSD, and problem drinking in sexual assault survivors. Addict Behav. 2016;53:7-10.
Ullman, S. E. (2016). Sexual revictimization, PTSD, and problem drinking in sexual assault survivors. Addictive Behaviors, 53, 7-10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2015.09.010
Ullman SE. Sexual Revictimization, PTSD, and Problem Drinking in Sexual Assault Survivors. Addict Behav. 2016;53:7-10. PubMed PMID: 26414205.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Sexual revictimization, PTSD, and problem drinking in sexual assault survivors. A1 - Ullman,Sarah E, Y1 - 2015/09/21/ PY - 2015/02/10/received PY - 2015/08/30/revised PY - 2015/09/17/accepted PY - 2015/9/29/entrez PY - 2015/9/29/pubmed PY - 2016/9/30/medline KW - Child sexual abuse KW - PTSD KW - Problem drinking KW - Revictimization KW - Sexual assault SP - 7 EP - 10 JF - Addictive behaviors JO - Addict Behav VL - 53 N2 - Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and problem drinking are common and often co-occurring sequelae experienced by women survivors of adult sexual assault, yet revictimization may mediate risk of symptoms over time. Structural equation modeling was used to examine data from a 3-wave panel design with a large (N=1012), ethnically diverse sample of women assault survivors to examine whether repeated sexual victimization related to greater PTSD and problem drinking. Structural equation modeling revealed that child sexual abuse was associated with greater symptoms of PTSD and problem drinking and intervening sexual victimization was associated with greater symptoms of PTSD and problem drinking at both 1 and 2year follow-ups. We found no evidence, however, that PTSD directly influenced problem drinking over the long term or vice versa, although they were correlated at each timepoint. Revictimization during the study predicted survivors' prospective PTSD and problem drinking symptoms inconsistently. Implications and recommendations for future research are discussed. SN - 1873-6327 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26414205/Sexual_revictimization_PTSD_and_problem_drinking_in_sexual_assault_survivors_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0306-4603(15)30021-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -