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Prevalence of dental anomalies in children with cleft lip and unilateral and bilateral cleft lip and palate.
Eur J Paediatr Dent. 2015 Sep; 16(3):229-32.EJ

Abstract

AIM

To examine the prevalence of different types of dental anomalies in children with nonsyndromic cleft lip, unilateral cleft lip-palate, and bilateral cleft lip-palate.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

A sample of 90 patients (aged 4-20 years) affected by isolated cleft lip, unilateral and bilateral cleft lip and palate was examined. Cleft patients were classified into one of three groups according to cleft type: (1) Unilateral Cleft Lip-Palate, (2) Bilateral Cleft Lip-Palate, and (3) Cleft Lip. Intraoral exams, panoramic radiographs and dental casts, were used to analyse the prevalence of the various dental anomalies included in this study.

RESULTS

There were no statistically significant differences between patients with cleft lip, unilateral cleft lip and palate and bilateral cleft lip and palate. The congenital absence of the cleft-side lateral incisor was observed in 40% of the sample, and a total of 30% patients showed supernumerary teeth at the incisors region. Second premolar agenesis was found in 4.4% of patients, whereas in 18.9% of the sample there was an ectopic dental eruption. Lateral or central incisors rotation was noted in 31.1% of the sample, while shape anomaly, lateral incisor microdontia, and enamel hypoplasia were detected respectively in 25.6%, 5.6% and 18.9% of cleft patients.

CONCLUSION

High prevalence of different dental anomalies in children with cleft lip and unilateral and bilateral cleft lip and palate has been confirmed. This study, in particular, shows the presence of ectopic and rotated teeth in the cleft area.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Associate Professor of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Stomatology Department, University of Naples (SUN), Naples, Italy.Resident of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Stomatology Department, University of Naples (SUN), Naples, Italy.Postgraduate student, Department of Neuroscience, Reproductive sciences and Dentistry, Stomatology Department, University of Naples (SUN), Naples, Italy.Postgraduate Student, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Stomatology Department, University of Naples (SUN), Naples, Italy.Researcher, Medical Statistics, Department of Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, Stomatology Department, University of Naples (SUN), Naples, Italy.Postgraduate student, Department of Orthodontics, Stomatology Department, University of Naples (SUN), Naples, Italy.Head, Postgraduate Orthodontic Program, Stomatology Department, University of Naples (SUN), Naples, Italy.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26418927

Citation

Rullo, R, et al. "Prevalence of Dental Anomalies in Children With Cleft Lip and Unilateral and Bilateral Cleft Lip and Palate." European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, vol. 16, no. 3, 2015, pp. 229-32.
Rullo R, Festa VM, Rullo R, et al. Prevalence of dental anomalies in children with cleft lip and unilateral and bilateral cleft lip and palate. Eur J Paediatr Dent. 2015;16(3):229-32.
Rullo, R., Festa, V. M., Rullo, R., Addabbo, F., Chiodini, P., Vitale, M., & Perillo, L. (2015). Prevalence of dental anomalies in children with cleft lip and unilateral and bilateral cleft lip and palate. European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, 16(3), 229-32.
Rullo R, et al. Prevalence of Dental Anomalies in Children With Cleft Lip and Unilateral and Bilateral Cleft Lip and Palate. Eur J Paediatr Dent. 2015;16(3):229-32. PubMed PMID: 26418927.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of dental anomalies in children with cleft lip and unilateral and bilateral cleft lip and palate. AU - Rullo,R, AU - Festa,V M, AU - Rullo,R, AU - Addabbo,F, AU - Chiodini,P, AU - Vitale,M, AU - Perillo,L, PY - 2015/9/30/entrez PY - 2015/9/30/pubmed PY - 2015/11/7/medline SP - 229 EP - 32 JF - European journal of paediatric dentistry JO - Eur J Paediatr Dent VL - 16 IS - 3 N2 - AIM: To examine the prevalence of different types of dental anomalies in children with nonsyndromic cleft lip, unilateral cleft lip-palate, and bilateral cleft lip-palate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A sample of 90 patients (aged 4-20 years) affected by isolated cleft lip, unilateral and bilateral cleft lip and palate was examined. Cleft patients were classified into one of three groups according to cleft type: (1) Unilateral Cleft Lip-Palate, (2) Bilateral Cleft Lip-Palate, and (3) Cleft Lip. Intraoral exams, panoramic radiographs and dental casts, were used to analyse the prevalence of the various dental anomalies included in this study. RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences between patients with cleft lip, unilateral cleft lip and palate and bilateral cleft lip and palate. The congenital absence of the cleft-side lateral incisor was observed in 40% of the sample, and a total of 30% patients showed supernumerary teeth at the incisors region. Second premolar agenesis was found in 4.4% of patients, whereas in 18.9% of the sample there was an ectopic dental eruption. Lateral or central incisors rotation was noted in 31.1% of the sample, while shape anomaly, lateral incisor microdontia, and enamel hypoplasia were detected respectively in 25.6%, 5.6% and 18.9% of cleft patients. CONCLUSION: High prevalence of different dental anomalies in children with cleft lip and unilateral and bilateral cleft lip and palate has been confirmed. This study, in particular, shows the presence of ectopic and rotated teeth in the cleft area. SN - 1591-996X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26418927/Prevalence_of_dental_anomalies_in_children_with_cleft_lip_and_unilateral_and_bilateral_cleft_lip_and_palate_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/1672 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -