Cerebral hemodynamics in orthostatic intolerance with normal head-up tilt test.Acta Neurol Scand. 2016 Aug; 134(2):108-15.AN
Orthostatic hypotension (OH) and postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) are well-known causes of orthostatic intolerance (OI). In addition, there are OI patients who are characterized by the symptoms of OI and lack of abnormal findings in head-up tilt (HUT) test. The aim of this study was to determine the cerebral hemodynamic changes in HUT test of OI patients with normal HUT (OINH).
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Two hundred and sixty-one OI patients and 50 healthy controls were enrolled in this study. All subjects underwent transcranial Doppler test while performing the HUT test. Forty-five patients had OH, 33 patients had POTS, and 183 patients had OINH. Blood pressures, heart rate, cerebral blood flow velocities (CBFVs), end-tidal carbon dioxide (ET-PCO2), cerebral critical closing pressure (CCP), cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP), and cerebral vascular resistance (CVR) were measured during HUT test. We compared the hemodynamic parameters of OINH with those of OH, POTS, and healthy controls.
Reduced CBFVs, CPP, and ET-PCO2 and elevated CCP were observed in the HUT test of all four groups. CVR was reduced in three OI patients. The drops in systolic CBFV, CPP, and CVR of OINH patients were greater than those of healthy controls. The changes in parameters in the HUT test of OINH group were not different from those of OH and POTS groups except prominent decrements of CPP and CVR in OH group.
Our findings suggest that OINH is true OI sharing the common pathomechanism of OH and POTS.