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Tan and thin? Associations between attitudes toward thinness, motives to tan and tanning behaviors in adolescent girls.
Psychol Health Med 2016; 21(5):618-24PH

Abstract

Tanning during adolescence increases skin cancer risk. Relatively few studies have examined the association between thinness attitudes and tanning attitudes and behaviors. The purpose of the current study was to examine psychosocial predictors of sunbathing and tanning bed use, specifically thin ideal internalization (TII) and motives for tanning among high school girls. Adolescent girls (N = 229) completed a 10-minute questionnaire designed to assess sunbathing and indoor tanning, TII and motives to tan (appearance, social and well-being). Hierarchical regression analyses showed that TII, β = .05, p < .05, appearance motives, β = .11, p < .01 and well-being motives, β = .11, p < .01 were all independently positively associated with sunbathing. Social motives were negatively associated with sunbathing, β = -.07, p < .05. A three-way interaction was found between the three types of motives on indoor tanning, in that appearance and well-being motives interacted to increase indoor tanning levels, especially among those who strongly endorsed social motives for tanning, β = .22, p < .05. Motives for tanning, specifically those associated with appearance and well-being, can interact to increase tanning bed use. When designing tailored interventions for skin cancer prevention in young people, researchers should consider tailoring based on motivation. Researchers and healthcare professionals who work with adolescents should attend to tanners who are motivated for both appearance and mood-related reasons, as they may be most at risk for tanning dependence and skin cancer.

Authors+Show Affiliations

a National Comprehensive Cancer Network , Fort Washington , PA , USA.b Cancer Prevention and Control , Fox Chase Cancer Center , Philadelphia , PA , USA.c Bloustein Center for Survey Research , Rutgers University , New Brunswick , NJ , USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26448364

Citation

Darlow, Susan D., et al. "Tan and Thin? Associations Between Attitudes Toward Thinness, Motives to Tan and Tanning Behaviors in Adolescent Girls." Psychology, Health & Medicine, vol. 21, no. 5, 2016, pp. 618-24.
Darlow SD, Heckman CJ, Munshi T. Tan and thin? Associations between attitudes toward thinness, motives to tan and tanning behaviors in adolescent girls. Psychol Health Med. 2016;21(5):618-24.
Darlow, S. D., Heckman, C. J., & Munshi, T. (2016). Tan and thin? Associations between attitudes toward thinness, motives to tan and tanning behaviors in adolescent girls. Psychology, Health & Medicine, 21(5), pp. 618-24. doi:10.1080/13548506.2015.1093643.
Darlow SD, Heckman CJ, Munshi T. Tan and Thin? Associations Between Attitudes Toward Thinness, Motives to Tan and Tanning Behaviors in Adolescent Girls. Psychol Health Med. 2016;21(5):618-24. PubMed PMID: 26448364.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Tan and thin? Associations between attitudes toward thinness, motives to tan and tanning behaviors in adolescent girls. AU - Darlow,Susan D, AU - Heckman,Carolyn J, AU - Munshi,Teja, Y1 - 2015/10/08/ PY - 2015/10/9/entrez PY - 2015/10/9/pubmed PY - 2017/2/22/medline KW - Body image KW - adolescence KW - attitudes KW - health behavior KW - skin cancer SP - 618 EP - 24 JF - Psychology, health & medicine JO - Psychol Health Med VL - 21 IS - 5 N2 - Tanning during adolescence increases skin cancer risk. Relatively few studies have examined the association between thinness attitudes and tanning attitudes and behaviors. The purpose of the current study was to examine psychosocial predictors of sunbathing and tanning bed use, specifically thin ideal internalization (TII) and motives for tanning among high school girls. Adolescent girls (N = 229) completed a 10-minute questionnaire designed to assess sunbathing and indoor tanning, TII and motives to tan (appearance, social and well-being). Hierarchical regression analyses showed that TII, β = .05, p < .05, appearance motives, β = .11, p < .01 and well-being motives, β = .11, p < .01 were all independently positively associated with sunbathing. Social motives were negatively associated with sunbathing, β = -.07, p < .05. A three-way interaction was found between the three types of motives on indoor tanning, in that appearance and well-being motives interacted to increase indoor tanning levels, especially among those who strongly endorsed social motives for tanning, β = .22, p < .05. Motives for tanning, specifically those associated with appearance and well-being, can interact to increase tanning bed use. When designing tailored interventions for skin cancer prevention in young people, researchers should consider tailoring based on motivation. Researchers and healthcare professionals who work with adolescents should attend to tanners who are motivated for both appearance and mood-related reasons, as they may be most at risk for tanning dependence and skin cancer. SN - 1465-3966 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26448364/Tan_and_thin_Associations_between_attitudes_toward_thinness_motives_to_tan_and_tanning_behaviors_in_adolescent_girls_ L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13548506.2015.1093643 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -