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Prevalence of overweight/obesity in relation to dietary habits and lifestyle among 7-17 years old children and adolescents in Lithuania.
BMC Public Health. 2015 Oct 01; 15:1001.BP

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Until recently increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity among pediatric population in Europe and worldwide contributes to major well-known risks for metabolic consequences in later life. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of overweight/obesity among children and adolescents in Lithuania and assess its association with energy balance related behaviors as well as familial demographic and socioeconomic factors.

METHODS

Cross-sectional study included 3990 7-17 years old schoolchildren from 40 schools of Kaunas region, Lithuania. Study participants underwent anthropometric measurements. Body mass index (BMI) was evaluated according to International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) criteria for children and adolescents. Children and adolescents and their parents filled in the questionnaires on parental sociodemographic characteristics, dietary habits, TV watching time, and family socioeconomic status.

RESULTS

The prevalence of underweight, overweight, and obesity among boys and girls was 6.9 and 11.7 % (P < 0.05), 12.6 and 12.6 % (P > 0.05), and 4.9 and 3.4 % (P < 0.05), respectively. Obesity was significantly more prevalent in the 7-9 years old group (6.7 and 4.8 % in boys and girls, respectively, P < 0.05). Lower meals frequency and breakfast skipping were directly associated with overweight/obesity (P < 0.05); however, physical inactivity was not associated with higher BMI. Children's overweight/obesity was directly associated with lower paternal education and unemployment (OR 1.30, P = 0.013 and OR 1.56, P = 0.003, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS

The prevalence of overweight and obesity among 7-17 years old Lithuanian children and adolescents was more prevalent in younger age, still being one of the lowest across the European countries. Meals frequency, breakfast skipping, paternal education and unemployment as well as a family history of arterial hypertension were found to be associated with children's and adolescents' overweight/obesity.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Endocrinology, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Eiveniu str. 2, LT-50009, Kaunas, Lithuania. natalija.smetanina@gmail.com.Laboratory of Child and Youth Health, Institute of Health Research, Faculty of Public Health, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Eiveniu str. 4, LT-50009, Kaunas, Lithuania. edita.alb@gmail.com.Faculty of Medicine, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Mickeviciaus str. 9, LT-44307, Kaunas, Lithuania. v.babinska@gmail.com.Faculty of Medicine, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Mickeviciaus str. 9, LT-44307, Kaunas, Lithuania. linazil@yahoo.com.Goteborg Pediatric Growth Research Centre, Sahlgrenska Academy, Goteborg University, SE-41685, Goteborg, Sweden. kerstin.albertssonwikland@pediat.gu.se.Laboratory of Child and Youth Health, Institute of Health Research, Faculty of Public Health, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Eiveniu str. 4, LT-50009, Kaunas, Lithuania. ausrapet@gmail.com.Institute of Endocrinology, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Eiveniu str. 2, LT-50009, Kaunas, Lithuania. rasa.verkauskiene@gmail.com.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26429124

Citation

Smetanina, Natalija, et al. "Prevalence of Overweight/obesity in Relation to Dietary Habits and Lifestyle Among 7-17 Years Old Children and Adolescents in Lithuania." BMC Public Health, vol. 15, 2015, p. 1001.
Smetanina N, Albaviciute E, Babinska V, et al. Prevalence of overweight/obesity in relation to dietary habits and lifestyle among 7-17 years old children and adolescents in Lithuania. BMC Public Health. 2015;15:1001.
Smetanina, N., Albaviciute, E., Babinska, V., Karinauskiene, L., Albertsson-Wikland, K., Petrauskiene, A., & Verkauskiene, R. (2015). Prevalence of overweight/obesity in relation to dietary habits and lifestyle among 7-17 years old children and adolescents in Lithuania. BMC Public Health, 15, 1001. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-015-2340-y
Smetanina N, et al. Prevalence of Overweight/obesity in Relation to Dietary Habits and Lifestyle Among 7-17 Years Old Children and Adolescents in Lithuania. BMC Public Health. 2015 Oct 1;15:1001. PubMed PMID: 26429124.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of overweight/obesity in relation to dietary habits and lifestyle among 7-17 years old children and adolescents in Lithuania. AU - Smetanina,Natalija, AU - Albaviciute,Edita, AU - Babinska,Veslava, AU - Karinauskiene,Lina, AU - Albertsson-Wikland,Kerstin, AU - Petrauskiene,Ausra, AU - Verkauskiene,Rasa, Y1 - 2015/10/01/ PY - 2015/01/14/received PY - 2015/09/23/accepted PY - 2015/10/3/entrez PY - 2015/10/3/pubmed PY - 2016/5/14/medline SP - 1001 EP - 1001 JF - BMC public health JO - BMC Public Health VL - 15 N2 - BACKGROUND: Until recently increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity among pediatric population in Europe and worldwide contributes to major well-known risks for metabolic consequences in later life. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of overweight/obesity among children and adolescents in Lithuania and assess its association with energy balance related behaviors as well as familial demographic and socioeconomic factors. METHODS: Cross-sectional study included 3990 7-17 years old schoolchildren from 40 schools of Kaunas region, Lithuania. Study participants underwent anthropometric measurements. Body mass index (BMI) was evaluated according to International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) criteria for children and adolescents. Children and adolescents and their parents filled in the questionnaires on parental sociodemographic characteristics, dietary habits, TV watching time, and family socioeconomic status. RESULTS: The prevalence of underweight, overweight, and obesity among boys and girls was 6.9 and 11.7 % (P < 0.05), 12.6 and 12.6 % (P > 0.05), and 4.9 and 3.4 % (P < 0.05), respectively. Obesity was significantly more prevalent in the 7-9 years old group (6.7 and 4.8 % in boys and girls, respectively, P < 0.05). Lower meals frequency and breakfast skipping were directly associated with overweight/obesity (P < 0.05); however, physical inactivity was not associated with higher BMI. Children's overweight/obesity was directly associated with lower paternal education and unemployment (OR 1.30, P = 0.013 and OR 1.56, P = 0.003, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of overweight and obesity among 7-17 years old Lithuanian children and adolescents was more prevalent in younger age, still being one of the lowest across the European countries. Meals frequency, breakfast skipping, paternal education and unemployment as well as a family history of arterial hypertension were found to be associated with children's and adolescents' overweight/obesity. SN - 1471-2458 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26429124/Prevalence_of_overweight/obesity_in_relation_to_dietary_habits_and_lifestyle_among_7_17_years_old_children_and_adolescents_in_Lithuania_ L2 - https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12889-015-2340-y DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -