Bisphenol A suppresses Th1-type immune response in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells in vitro.Immunol Lett. 2015 Dec; 168(2):285-92.IL
Bisphenol A (BPA) is a widely used plasticizer, which came into focus because of its genotoxic and sensitizing potential. Besides its toxic properties, BPA is also well-known for its antioxidant chemical properties. This in vitro study investigated the interference of BPA with interferon-γ (IFN-γ)-induced tryptophan breakdown and neopterin production in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). The pro-inflammatory cytokine IFN-γ induces the conversion of the essential amino acid tryptophan into kynurenine via the enzyme indoleamine-2,3-dioxygenase (IDO-1). In parallel, GTP-cyclohydrolase produces neopterin, a marker of immune activation. A model system of phytohaemagglutinin (PHA)-stimulated PBMC was used to assess potential immunomodulatory properties of BPA. Treatment of cells with BPA [12.5-200μM] resulted in a significant and dose-dependent suppression of mitogen-induced tryptophan breakdown and neopterin formation along with a decrease of IFN-γ levels. Similar but less pronounced effects were observed in unstimulated cells. We postulate that the inhibitory effects of BPA on both T-cell activation and IDO-1 activity that we describe here may be critical for immune surveillance and is likely to influence T helper (Th) type 1/Th2 balance. Such immunosuppressive effects likely contribute to counteract inflammation. Further studies are required to address the in vivo relevance our in vitro findings.