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The effects of parental sensitivity and involvement in caregiving on mother-infant and father-infant attachment in a Portuguese sample.
J Fam Psychol. 2016 Feb; 30(1):147-56.JF

Abstract

In the present longitudinal study, we investigated attachment quality in Portuguese mother-infant and in father-infant dyads, and evaluated whether attachment quality was related to parental sensitivity during parent-infant social interaction or to the amount of time each parent spent with the infant during play and in routine caregiving activities (e.g., feeding, bathing, play). The sample consisted of 82 healthy full-term infants (30 girls, 53 boys, 48 first born), and their mothers and fathers from mostly middle-class households. To assess parental sensitivity, mothers and fathers were independently observed during free play interactions with their infants when infants were 9 and 15 months old. The videotaped interactions were scored by masked coders using the Crittenden's CARE-Index. When infants were 12 and 18 months old, mother-infant and father-infant dyads were videotaped during an adaptation of Ainsworth's Strange Situation. Parents also described their level of involvement in infant caregiving activities using a Portuguese version of the McBride and Mills Parent Responsibility Scale. Mothers were rated as being more sensitive than fathers during parent-infant free play at both 9 and 15 months. There also was a higher prevalence of secure attachment in mother-infant versus father-infant dyads at both 12 and 18 months. Attachment security was predicted by the amount of time mothers and fathers were involved in caregiving and play with the infant, and with parents' behavior during parent-infant free play.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Centro de Psicologia, University of Porto.Department of Pediatrics, Hospital de Santo Espirito.Department of Psychology, Wayne State University.Centro de Psicologia, University of Port.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26437145

Citation

Fuertes, Marina, et al. "The Effects of Parental Sensitivity and Involvement in Caregiving On Mother-infant and Father-infant Attachment in a Portuguese Sample." Journal of Family Psychology : JFP : Journal of the Division of Family Psychology of the American Psychological Association (Division 43), vol. 30, no. 1, 2016, pp. 147-56.
Fuertes M, Faria A, Beeghly M, et al. The effects of parental sensitivity and involvement in caregiving on mother-infant and father-infant attachment in a Portuguese sample. J Fam Psychol. 2016;30(1):147-56.
Fuertes, M., Faria, A., Beeghly, M., & Lopes-dos-Santos, P. (2016). The effects of parental sensitivity and involvement in caregiving on mother-infant and father-infant attachment in a Portuguese sample. Journal of Family Psychology : JFP : Journal of the Division of Family Psychology of the American Psychological Association (Division 43), 30(1), 147-56. https://doi.org/10.1037/fam0000139
Fuertes M, et al. The Effects of Parental Sensitivity and Involvement in Caregiving On Mother-infant and Father-infant Attachment in a Portuguese Sample. J Fam Psychol. 2016;30(1):147-56. PubMed PMID: 26437145.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The effects of parental sensitivity and involvement in caregiving on mother-infant and father-infant attachment in a Portuguese sample. AU - Fuertes,Marina, AU - Faria,Anabela, AU - Beeghly,Marjorie, AU - Lopes-dos-Santos,Pedro, Y1 - 2015/10/05/ PY - 2015/10/6/entrez PY - 2015/10/6/pubmed PY - 2016/10/7/medline SP - 147 EP - 56 JF - Journal of family psychology : JFP : journal of the Division of Family Psychology of the American Psychological Association (Division 43) JO - J Fam Psychol VL - 30 IS - 1 N2 - In the present longitudinal study, we investigated attachment quality in Portuguese mother-infant and in father-infant dyads, and evaluated whether attachment quality was related to parental sensitivity during parent-infant social interaction or to the amount of time each parent spent with the infant during play and in routine caregiving activities (e.g., feeding, bathing, play). The sample consisted of 82 healthy full-term infants (30 girls, 53 boys, 48 first born), and their mothers and fathers from mostly middle-class households. To assess parental sensitivity, mothers and fathers were independently observed during free play interactions with their infants when infants were 9 and 15 months old. The videotaped interactions were scored by masked coders using the Crittenden's CARE-Index. When infants were 12 and 18 months old, mother-infant and father-infant dyads were videotaped during an adaptation of Ainsworth's Strange Situation. Parents also described their level of involvement in infant caregiving activities using a Portuguese version of the McBride and Mills Parent Responsibility Scale. Mothers were rated as being more sensitive than fathers during parent-infant free play at both 9 and 15 months. There also was a higher prevalence of secure attachment in mother-infant versus father-infant dyads at both 12 and 18 months. Attachment security was predicted by the amount of time mothers and fathers were involved in caregiving and play with the infant, and with parents' behavior during parent-infant free play. SN - 1939-1293 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26437145/The_effects_of_parental_sensitivity_and_involvement_in_caregiving_on_mother_infant_and_father_infant_attachment_in_a_Portuguese_sample_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/fam/30/1/147 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -