[Persistent Bilateral Vocal Cord Paralysis after General Anesthesia in a Patient with Multiple System Atrophy: A Case Report].Masui. 2015 Jun; 64(6):651-4.M
We report a case of persistent bilateral vocal cord paralysis which developed after spine surgery under general anesthesia in a patient with multiple system atrophy. A 64-year-old woman was scheduled to receive spinal fusion surgery for kyphoscoliosis. She did not have apparent symptoms of vocal cord paralysis such as hoarseness before surgery. The surgery was performed smoothly under general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation. However, immediately after extubation, the patient developed severe upper airway obstruction and was re-intubated. Fiberoptic laryngoscopy revealed bilateral vocal cord abductor paralysis. Vocal cord paralysis did not improve and she received tracheotomy on the 12th day after surgery. She also showed symptoms of autonomic nervous system dysfunction and cerebellar ataxia, and was diagnosed as multiple system atrophy on postoperative day 64. We discuss differential diagnosis of persistent vocal cord paralysis after general anesthesia, and anesthetic management of a patient with multiple system atrophy.