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The dampening effect of employees' future orientation on cyberloafing behaviors: the mediating role of self-control.
Front Psychol. 2015; 6:1482.FP

Abstract

Previous studies on reducing employees' cyberloafing behaviors have primarily examined the external control factors but seldomly taken individual internal subjective factors into consideration. Future orientation, an important individual factor, is defined as the extent to which one plans for future time and considers future consequences of one's current behavior. To explore further whether and how employees' future orientation can dampen their cyberloafing behaviors, two studies were conducted to examine the relationship between employees' future orientation and cyberloafing behaviors. The mediation effect of employees' objective and subjective self-control between them was also examined. In Study 1, a set of questionnaires was completed, and the results revealed that the relationship between employees' future orientation and cyberloafing behaviors was negative, and objective self-control mediated the relationship. Next, we conducted a priming experiment (Study 2) to examine the causal relationship and psychological mechanism between employees' future orientation and cyberloafing behaviors. The results demonstrated that employees' future-orientation dampened their attitudes and intentions to engage in cyberloafing, and subjective self-control mediated this dampening effect. Theoretical and practical implications of these findings are also discussed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Psychology, Beijing Normal University Beijing, China.School of Psychology, Beijing Normal University Beijing, China.Department of Educational Psychology, Purdue University, West Lafayette IN, USA.School of Psychology, Beijing Normal University Beijing, China.School of Psychology, Beijing Normal University Beijing, China.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26483735

Citation

Zhang, Heyun, et al. "The Dampening Effect of Employees' Future Orientation On Cyberloafing Behaviors: the Mediating Role of Self-control." Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 6, 2015, p. 1482.
Zhang H, Zhao H, Liu J, et al. The dampening effect of employees' future orientation on cyberloafing behaviors: the mediating role of self-control. Front Psychol. 2015;6:1482.
Zhang, H., Zhao, H., Liu, J., Xu, Y., & Lu, H. (2015). The dampening effect of employees' future orientation on cyberloafing behaviors: the mediating role of self-control. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 1482. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01482
Zhang H, et al. The Dampening Effect of Employees' Future Orientation On Cyberloafing Behaviors: the Mediating Role of Self-control. Front Psychol. 2015;6:1482. PubMed PMID: 26483735.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The dampening effect of employees' future orientation on cyberloafing behaviors: the mediating role of self-control. AU - Zhang,Heyun, AU - Zhao,Huanhuan, AU - Liu,Jingxuan, AU - Xu,Yan, AU - Lu,Hui, Y1 - 2015/09/29/ PY - 2015/07/14/received PY - 2015/09/15/accepted PY - 2015/10/21/entrez PY - 2015/10/21/pubmed PY - 2015/10/21/medline KW - cyberloafing KW - employees KW - future orientation KW - mediation effect KW - self-control SP - 1482 EP - 1482 JF - Frontiers in psychology JO - Front Psychol VL - 6 N2 - Previous studies on reducing employees' cyberloafing behaviors have primarily examined the external control factors but seldomly taken individual internal subjective factors into consideration. Future orientation, an important individual factor, is defined as the extent to which one plans for future time and considers future consequences of one's current behavior. To explore further whether and how employees' future orientation can dampen their cyberloafing behaviors, two studies were conducted to examine the relationship between employees' future orientation and cyberloafing behaviors. The mediation effect of employees' objective and subjective self-control between them was also examined. In Study 1, a set of questionnaires was completed, and the results revealed that the relationship between employees' future orientation and cyberloafing behaviors was negative, and objective self-control mediated the relationship. Next, we conducted a priming experiment (Study 2) to examine the causal relationship and psychological mechanism between employees' future orientation and cyberloafing behaviors. The results demonstrated that employees' future-orientation dampened their attitudes and intentions to engage in cyberloafing, and subjective self-control mediated this dampening effect. Theoretical and practical implications of these findings are also discussed. SN - 1664-1078 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26483735/The_dampening_effect_of_employees'_future_orientation_on_cyberloafing_behaviors:_the_mediating_role_of_self_control_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01482 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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