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Study of Facial Sebum Levels and Follicular Red Fluorescence in Patients with Acne Vulgaris in Nigeria.
Dermatology 2016; 232(2):156-61D

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Increased sebum levels are triggering factors of acne vulgaris. No studies on sebum levels exist among acne patients in Africa.

AIMS/METHODS

Cross-sectional study to determine facial sebum levels, acne lesions and red fluorescence among adolescents (n = 80) with acne vulgaris in Nigeria, who were interviewed and clinically examined.

RESULTS

Facial sebum levels were higher among adolescents with acne than among those without. There was a positive correlation between sebum levels and acne lesions in the U zone but not in the T zone. There was also a positive correlation between the size of red fluorescence and acne lesions and mean sebum levels. Both correlations were highly significant in the U zone but not in the T zone.

CONCLUSION

Facial sebum levels are higher among black African acne patients. Sebum is responsible for facial red fluorescence. The U zone may serve as a more reliable site than the T zone for measurements of sebum levels in black African acne patients.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Dermatology Unit, Department of Medicine, Federal Medical Centre, Keffi, Nigeria.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26452140

Citation

Okoro, Emeka O., et al. "Study of Facial Sebum Levels and Follicular Red Fluorescence in Patients With Acne Vulgaris in Nigeria." Dermatology (Basel, Switzerland), vol. 232, no. 2, 2016, pp. 156-61.
Okoro EO, Bulus NG, Zouboulis CC. Study of Facial Sebum Levels and Follicular Red Fluorescence in Patients with Acne Vulgaris in Nigeria. Dermatology (Basel). 2016;232(2):156-61.
Okoro, E. O., Bulus, N. G., & Zouboulis, C. C. (2016). Study of Facial Sebum Levels and Follicular Red Fluorescence in Patients with Acne Vulgaris in Nigeria. Dermatology (Basel, Switzerland), 232(2), pp. 156-61. doi:10.1159/000439378.
Okoro EO, Bulus NG, Zouboulis CC. Study of Facial Sebum Levels and Follicular Red Fluorescence in Patients With Acne Vulgaris in Nigeria. Dermatology (Basel). 2016;232(2):156-61. PubMed PMID: 26452140.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Study of Facial Sebum Levels and Follicular Red Fluorescence in Patients with Acne Vulgaris in Nigeria. AU - Okoro,Emeka O, AU - Bulus,Naya Gadzama, AU - Zouboulis,Christos C, Y1 - 2015/10/10/ PY - 2015/05/21/received PY - 2015/08/13/accepted PY - 2015/10/10/entrez PY - 2015/10/10/pubmed PY - 2017/1/12/medline SP - 156 EP - 61 JF - Dermatology (Basel, Switzerland) JO - Dermatology (Basel) VL - 232 IS - 2 N2 - BACKGROUND: Increased sebum levels are triggering factors of acne vulgaris. No studies on sebum levels exist among acne patients in Africa. AIMS/METHODS: Cross-sectional study to determine facial sebum levels, acne lesions and red fluorescence among adolescents (n = 80) with acne vulgaris in Nigeria, who were interviewed and clinically examined. RESULTS: Facial sebum levels were higher among adolescents with acne than among those without. There was a positive correlation between sebum levels and acne lesions in the U zone but not in the T zone. There was also a positive correlation between the size of red fluorescence and acne lesions and mean sebum levels. Both correlations were highly significant in the U zone but not in the T zone. CONCLUSION: Facial sebum levels are higher among black African acne patients. Sebum is responsible for facial red fluorescence. The U zone may serve as a more reliable site than the T zone for measurements of sebum levels in black African acne patients. SN - 1421-9832 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26452140/Study_of_Facial_Sebum_Levels_and_Follicular_Red_Fluorescence_in_Patients_with_Acne_Vulgaris_in_Nigeria_ L2 - https://www.karger.com?DOI=10.1159/000439378 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -