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Frequency of Tobacco Use Among Middle and High School Students--United States, 2014.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2015 Oct 02; 64(38):1061-5.MM

Abstract

The use of tobacco products during adolescence increases the risk for adverse health effects and lifelong nicotine addiction. In 2014, an estimated 4.6 million middle and high school students were current users of any tobacco product, of whom an estimated 2.2 million were current users of two or more types of tobacco products. Symptoms of nicotine dependence are increased for multiple tobacco product users compared with single-product users. CDC and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) analyzed data from the 2014 National Youth Tobacco Survey (NYTS) to determine how frequently (the number of days in the preceding 30 days) U.S. middle school (grades 6–8) and high school (grades 9–12) students used cigarettes, e-cigarettes, cigars, and smokeless tobacco products. Among current users (≥1 day during the preceding 30 days) in high school, frequent use (≥20 days during the preceding 30 days) was most prevalent among smokeless tobacco users (42.0%), followed by cigarette smokers (31.6%), e-cigarette users (15.5%), and cigar smokers (13.1%); a similar pattern was observed for those who used during all 30 days. Among current users in middle school, frequent use was greatest among smokeless tobacco users (29.2%), followed by cigarette smokers (20.0%), cigar smokers (13.2%) and e-cigarette users (11.8%). Current use of two or more types of tobacco products was common, even among students who used tobacco products 1–5 days during the preceding 30 days: 77.3% for cigar smokers, 76.9% for cigarette smokers, 63.4% for smokeless tobacco users, and 54.8% for e-cigarettes users. Preventing youths from initiating the use of any tobacco product is important to tobacco use prevention and control strategies in the United States. Monitoring the frequency and patterns of tobacco use among youths, including the use of two or more tobacco products, is important to inform evidence-based interventions to prevent and reduce all forms of tobacco use among youths.

Authors

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Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26422781

Citation

Neff, Linda J., et al. "Frequency of Tobacco Use Among Middle and High School Students--United States, 2014." MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, vol. 64, no. 38, 2015, pp. 1061-5.
Neff LJ, Arrazola RA, Caraballo RS, et al. Frequency of Tobacco Use Among Middle and High School Students--United States, 2014. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2015;64(38):1061-5.
Neff, L. J., Arrazola, R. A., Caraballo, R. S., Corey, C. G., Cox, S., King, B. A., Choiniere, C. J., & Husten, C. G. (2015). Frequency of Tobacco Use Among Middle and High School Students--United States, 2014. MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 64(38), 1061-5. https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6438a1
Neff LJ, et al. Frequency of Tobacco Use Among Middle and High School Students--United States, 2014. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2015 Oct 2;64(38):1061-5. PubMed PMID: 26422781.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Frequency of Tobacco Use Among Middle and High School Students--United States, 2014. AU - Neff,Linda J, AU - Arrazola,René A, AU - Caraballo,Ralph S, AU - Corey,Catherine G, AU - Cox,Shanna, AU - King,Brian A, AU - Choiniere,Conrad J, AU - Husten,Corinne G, Y1 - 2015/10/02/ PY - 2015/10/1/entrez PY - 2015/10/1/pubmed PY - 2015/12/25/medline SP - 1061 EP - 5 JF - MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report JO - MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep VL - 64 IS - 38 N2 - The use of tobacco products during adolescence increases the risk for adverse health effects and lifelong nicotine addiction. In 2014, an estimated 4.6 million middle and high school students were current users of any tobacco product, of whom an estimated 2.2 million were current users of two or more types of tobacco products. Symptoms of nicotine dependence are increased for multiple tobacco product users compared with single-product users. CDC and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) analyzed data from the 2014 National Youth Tobacco Survey (NYTS) to determine how frequently (the number of days in the preceding 30 days) U.S. middle school (grades 6–8) and high school (grades 9–12) students used cigarettes, e-cigarettes, cigars, and smokeless tobacco products. Among current users (≥1 day during the preceding 30 days) in high school, frequent use (≥20 days during the preceding 30 days) was most prevalent among smokeless tobacco users (42.0%), followed by cigarette smokers (31.6%), e-cigarette users (15.5%), and cigar smokers (13.1%); a similar pattern was observed for those who used during all 30 days. Among current users in middle school, frequent use was greatest among smokeless tobacco users (29.2%), followed by cigarette smokers (20.0%), cigar smokers (13.2%) and e-cigarette users (11.8%). Current use of two or more types of tobacco products was common, even among students who used tobacco products 1–5 days during the preceding 30 days: 77.3% for cigar smokers, 76.9% for cigarette smokers, 63.4% for smokeless tobacco users, and 54.8% for e-cigarettes users. Preventing youths from initiating the use of any tobacco product is important to tobacco use prevention and control strategies in the United States. Monitoring the frequency and patterns of tobacco use among youths, including the use of two or more tobacco products, is important to inform evidence-based interventions to prevent and reduce all forms of tobacco use among youths. SN - 1545-861X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26422781/Frequency_of_Tobacco_Use_Among_Middle_and_High_School_Students__United_States_2014_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6438a1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -