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Intake of macro- and micronutrients in Danish vegans.
Nutr J. 2015 Oct 30; 14:115.NJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Since information about macro- and micronutrient intake among vegans is limited we aimed to determine and evaluate their dietary and supplementary intake.

METHODS

Seventy 18-61 years old Danish vegans completed a four-day weighed food record from which their daily intake of macro- and micronutrients was assessed and subsequently compared to an age-range-matched group of 1,257 omnivorous individuals from the general Danish population. Moreover, the vegan dietary and supplementary intake was compared to the 2012 Nordic Nutrition Recommendations (NNR).

RESULTS

Dietary intake differed significantly between vegans and the general Danish population in all measured macro- and micronutrients (p < 0.05), except for energy intake among women and intake of carbohydrates among men. For vegans the intake of macro- and micronutrients (including supplements) did not reach the NNR for protein, vitamin D, iodine and selenium. Among vegan women vitamin A intake also failed to reach the recommendations. With reference to the NNR, the dietary content of added sugar, sodium and fatty acids, including the ratio of PUFA to SFA, was more favorable among vegans.

CONCLUSIONS

At the macronutrient level, the diet of Danish vegans is in better accordance with the NNR than the diet of the general Danish population. At the micronutrient level, considering both diet and supplements, the vegan diet falls short in certain nutrients, suggesting a need for greater attention toward ensuring recommended daily intake of specific vitamins and minerals.

Authors+Show Affiliations

The Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Basic Metabolic Research, Section of Metabolic Genetics, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 1, 2nd floor, DK-2100, Copenhagen Ø, Denmark. nadja@sund.ku.dk.The Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Basic Metabolic Research, Section of Metabolic Genetics, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 1, 2nd floor, DK-2100, Copenhagen Ø, Denmark. mlm@sund.ku.dk.The Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Basic Metabolic Research, Section of Metabolic Genetics, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 1, 2nd floor, DK-2100, Copenhagen Ø, Denmark. tuehhansen@sund.ku.dk.The Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Basic Metabolic Research, Section of Metabolic Genetics, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 1, 2nd floor, DK-2100, Copenhagen Ø, Denmark. kristine.allin@sund.ku.dk.Division of Risk Assessment and Nutriton, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Kongens Lyngby, Denmark. camho@food.dtu.dk.Division of Risk Assessment and Nutriton, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Kongens Lyngby, Denmark. sisfa@food.dtu.dk.Division of Risk Assessment and Nutriton, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Kongens Lyngby, Denmark. mia-lausten@hotmail.com.The Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Basic Metabolic Research, Section of Metabolic Genetics, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 1, 2nd floor, DK-2100, Copenhagen Ø, Denmark. rigl@novonordisk.com.The Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Basic Metabolic Research, Section of Metabolic Genetics, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 1, 2nd floor, DK-2100, Copenhagen Ø, Denmark. henrik.vestergaard@sund.ku.dk.The Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Basic Metabolic Research, Section of Metabolic Genetics, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 1, 2nd floor, DK-2100, Copenhagen Ø, Denmark. torben.hansen@sund.ku.dk.The Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Basic Metabolic Research, Section of Metabolic Genetics, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 1, 2nd floor, DK-2100, Copenhagen Ø, Denmark. oluf@sund.ku.dk.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26518233

Citation

Kristensen, Nadja B., et al. "Intake of Macro- and Micronutrients in Danish Vegans." Nutrition Journal, vol. 14, 2015, p. 115.
Kristensen NB, Madsen ML, Hansen TH, et al. Intake of macro- and micronutrients in Danish vegans. Nutr J. 2015;14:115.
Kristensen, N. B., Madsen, M. L., Hansen, T. H., Allin, K. H., Hoppe, C., Fagt, S., Lausten, M. S., Gøbel, R. J., Vestergaard, H., Hansen, T., & Pedersen, O. (2015). Intake of macro- and micronutrients in Danish vegans. Nutrition Journal, 14, 115. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12937-015-0103-3
Kristensen NB, et al. Intake of Macro- and Micronutrients in Danish Vegans. Nutr J. 2015 Oct 30;14:115. PubMed PMID: 26518233.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Intake of macro- and micronutrients in Danish vegans. AU - Kristensen,Nadja B, AU - Madsen,Mia L, AU - Hansen,Tue H, AU - Allin,Kristine H, AU - Hoppe,Camilla, AU - Fagt,Sisse, AU - Lausten,Mia S, AU - Gøbel,Rikke J, AU - Vestergaard,Henrik, AU - Hansen,Torben, AU - Pedersen,Oluf, Y1 - 2015/10/30/ PY - 2015/07/09/received PY - 2015/10/12/accepted PY - 2015/11/1/entrez PY - 2015/11/1/pubmed PY - 2016/8/1/medline SP - 115 EP - 115 JF - Nutrition journal JO - Nutr J VL - 14 N2 - BACKGROUND: Since information about macro- and micronutrient intake among vegans is limited we aimed to determine and evaluate their dietary and supplementary intake. METHODS: Seventy 18-61 years old Danish vegans completed a four-day weighed food record from which their daily intake of macro- and micronutrients was assessed and subsequently compared to an age-range-matched group of 1,257 omnivorous individuals from the general Danish population. Moreover, the vegan dietary and supplementary intake was compared to the 2012 Nordic Nutrition Recommendations (NNR). RESULTS: Dietary intake differed significantly between vegans and the general Danish population in all measured macro- and micronutrients (p < 0.05), except for energy intake among women and intake of carbohydrates among men. For vegans the intake of macro- and micronutrients (including supplements) did not reach the NNR for protein, vitamin D, iodine and selenium. Among vegan women vitamin A intake also failed to reach the recommendations. With reference to the NNR, the dietary content of added sugar, sodium and fatty acids, including the ratio of PUFA to SFA, was more favorable among vegans. CONCLUSIONS: At the macronutrient level, the diet of Danish vegans is in better accordance with the NNR than the diet of the general Danish population. At the micronutrient level, considering both diet and supplements, the vegan diet falls short in certain nutrients, suggesting a need for greater attention toward ensuring recommended daily intake of specific vitamins and minerals. SN - 1475-2891 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26518233/Intake_of_macro__and_micronutrients_in_Danish_vegans_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -