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Risk indicators for tooth loss in Kiriri Adult Indians: a cross-sectional study.
Int Dent J. 2015 Dec; 65(6):316-21.ID

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the risk indicators of tooth loss in adult Kiriri Indians from Brazil.

METHODS

A representative sample of 225 Indians (≥ 19 years of age) was assessed. Interviews using a structured written questionnaire were performed to collect data on demographics and socio-economic status, and health-related data. Probing depth, the distance between the cement-enamel junction and the free gingival margin, and decayed, missing or filled teeth were evaluated. Bivariate and logistic models were used to assess associations between tooth loss and age, sex, income, education, diabetic status, smoking habits, dental caries, severe periodontitis, plaque index and previous dental visit.

RESULTS

Eighty per cent of subjects had lost one tooth or more, and 20% had lost eight teeth or more. Mean (± standard deviation) tooth loss was 5.09 (± 5.83) teeth. After adjustment for covariates, loss of one tooth or more was associated with older age [≥ 35 years; odds ratio (OR) = 4.06, 95% confidence interval (95% CI): 1.38-11.94, P = 0.01], severe periodontitis (OR = 3.35, 95% CI: 0.99-11.24, P = 0.05), higher dental caries (OR = 3.24, 95% CI: 1.35-7.78, P = 0.01) and previous dental visit (OR = 23.32, 95% CI: 5.75-94.63, P < 0.001).

CONCLUSION

Tooth loss is highly prevalent in Kiriri Indians. Older age, severe periodontitis, higher caries index and previous dental visit were associated with tooth loss. Prevention and treatment programmes, targeting high-risk groups, are required to promote the oral health of the population.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Oral Pathology, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Brazil.Department of Oral Pathology, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Brazil.Department of Oral Pathology, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Brazil.Department of Social Dentistry, School of Dentistry of the Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Brazil.Department of Social Dentistry, School of Dentistry of the Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Brazil.Department of Periodontics, School of Dentistry of the Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Brazil.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26481295

Citation

Ribeiro, Livia S F E., et al. "Risk Indicators for Tooth Loss in Kiriri Adult Indians: a Cross-sectional Study." International Dental Journal, vol. 65, no. 6, 2015, pp. 316-21.
Ribeiro LS, Dos Santos JN, Ramalho LM, et al. Risk indicators for tooth loss in Kiriri Adult Indians: a cross-sectional study. Int Dent J. 2015;65(6):316-21.
Ribeiro, L. S., Dos Santos, J. N., Ramalho, L. M., Chaves, S., Figueiredo, A. L., & Cury, P. R. (2015). Risk indicators for tooth loss in Kiriri Adult Indians: a cross-sectional study. International Dental Journal, 65(6), 316-21. https://doi.org/10.1111/idj.12187
Ribeiro LS, et al. Risk Indicators for Tooth Loss in Kiriri Adult Indians: a Cross-sectional Study. Int Dent J. 2015;65(6):316-21. PubMed PMID: 26481295.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Risk indicators for tooth loss in Kiriri Adult Indians: a cross-sectional study. AU - Ribeiro,Livia S F E, AU - Dos Santos,Jean N, AU - Ramalho,Luciana M P, AU - Chaves,Sonia, AU - Figueiredo,Andreia Leal, AU - Cury,Patricia Ramos, Y1 - 2015/10/19/ PY - 2015/10/21/entrez PY - 2015/10/21/pubmed PY - 2016/2/13/medline KW - Indians KW - South America KW - Tooth loss KW - cross-sectional study KW - dental caries KW - periodontal disease SP - 316 EP - 21 JF - International dental journal JO - Int Dent J VL - 65 IS - 6 N2 - BACKGROUND: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the risk indicators of tooth loss in adult Kiriri Indians from Brazil. METHODS: A representative sample of 225 Indians (≥ 19 years of age) was assessed. Interviews using a structured written questionnaire were performed to collect data on demographics and socio-economic status, and health-related data. Probing depth, the distance between the cement-enamel junction and the free gingival margin, and decayed, missing or filled teeth were evaluated. Bivariate and logistic models were used to assess associations between tooth loss and age, sex, income, education, diabetic status, smoking habits, dental caries, severe periodontitis, plaque index and previous dental visit. RESULTS: Eighty per cent of subjects had lost one tooth or more, and 20% had lost eight teeth or more. Mean (± standard deviation) tooth loss was 5.09 (± 5.83) teeth. After adjustment for covariates, loss of one tooth or more was associated with older age [≥ 35 years; odds ratio (OR) = 4.06, 95% confidence interval (95% CI): 1.38-11.94, P = 0.01], severe periodontitis (OR = 3.35, 95% CI: 0.99-11.24, P = 0.05), higher dental caries (OR = 3.24, 95% CI: 1.35-7.78, P = 0.01) and previous dental visit (OR = 23.32, 95% CI: 5.75-94.63, P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Tooth loss is highly prevalent in Kiriri Indians. Older age, severe periodontitis, higher caries index and previous dental visit were associated with tooth loss. Prevention and treatment programmes, targeting high-risk groups, are required to promote the oral health of the population. SN - 0020-6539 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26481295/Risk_indicators_for_tooth_loss_in_Kiriri_Adult_Indians:_a_cross_sectional_study_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/idj.12187 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -