Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and hyperandrogenism: the role of a new natural association.Minerva Ginecol 2015; 67(5):457-63MG
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) affects 5-10% of women of childbearing age and manifests itself through oligomenorrhea, anovulation, hirsutism, micro-polycystic ovaries. Insulin resistance is a characteristic of PCOS patients and is more pronounced in obese patients. Insulin resistance and consequent hyperinsulinemia are related to many aspects of the syndrome such as hyperandrogenism, reproductive disorders, acne and hirsutism. In the long-term it may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and negatively affect lipid profile and blood pressure. Changes in lifestyle and diet can partially improve these aspects. The use of insulin-sensitizing drugs such as metformin often normalises the menstrual cycle, improving hyperandrogenism and, subsequently, the response to ovulation induction therapies. New molecules have recently been marketed, that produce the same results, but without the side-effects. One of these is myo-inositol, a new insulin-sensitizing molecule which has been successfully administered to women suffering from PCOS. Associations between inositol and other compounds that can increase the therapeutic effect have been proposed. Of these, we found to be interesting the association with monacolin K, a natural statin that reduces cholesterol levels starting point of the synthesis of steroids, including androgens, and lipoic acid, known for its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and insulin-sensitizing activity. We decided to assess the efficacy of the product.
We recruited 30 women aged between 24 and 32 years suffering from PCOS with insulin resistance, HOMA index>2.5 and no other endocrine diseases. The following were assessed: Body Mass Index (BMI), characteristics of menstrual cycles, lipid profile (total cholesterol, and HDL), androgens (total testosterone and androstenedione). The patients were also assessed for the degree of hirsutism using the Ferriman-Gallwey Score>8. The subjects were divided into two groups: Group A, treated with an association of 1 g myo-inositol, 5 mg monacolin K and 400 mg lipoic acid for 6 months; Group B, treated with a double dosage of 2 g myo-inositol, 10 mg monacolin K, 800 mg lipoic acid for 6 months.
The results have shown good efficacy of both dosages, although women treated with a double dosage of myo-inositol, monacolin K and lipoic acid showed a significantly greater improvement in terms of lipid parameters and those connected with hyperandrogenism.
This new myo-inositol, monacolin K and lipoic acid association contains appropriate substances to contrast various etiopathogenic elements responsible for the onset of PCOS and the symptoms of hyperandrogenism and dyslipidemia related to it.