[Treatment of postoperative cystoid macular edema (Irvine-Gass syndrome) with dexamethasone 0.7 mg intravitreal implant].J Fr Ophtalmol. 2016 Jan; 39(1):5-11.JF
To evaluate the efficacy of dexamethasone 0.7 mg intravitreal implant in patients with postoperative cystoid macular edema.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Fourteen patients' charts with postoperative cystoid macular edema were retrospectively reviewed. The main outcome measures were best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and mean central retinal thickness (CRT).
Patients' mean age was 72.1 years old. Five patients were diabetic. All patients had previously been treated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drops. Four patients had received a previous treatment with intravitreal ranibizumab. The mean follow-up period was 8.7 months. Mean BCVA before intravitreal dexamethasone was 0.72 logMAR. After injection, it improved to 0.50 at month 1, was 0.47 at month 3, and 0.60 logMAR at month 12. The pre-injection mean CRT was 598 μm. It improved to 286 μm at month 1, 338 μm at month 3, and was 441 μm at month 12. Eight patients received 2 intravitreal injections of dexamethasone. Five patients presented with elevated intraocular pressure during follow-up, which was treated with drops.
Intravitreal dexamethasone injection improved visual acuity and macular thickness at month 1 and month 3 in patients with postoperative cystoid macular edema. A second injection was necessary after a mean period of 5 months.