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Effects of date palm fruit extracts on skin mucosal immunity, immune related genes expression and growth performance of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) fry.
Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2015 Dec; 47(2):706-11.FS

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of date palm fruit extracts (DPFE) on skin mucosal immunity, immune related genes expression and growth performance of fry common carp (Cyprinus carpio). One hundred and twenty specimens (4.06 ± 0.13 g) were supplied and allocated into six aquaria; specimens in three aquaria were fed non-supplemented diet (control) while the fish in the other 3 aquaria were fed with DPFE at 200 ml kg(-1). At the end of feeding trial (8 weeks) skin mucus immune parameters (total immunoglobulins, lysozyme, protease and alkaline phosphatase activity) and immune related gene expression (tumor necrosis factor α [tnfa], lysozyme [ly] and interleukin-1-beta, [il1b]) in the head-kidney were studied. The results revealed that feeding carp fry with 200 ml kg(-1) DPFE remarkably elevated the three skin mucus immune parameters tested (P < 0.05). However, evaluation of immune related gene expression demonstrated that the expression of tnfa and il1b was considerably decreased (P < 0.05) in fish fed DPFE diet, while the expression of ly remained similar (P > 0.05) compared to control fish (fed control diet). Furthermore, growth performance parameters were significantly improved in fry fed DPFE (P < 0.05). More studies are needed to understand different aspects of DPFE administration in fry mucosal immunity.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Fisheries and Environmental Sciences, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran. Electronic address: hoseinifar@gau.ac.ir.Medical Cellular & Molecular Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran.Inland Water Aquaculture Institute, Specialized Research Station of Aquatics Nutrition and Live Food, BandareAnzali, Iran.Cereal Health Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran; Department of Public Health, School of Health, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran.Medical Cellular & Molecular Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran.Fish Innate Immune System Group, Department of Cell Biology and Histology, Faculty of Biology, University of Murcia, 30100, Murcia, Spain.Fish Innate Immune System Group, Department of Cell Biology and Histology, Faculty of Biology, University of Murcia, 30100, Murcia, Spain.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26439417

Citation

Hoseinifar, Seyed Hossein, et al. "Effects of Date Palm Fruit Extracts On Skin Mucosal Immunity, Immune Related Genes Expression and Growth Performance of Common Carp (Cyprinus Carpio) Fry." Fish & Shellfish Immunology, vol. 47, no. 2, 2015, pp. 706-11.
Hoseinifar SH, Khalili M, Rufchaei R, et al. Effects of date palm fruit extracts on skin mucosal immunity, immune related genes expression and growth performance of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) fry. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2015;47(2):706-11.
Hoseinifar, S. H., Khalili, M., Rufchaei, R., Raeisi, M., Attar, M., Cordero, H., & Esteban, M. Á. (2015). Effects of date palm fruit extracts on skin mucosal immunity, immune related genes expression and growth performance of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) fry. Fish & Shellfish Immunology, 47(2), 706-11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsi.2015.09.046
Hoseinifar SH, et al. Effects of Date Palm Fruit Extracts On Skin Mucosal Immunity, Immune Related Genes Expression and Growth Performance of Common Carp (Cyprinus Carpio) Fry. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2015;47(2):706-11. PubMed PMID: 26439417.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of date palm fruit extracts on skin mucosal immunity, immune related genes expression and growth performance of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) fry. AU - Hoseinifar,Seyed Hossein, AU - Khalili,Mohsen, AU - Rufchaei,Rudabeh, AU - Raeisi,Mojtaba, AU - Attar,Marzieh, AU - Cordero,Héctor, AU - Esteban,M Ángeles, Y1 - 2015/10/09/ PY - 2015/08/02/received PY - 2015/09/16/revised PY - 2015/09/29/accepted PY - 2015/10/7/entrez PY - 2015/10/7/pubmed PY - 2016/9/9/medline KW - Common carp (Cyprinus carpio) KW - Date palm extract KW - Gene expression KW - Growth KW - Skin mucosal immunity SP - 706 EP - 11 JF - Fish & shellfish immunology JO - Fish Shellfish Immunol VL - 47 IS - 2 N2 - The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of date palm fruit extracts (DPFE) on skin mucosal immunity, immune related genes expression and growth performance of fry common carp (Cyprinus carpio). One hundred and twenty specimens (4.06 ± 0.13 g) were supplied and allocated into six aquaria; specimens in three aquaria were fed non-supplemented diet (control) while the fish in the other 3 aquaria were fed with DPFE at 200 ml kg(-1). At the end of feeding trial (8 weeks) skin mucus immune parameters (total immunoglobulins, lysozyme, protease and alkaline phosphatase activity) and immune related gene expression (tumor necrosis factor α [tnfa], lysozyme [ly] and interleukin-1-beta, [il1b]) in the head-kidney were studied. The results revealed that feeding carp fry with 200 ml kg(-1) DPFE remarkably elevated the three skin mucus immune parameters tested (P < 0.05). However, evaluation of immune related gene expression demonstrated that the expression of tnfa and il1b was considerably decreased (P < 0.05) in fish fed DPFE diet, while the expression of ly remained similar (P > 0.05) compared to control fish (fed control diet). Furthermore, growth performance parameters were significantly improved in fry fed DPFE (P < 0.05). More studies are needed to understand different aspects of DPFE administration in fry mucosal immunity. SN - 1095-9947 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26439417/Effects_of_date_palm_fruit_extracts_on_skin_mucosal_immunity_immune_related_genes_expression_and_growth_performance_of_common_carp__Cyprinus_carpio__fry_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1050-4648(15)30170-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -