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Face and content validity of a virtual-reality simulator for myringotomy with tube placement.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Myringotomy with tube insertion can be challenging for junior Otolaryngology residents as it is one of the first microscopic procedures they encounter. The Western myringotomy simulator was developed to allow trainees to practice microscope positioning, myringotomy, and tube placement. This virtual-reality simulator is viewed in stereoscopic 3D, and a haptic device is used to manipulate the digital ear model and surgical tools.

OBJECTIVE

To assess the face and content validity of the Western myringotomy simulator.

METHODS

The myringotomy simulator was integrated with new modules to allow speculum placement, manipulation of an operative microscope, and insertion of the ventilation tube through a deformable tympanic membrane. A questionnaire was developed in consultation with instructing surgeons. Fourteen face validity questions focused on the anatomy of the ear, simulation of the operative microscope, appearance and movement of the surgical instruments, deformation and cutting of the eardrum, and myringotomy tube insertion. Six content validity questions focused on training potential on surgical tasks such as speculum placement, microscope positioning, tool navigation, ear anatomy, myringotomy creation and tube insertion. A total of 12 participants from the Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery were recruited for the study. Prior to completing the questionnaire, participants were oriented to the simulator and given unlimited time to practice until they were comfortable with all of its aspects.

RESULTS

Responses to 12 of the 14 questions on face validity were predominantly positive. One issue of concern was with contact modeling related to tube insertion into the eardrum, and the second was with the movement of the blade and forceps. The former could be resolved by using a higher resolution digital model for the eardrum to improve contact localization. The latter could be resolved by using a higher fidelity haptic device. With regard to content validity, 64% of the responses were positive, 21% were neutral, and 15% were negative.

CONCLUSIONS

The Western myringotomy simulator appears to have sufficient face and content validity. Further development with automated metrics and skills transference testing is planned.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Western University, London, ON, Canada. chuang97@uwo.ca.Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, Western University, London, ON, Canada. Horace.Cheng@lhsc.on.ca.Lawson Health Research Institute, London, ON, Canada. ybureau@lawsonimaging.ca. Department of Medical Biophysics, Western University, London, ON, Canada. ybureau@lawsonimaging.ca.Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Western University, London, ON, Canada. Sumit.Agrawal@lhsc.on.ca. Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, Western University, London, ON, Canada. Sumit.Agrawal@lhsc.on.ca. London Health Sciences Centre, Room B1-333, University Hospital, 339 Windermere Rd., London, N6A 5A5, ON, Canada. Sumit.Agrawal@lhsc.on.ca.Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Western University, London, ON, Canada. hladak@uwo.ca. Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, Western University, London, ON, Canada. hladak@uwo.ca. Biomedical Engineering Graduate Program, Western University, London, ON, Canada. hladak@uwo.ca. Department of Medical Biophysics, Western University, London, ON, Canada. hladak@uwo.ca.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26481401

Citation

Huang, Caiwen, et al. "Face and Content Validity of a Virtual-reality Simulator for Myringotomy With Tube Placement." Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery = Le Journal D'oto-rhino-laryngologie Et De Chirurgie Cervico-faciale, vol. 44, 2015, p. 40.
Huang C, Cheng H, Bureau Y, et al. Face and content validity of a virtual-reality simulator for myringotomy with tube placement. J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2015;44:40.
Huang, C., Cheng, H., Bureau, Y., Agrawal, S. K., & Ladak, H. M. (2015). Face and content validity of a virtual-reality simulator for myringotomy with tube placement. Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery = Le Journal D'oto-rhino-laryngologie Et De Chirurgie Cervico-faciale, 44, p. 40. doi:10.1186/s40463-015-0094-2.
Huang C, et al. Face and Content Validity of a Virtual-reality Simulator for Myringotomy With Tube Placement. J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2015 Oct 20;44:40. PubMed PMID: 26481401.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Face and content validity of a virtual-reality simulator for myringotomy with tube placement. AU - Huang,Caiwen, AU - Cheng,Horace, AU - Bureau,Yves, AU - Agrawal,Sumit K, AU - Ladak,Hanif M, Y1 - 2015/10/20/ PY - 2015/05/18/received PY - 2015/10/12/accepted PY - 2015/10/21/entrez PY - 2015/10/21/pubmed PY - 2016/7/7/medline SP - 40 EP - 40 JF - Journal of otolaryngology - head & neck surgery = Le Journal d'oto-rhino-laryngologie et de chirurgie cervico-faciale JO - J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg VL - 44 N2 - BACKGROUND: Myringotomy with tube insertion can be challenging for junior Otolaryngology residents as it is one of the first microscopic procedures they encounter. The Western myringotomy simulator was developed to allow trainees to practice microscope positioning, myringotomy, and tube placement. This virtual-reality simulator is viewed in stereoscopic 3D, and a haptic device is used to manipulate the digital ear model and surgical tools. OBJECTIVE: To assess the face and content validity of the Western myringotomy simulator. METHODS: The myringotomy simulator was integrated with new modules to allow speculum placement, manipulation of an operative microscope, and insertion of the ventilation tube through a deformable tympanic membrane. A questionnaire was developed in consultation with instructing surgeons. Fourteen face validity questions focused on the anatomy of the ear, simulation of the operative microscope, appearance and movement of the surgical instruments, deformation and cutting of the eardrum, and myringotomy tube insertion. Six content validity questions focused on training potential on surgical tasks such as speculum placement, microscope positioning, tool navigation, ear anatomy, myringotomy creation and tube insertion. A total of 12 participants from the Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery were recruited for the study. Prior to completing the questionnaire, participants were oriented to the simulator and given unlimited time to practice until they were comfortable with all of its aspects. RESULTS: Responses to 12 of the 14 questions on face validity were predominantly positive. One issue of concern was with contact modeling related to tube insertion into the eardrum, and the second was with the movement of the blade and forceps. The former could be resolved by using a higher resolution digital model for the eardrum to improve contact localization. The latter could be resolved by using a higher fidelity haptic device. With regard to content validity, 64% of the responses were positive, 21% were neutral, and 15% were negative. CONCLUSIONS: The Western myringotomy simulator appears to have sufficient face and content validity. Further development with automated metrics and skills transference testing is planned. SN - 1916-0216 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26481401/Face_and_content_validity_of_a_virtual_reality_simulator_for_myringotomy_with_tube_placement_ L2 - https://journalotohns.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s40463-015-0094-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -