Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Allergic rhinitis, rhinoconjunctivitis and hayfever symptoms among children are associated with frequency of truck traffic near residences: a cross sectional study.
Environ Health. 2015 Oct 26; 14:84.EH

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Allergic rhinitis (AR) is an increasing and common condition affecting many people globally, especially children. The aim of the study was to investigate the association between the frequency of truck traffic and allergic rhinitis symptoms, rhinoconjunctivitis and hayfever among 13 to 14 year old school children in Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality, Gauteng Province, South Africa.

METHODS

In a cross-sectional study design, 3764 children from 16 randomly selected high schools were eligible to participate, 3468 completed the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) Phase I questionnaire of which 3424 were suitable for analysis; the overall response rate was 92%. Data were analysed using multilevel logistic regression analysis.

RESULTS

The prevalence of self-reported rhinitis ever, current rhinitis rhinoconjunctivitis and hayfever was 52, 40, 21 and 37% respectively. Rhinitis ever, current rhinitis and current rhinoconjunctivitis were significantly associated with the frequency of trucks passing near residences almost all day on weekdays, (OR 1.46 95% CI: 1.16 - 1.84), (OR 1.60 95% CI: 1.24-2.02) and (OR 1.42 95% CI: 1.09-1.84) respectively. No association was observed between truck traffic and hay fever in the multiple analyses.

CONCLUSION

The study shows a high prevalence of allergic rhinitis symptoms amongst children. The results support the hypothesis that traffic related pollution plays a role in the prevalence of allergic rhinitis symptoms in children residing in the area.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Environmental Health, Tshwane University of Technology, Private Bag X680, Pretoria, 0001, South Africa. shirindej@tut.ac.za.School of Health Systems and Public Health, Health Sciences Faculty, University of Pretoria, P.O. Box 667, Pretoria, 0001, South Africa. janine.wichmann@up.ac.za.School of Health Systems and Public Health, Health Sciences Faculty, University of Pretoria, P.O. Box 667, Pretoria, 0001, South Africa. Kuku.Voyi@up.ac.za.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26503217

Citation

Shirinde, Joyce, et al. "Allergic Rhinitis, Rhinoconjunctivitis and Hayfever Symptoms Among Children Are Associated With Frequency of Truck Traffic Near Residences: a Cross Sectional Study." Environmental Health : a Global Access Science Source, vol. 14, 2015, p. 84.
Shirinde J, Wichmann J, Voyi K. Allergic rhinitis, rhinoconjunctivitis and hayfever symptoms among children are associated with frequency of truck traffic near residences: a cross sectional study. Environ Health. 2015;14:84.
Shirinde, J., Wichmann, J., & Voyi, K. (2015). Allergic rhinitis, rhinoconjunctivitis and hayfever symptoms among children are associated with frequency of truck traffic near residences: a cross sectional study. Environmental Health : a Global Access Science Source, 14, 84. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12940-015-0072-1
Shirinde J, Wichmann J, Voyi K. Allergic Rhinitis, Rhinoconjunctivitis and Hayfever Symptoms Among Children Are Associated With Frequency of Truck Traffic Near Residences: a Cross Sectional Study. Environ Health. 2015 Oct 26;14:84. PubMed PMID: 26503217.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Allergic rhinitis, rhinoconjunctivitis and hayfever symptoms among children are associated with frequency of truck traffic near residences: a cross sectional study. AU - Shirinde,Joyce, AU - Wichmann,Janine, AU - Voyi,Kuku, Y1 - 2015/10/26/ PY - 2015/04/09/received PY - 2015/10/21/accepted PY - 2015/10/28/entrez PY - 2015/10/28/pubmed PY - 2016/5/12/medline SP - 84 EP - 84 JF - Environmental health : a global access science source JO - Environ Health VL - 14 N2 - BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is an increasing and common condition affecting many people globally, especially children. The aim of the study was to investigate the association between the frequency of truck traffic and allergic rhinitis symptoms, rhinoconjunctivitis and hayfever among 13 to 14 year old school children in Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality, Gauteng Province, South Africa. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study design, 3764 children from 16 randomly selected high schools were eligible to participate, 3468 completed the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) Phase I questionnaire of which 3424 were suitable for analysis; the overall response rate was 92%. Data were analysed using multilevel logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: The prevalence of self-reported rhinitis ever, current rhinitis rhinoconjunctivitis and hayfever was 52, 40, 21 and 37% respectively. Rhinitis ever, current rhinitis and current rhinoconjunctivitis were significantly associated with the frequency of trucks passing near residences almost all day on weekdays, (OR 1.46 95% CI: 1.16 - 1.84), (OR 1.60 95% CI: 1.24-2.02) and (OR 1.42 95% CI: 1.09-1.84) respectively. No association was observed between truck traffic and hay fever in the multiple analyses. CONCLUSION: The study shows a high prevalence of allergic rhinitis symptoms amongst children. The results support the hypothesis that traffic related pollution plays a role in the prevalence of allergic rhinitis symptoms in children residing in the area. SN - 1476-069X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26503217/Allergic_rhinitis_rhinoconjunctivitis_and_hayfever_symptoms_among_children_are_associated_with_frequency_of_truck_traffic_near_residences:_a_cross_sectional_study_ L2 - https://ehjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12940-015-0072-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -