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Prevalence and characteristics of misreporting of energy intake in US children and adolescents: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-2012.
Br J Nutr. 2016 Jan 28; 115(2):294-304.BJ

Abstract

Using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-2012, we investigated the prevalence and characteristics of under- and over-reporting of energy intake (EI) among 14 044 US children and adolescents aged 2-19 years. For the assessment of EI, two 24-h dietary recalls were conducted with the use of the US Department of Agriculture Automated Multiple-Pass

Method.

Under-, plausible and over-reporters of EI were identified using two methods: based on the 95 % confidence limits (1) for agreement between the ratio of EI:BMR and a physical activity level for sedentary lifestyle (1·55) and (2) of the expected ratio of EI:estimated energy requirement (EER) of 1·0. BMR was calculated using Schofield's equations. EER was calculated using equations from the US Dietary Reference Intakes, assuming 'low active' level of physical activity. The risk of being an under- or over-reporter compared with a plausible reporter was analysed using multiple logistic regression. Percentages of under-, plausible and over-reporters were 13·1, 81·5 and 5·4 %, respectively, based on EI:BMR and 18·8, 72·3 and 8·8 %, respectively, based on EI:EER. Under-reporting was associated with older age, non-Hispanic blacks (compared with non-Hispanic whites) and overweight and obesity (compared with normal weight). Over-reporting was associated with younger age, lower family poverty income ratio, normal weight and the first survey cycle. Similar findings were obtained when analysing only the first 24-h recall data from NHANES 1999-2012 (n 22 949). In conclusion, we found that EI misreporting remains prevalent and differential in US children and adolescents.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1Department of Nutrition,School of Human Cultures,University of Shiga Prefecture,Shiga 522-8533,Japan.2Northern Ireland Centre for Food and Health,Ulster University,Coleraine BT52 1SA,UK.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26525591

Citation

Murakami, Kentaro, and M Barbara E. Livingstone. "Prevalence and Characteristics of Misreporting of Energy Intake in US Children and Adolescents: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-2012." The British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 115, no. 2, 2016, pp. 294-304.
Murakami K, Livingstone MB. Prevalence and characteristics of misreporting of energy intake in US children and adolescents: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-2012. Br J Nutr. 2016;115(2):294-304.
Murakami, K., & Livingstone, M. B. (2016). Prevalence and characteristics of misreporting of energy intake in US children and adolescents: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-2012. The British Journal of Nutrition, 115(2), 294-304. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114515004304
Murakami K, Livingstone MB. Prevalence and Characteristics of Misreporting of Energy Intake in US Children and Adolescents: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-2012. Br J Nutr. 2016 Jan 28;115(2):294-304. PubMed PMID: 26525591.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence and characteristics of misreporting of energy intake in US children and adolescents: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-2012. AU - Murakami,Kentaro, AU - Livingstone,M Barbara E, Y1 - 2015/11/03/ PY - 2015/11/4/entrez PY - 2015/11/4/pubmed PY - 2016/4/22/medline KW - Children KW - EER estimated energy requirement KW - EI energy intake KW - Energy intake KW - Misreporting KW - NHANES National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey KW - National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey KW - PAL physical activity level KW - USDA US Department of Agriculture SP - 294 EP - 304 JF - The British journal of nutrition JO - Br J Nutr VL - 115 IS - 2 N2 - Using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-2012, we investigated the prevalence and characteristics of under- and over-reporting of energy intake (EI) among 14 044 US children and adolescents aged 2-19 years. For the assessment of EI, two 24-h dietary recalls were conducted with the use of the US Department of Agriculture Automated Multiple-Pass Method. Under-, plausible and over-reporters of EI were identified using two methods: based on the 95 % confidence limits (1) for agreement between the ratio of EI:BMR and a physical activity level for sedentary lifestyle (1·55) and (2) of the expected ratio of EI:estimated energy requirement (EER) of 1·0. BMR was calculated using Schofield's equations. EER was calculated using equations from the US Dietary Reference Intakes, assuming 'low active' level of physical activity. The risk of being an under- or over-reporter compared with a plausible reporter was analysed using multiple logistic regression. Percentages of under-, plausible and over-reporters were 13·1, 81·5 and 5·4 %, respectively, based on EI:BMR and 18·8, 72·3 and 8·8 %, respectively, based on EI:EER. Under-reporting was associated with older age, non-Hispanic blacks (compared with non-Hispanic whites) and overweight and obesity (compared with normal weight). Over-reporting was associated with younger age, lower family poverty income ratio, normal weight and the first survey cycle. Similar findings were obtained when analysing only the first 24-h recall data from NHANES 1999-2012 (n 22 949). In conclusion, we found that EI misreporting remains prevalent and differential in US children and adolescents. SN - 1475-2662 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26525591/Prevalence_and_characteristics_of_misreporting_of_energy_intake_in_US_children_and_adolescents:_National_Health_and_Nutrition_Examination_Survey__NHANES__2003_2012_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0007114515004304/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -