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Functional correlates of military sexual assault in male veterans.
Psychol Serv. 2015 Nov; 12(4):384-93.PS

Abstract

Despite research findings that similar numbers of male and female veterans are affected by military sexual trauma (MST), there has been considerably less research on the effects of MST specific to male veterans. The aim of the present study was to provide preliminary data describing functional correlates of military sexual assault (MSA) among male Iraq/Afghanistan-era veterans to identify potential health care needs for this population. We evaluated the following functional correlates: posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, depression symptoms, alcohol use, drug use, suicidality, social support, violent behavior in the past 30 days, incarceration, disability eligibility status, and use of outpatient mental health treatment. We compared 3 groups: (a) male veterans who endorsed a history of MSA (n = 39), (b) a general non-MSA sample (n = 2,003), and (c) a matched non-MSA sample (n = 39) identified by matching algorithms on the basis of factors (e.g., age, education, adult premilitary sexual trauma history, childhood sexual and physical trauma history, and race) that could increase veterans' vulnerability to the functional correlates examined. MSA in men was associated with greater PTSD symptom severity, greater depression symptom severity, higher suicidality, and higher outpatient mental health treatment, above and beyond the effects of vulnerability factors. These findings suggest that, for male veterans, MSA may result in a severe and enduring overall symptom profile requiring ongoing clinical management.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Veterans Affairs Mid-Atlantic Mental Illness Research.Durham Veterans Affairs Medical Center.Veterans Affairs Mid-Atlantic Mental Illness Research.Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System.Veterans Affairs Mid-Atlantic Mental Illness Research.Veterans Affairs Mid-Atlantic Mental Illness Research.Veterans Affairs Mid-Atlantic Mental Illness Research.Duke University School of Medicine, and Mental Health Services.No affiliation info availableVeterans Affairs Mid-Atlantic Mental Illness Research.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26524280

Citation

Schry, Amie R., et al. "Functional Correlates of Military Sexual Assault in Male Veterans." Psychological Services, vol. 12, no. 4, 2015, pp. 384-93.
Schry AR, Hibberd R, Wagner HR, et al. Functional correlates of military sexual assault in male veterans. Psychol Serv. 2015;12(4):384-93.
Schry, A. R., Hibberd, R., Wagner, H. R., Turchik, J. A., Kimbrel, N. A., Wong, M., Elbogen, E. E., Strauss, J. L., & Brancu, M. (2015). Functional correlates of military sexual assault in male veterans. Psychological Services, 12(4), 384-93. https://doi.org/10.1037/ser0000053
Schry AR, et al. Functional Correlates of Military Sexual Assault in Male Veterans. Psychol Serv. 2015;12(4):384-93. PubMed PMID: 26524280.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Functional correlates of military sexual assault in male veterans. AU - Schry,Amie R, AU - Hibberd,Rachel, AU - Wagner,H Ryan, AU - Turchik,Jessica A, AU - Kimbrel,Nathan A, AU - Wong,Madrianne, AU - Elbogen,Eric E, AU - Strauss,Jennifer L, AU - ,, AU - Brancu,Mira, PY - 2015/11/3/entrez PY - 2015/11/3/pubmed PY - 2016/9/7/medline SP - 384 EP - 93 JF - Psychological services JO - Psychol Serv VL - 12 IS - 4 N2 - Despite research findings that similar numbers of male and female veterans are affected by military sexual trauma (MST), there has been considerably less research on the effects of MST specific to male veterans. The aim of the present study was to provide preliminary data describing functional correlates of military sexual assault (MSA) among male Iraq/Afghanistan-era veterans to identify potential health care needs for this population. We evaluated the following functional correlates: posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, depression symptoms, alcohol use, drug use, suicidality, social support, violent behavior in the past 30 days, incarceration, disability eligibility status, and use of outpatient mental health treatment. We compared 3 groups: (a) male veterans who endorsed a history of MSA (n = 39), (b) a general non-MSA sample (n = 2,003), and (c) a matched non-MSA sample (n = 39) identified by matching algorithms on the basis of factors (e.g., age, education, adult premilitary sexual trauma history, childhood sexual and physical trauma history, and race) that could increase veterans' vulnerability to the functional correlates examined. MSA in men was associated with greater PTSD symptom severity, greater depression symptom severity, higher suicidality, and higher outpatient mental health treatment, above and beyond the effects of vulnerability factors. These findings suggest that, for male veterans, MSA may result in a severe and enduring overall symptom profile requiring ongoing clinical management. SN - 1939-148X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26524280/Functional_correlates_of_military_sexual_assault_in_male_veterans_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/ser/12/4/384 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -