JAK2/STAT3 Pathway Mediates Protection of Metallothionein Against Doxorubicin-Induced Cytotoxicity in Mouse Cardiomyocytes.Int J Toxicol 2016; 35(3):317-26IJ
Doxorubicin (Dox) is one of the most important anticancer agents; however, its clinical application is limited by its severe cardiotoxicity. In our previous study, we found that the gene expression levels of the Janus-activated kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (JAK2/STAT3) pathway were different between MT(-/-) cardiomyocytes and MT(+/+) cardiomyocytes when they were treated with Dox. Thus, this study was intended to investigate the role of JAK2/STAT3 pathway in metallothionein (MT) protection of Dox-induced cardiotoxicity. Tyrphostin AG490 (α-cyano-(3,4-dihydroxy)-N-benzylcinnamide) is a synthetic protein tyrosine kinase inhibitor which at first has been considered as a specific JAK2 inhibitor and can inhibit the JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway. In the present study, AG490 was used to assess the role of JAK2/STAT3 in MT protection against Dox-induced cardiotoxicity. The AG490 can attenuate the MT protection by increasing lactate dehydrogenase and the number of apoptotic cells. Interestingly, pretreated with AG490, MT(-/-) cardiomyocytes were more sensitive than MT(+/+) to Dox-induced cytotoxicity as measured by reactive oxygen species generation, lipid peroxidation, and protein carbonylation. Metallothionein 1 and MT-2 messenger RNA were upregulated by Dox, and AG490 decreased the protein expression of MT-1 and MT-2. After Dox treatment, the protein expression of p-Jak2 and p-Stat3 levels was significantly increased in MT(+/+) cardiomyocytes, suggesting that the JAK2/STAT3 pathway was partially involved in MT protection against Dox-induced cardiotoxicity.