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Genome-wide systematic characterization of the bZIP transcriptional factor family in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.).
BMC Genomics. 2015 Oct 12; 16:771.BG

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Transcription factors of the basic leucine zipper (bZIP) family represent exclusively in eukaryotes and have been shown to regulate diverse biological processes in plant growth and development as well as in abiotic and biotic stress responses. However, little is known about the bZIP family in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.).

METHODS

The SlbZIP genes were identified using local BLAST and hidden Markov model profile searches. The phylogenetic trees, conserved motifs and gene structures were generated by MEGA6.06, MEME tool and gene Structure Display Server, respectively. The syntenic block diagrams were generated by the Circos software. The transcriptional gene expression profiles were obtained using Genevestigator tool and quantitative RT-PCR.

RESULTS

In the present study, we carried out a genome-wide identification and systematic analyses of 69 SlbZIP genes that distributes unevenly on the tomato chromosomes. This family can be divided into 9 groups according to the phylogenetic relationship among the SlbZIP proteins. Six kinds of intron patterns (a-f) within the basic and hinge regions are defined. The additional conserved motifs and their presence of the group specificity were also identified. Further, we predicted the DNA-binding patterns and the dimerization property on the basis of the characteristic features in the basic and hinge regions and the leucine zipper, respectively, which supports our classification greatly and helps to classify 24 distinct subfamilies. Within the SlbZIP family, a total of 40 SlbZIP genes are located in the segmental duplicate regions in the tomato genome, suggesting that the segment chromosomal duplications contribute greatly to the expansion of the tomato SlbZIP family. Expression profiling analyses of 59 SlbZIP genes using quantitative RT-PCR and publicly available microarray data indicate that the tomato SlbZIP genes have distinct and diverse expression patterns in different tissues and developmental stages and many of the tomato bZIP genes might be involved in responses to various abiotic and biotic stresses as well as in response to light.

CONCLUSIONS

This genome-wide systematic characterization identified a total of 69 members in the SlbZIP family and the analyses of the protein features and gene expression patterns provide useful clues for further functional characterization of the bZIP transcription factors in tomato.

Authors+Show Affiliations

State Key Laboratory for Rice Biology, Institute of Biotechnology, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310058, China.Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Purdue University, 915 W. State Street, West Lafayette, IN, 47907, USA.State Key Laboratory for Rice Biology, Institute of Biotechnology, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310058, China.State Key Laboratory for Rice Biology, Institute of Biotechnology, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310058, China. fmsong@zju.edu.cn.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26459863

Citation

Li, Dayong, et al. "Genome-wide Systematic Characterization of the bZIP Transcriptional Factor Family in Tomato (Solanum Lycopersicum L.)." BMC Genomics, vol. 16, 2015, p. 771.
Li D, Fu F, Zhang H, et al. Genome-wide systematic characterization of the bZIP transcriptional factor family in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.). BMC Genomics. 2015;16:771.
Li, D., Fu, F., Zhang, H., & Song, F. (2015). Genome-wide systematic characterization of the bZIP transcriptional factor family in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.). BMC Genomics, 16, 771. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12864-015-1990-6
Li D, et al. Genome-wide Systematic Characterization of the bZIP Transcriptional Factor Family in Tomato (Solanum Lycopersicum L.). BMC Genomics. 2015 Oct 12;16:771. PubMed PMID: 26459863.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Genome-wide systematic characterization of the bZIP transcriptional factor family in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.). AU - Li,Dayong, AU - Fu,Fuyou, AU - Zhang,Huijuan, AU - Song,Fengming, Y1 - 2015/10/12/ PY - 2015/04/16/received PY - 2015/10/06/accepted PY - 2015/10/14/entrez PY - 2015/10/16/pubmed PY - 2016/6/9/medline SP - 771 EP - 771 JF - BMC genomics JO - BMC Genomics VL - 16 N2 - BACKGROUND: Transcription factors of the basic leucine zipper (bZIP) family represent exclusively in eukaryotes and have been shown to regulate diverse biological processes in plant growth and development as well as in abiotic and biotic stress responses. However, little is known about the bZIP family in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.). METHODS: The SlbZIP genes were identified using local BLAST and hidden Markov model profile searches. The phylogenetic trees, conserved motifs and gene structures were generated by MEGA6.06, MEME tool and gene Structure Display Server, respectively. The syntenic block diagrams were generated by the Circos software. The transcriptional gene expression profiles were obtained using Genevestigator tool and quantitative RT-PCR. RESULTS: In the present study, we carried out a genome-wide identification and systematic analyses of 69 SlbZIP genes that distributes unevenly on the tomato chromosomes. This family can be divided into 9 groups according to the phylogenetic relationship among the SlbZIP proteins. Six kinds of intron patterns (a-f) within the basic and hinge regions are defined. The additional conserved motifs and their presence of the group specificity were also identified. Further, we predicted the DNA-binding patterns and the dimerization property on the basis of the characteristic features in the basic and hinge regions and the leucine zipper, respectively, which supports our classification greatly and helps to classify 24 distinct subfamilies. Within the SlbZIP family, a total of 40 SlbZIP genes are located in the segmental duplicate regions in the tomato genome, suggesting that the segment chromosomal duplications contribute greatly to the expansion of the tomato SlbZIP family. Expression profiling analyses of 59 SlbZIP genes using quantitative RT-PCR and publicly available microarray data indicate that the tomato SlbZIP genes have distinct and diverse expression patterns in different tissues and developmental stages and many of the tomato bZIP genes might be involved in responses to various abiotic and biotic stresses as well as in response to light. CONCLUSIONS: This genome-wide systematic characterization identified a total of 69 members in the SlbZIP family and the analyses of the protein features and gene expression patterns provide useful clues for further functional characterization of the bZIP transcription factors in tomato. SN - 1471-2164 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26459863/Genome_wide_systematic_characterization_of_the_bZIP_transcriptional_factor_family_in_tomato__Solanum_lycopersicum_L___ L2 - https://bmcgenomics.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12864-015-1990-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -