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Magnesium, Iron, and Zinc Supplementation for the Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Systematic Review on the Recent Literature.
Int J Prev Med 2015; 6:83IJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The etiology of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is not exactly known and its etiology is multifactorial. The usual treatment for these children is based on pharmacotherapy treatment, although the pharmacotherapy has a high effectiveness in ADHD treatment, it often causes different side effects. Existing evidence suggests that children who receive mineral supplement without considering their age and supplement formula may perform better on different behavioral tests compared with those receiving placebo.

METHODS

In this study, we tried to review the previous evidence regarding the effects of minerals in prevention and management of ADHD. We searched PubMed/Medline, Google Scholar, Ovid, Scopus, and ISI web of science up to June 2013. "iron," "iron supplementation," "magnesium," "magnesium supplementation," "zinc," "zinc supplementation," "attention deficit hyperactivity disorder" were used as the keywords. Totally 11 randomized controlled trials were eligible to be included in the systematic review.

RESULTS

Our review showed that we don't have any predominant evidence about using mineral supplementation on children with ADHD.

CONCLUSIONS

We need more evidence for indicating the effect of zinc, magnesium, and iron supplementation in the treatment of ADHD among children.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Food Security Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran ; Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Science, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.Food Security Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran ; Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Science, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26445630

Citation

Hariri, Mitra, and Leila Azadbakht. "Magnesium, Iron, and Zinc Supplementation for the Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: a Systematic Review On the Recent Literature." International Journal of Preventive Medicine, vol. 6, 2015, p. 83.
Hariri M, Azadbakht L. Magnesium, Iron, and Zinc Supplementation for the Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Systematic Review on the Recent Literature. Int J Prev Med. 2015;6:83.
Hariri, M., & Azadbakht, L. (2015). Magnesium, Iron, and Zinc Supplementation for the Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Systematic Review on the Recent Literature. International Journal of Preventive Medicine, 6, p. 83. doi:10.4103/2008-7802.164313.
Hariri M, Azadbakht L. Magnesium, Iron, and Zinc Supplementation for the Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: a Systematic Review On the Recent Literature. Int J Prev Med. 2015;6:83. PubMed PMID: 26445630.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Magnesium, Iron, and Zinc Supplementation for the Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Systematic Review on the Recent Literature. AU - Hariri,Mitra, AU - Azadbakht,Leila, Y1 - 2015/09/02/ PY - 2014/04/15/received PY - 2015/04/30/accepted PY - 2015/10/8/entrez PY - 2015/10/9/pubmed PY - 2015/10/9/medline KW - Attention deficient hyperactivity disorder KW - iron KW - magnesium KW - zinc SP - 83 EP - 83 JF - International journal of preventive medicine JO - Int J Prev Med VL - 6 N2 - BACKGROUND: The etiology of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is not exactly known and its etiology is multifactorial. The usual treatment for these children is based on pharmacotherapy treatment, although the pharmacotherapy has a high effectiveness in ADHD treatment, it often causes different side effects. Existing evidence suggests that children who receive mineral supplement without considering their age and supplement formula may perform better on different behavioral tests compared with those receiving placebo. METHODS: In this study, we tried to review the previous evidence regarding the effects of minerals in prevention and management of ADHD. We searched PubMed/Medline, Google Scholar, Ovid, Scopus, and ISI web of science up to June 2013. "iron," "iron supplementation," "magnesium," "magnesium supplementation," "zinc," "zinc supplementation," "attention deficit hyperactivity disorder" were used as the keywords. Totally 11 randomized controlled trials were eligible to be included in the systematic review. RESULTS: Our review showed that we don't have any predominant evidence about using mineral supplementation on children with ADHD. CONCLUSIONS: We need more evidence for indicating the effect of zinc, magnesium, and iron supplementation in the treatment of ADHD among children. SN - 2008-7802 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26445630/full_citation L2 - http://www.ijpvmjournal.net/article.asp?issn=2008-7802;year=2015;volume=6;issue=1;spage=83;epage=83;aulast=Hariri DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -