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Comparison of the prevalence of sarcopenia using skeletal muscle mass index and calf circumference applying the European consensus definition in elderly Mexican women.
Geriatr Gerontol Int 2017; 17(1):161-170GG

Abstract

AIM

To compare the prevalence of sarcopenia using two indicators: skeletal muscle mass index (SMI) and calf circumference (CC) used in the algorithm proposed by the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Mexican elderly women.

METHODS

This was a cross-sectional study. Lean body mass was determined by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. To define sarcopenia, the SMI was obtained using a cut-off value of 5.5 kg/m2 , and the CC cut-off was 31 cm. For gait speed and handgrip strength, the cut-off values were 0.8 m/s and 20 kg, respectively.

RESULTS

A total of 137 women (mean age 73.8 ± 6.7 years) participated in the study. The prevalence of sarcopenia was 14.6% using SMI and 11.0% using CC (P = 0.009). Body mass index was associated with a lower probability of sarcopenia applying SMI or CC (OR 0.75, P = 0.002 for SMI and OR 0.71, P = 0.004 for CC). Sarcopenia evaluated either with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry or CC was not associated with physical performance, such as five times chair stand test, timed up and go test and short physical performance battery. Additionally, SMI was not associated with physical performance, five times chair stand test (P = 0.775) and timed up-and-go test (P = 0.341).

CONCLUSIONS

The prevalence of sarcopenia in active elderly women was low. A higher prevalence of sarcopenia was detected using SMI compared with CC. It is important to identify the best methods to assess skeletal muscle mass to obtain a reliable diagnosis of sarcopenia. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2017; 17: 161-170.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Health Care Department, Metropolitan Autonomous University, Mexico D.F., Mexico.Health Care Department, Metropolitan Autonomous University, Mexico D.F., Mexico.Health Care Department, Metropolitan Autonomous University, Mexico D.F., Mexico.Health Care Department, Metropolitan Autonomous University, Mexico D.F., Mexico.Health Care Department, Metropolitan Autonomous University, Mexico D.F., Mexico.Health Care Department, Metropolitan Autonomous University, Mexico D.F., Mexico.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26534889

Citation

Velazquez-Alva, Maria Consuelo, et al. "Comparison of the Prevalence of Sarcopenia Using Skeletal Muscle Mass Index and Calf Circumference Applying the European Consensus Definition in Elderly Mexican Women." Geriatrics & Gerontology International, vol. 17, no. 1, 2017, pp. 161-170.
Velazquez-Alva MC, Irigoyen Camacho ME, Lazarevich I, et al. Comparison of the prevalence of sarcopenia using skeletal muscle mass index and calf circumference applying the European consensus definition in elderly Mexican women. Geriatr Gerontol Int. 2017;17(1):161-170.
Velazquez-Alva, M. C., Irigoyen Camacho, M. E., Lazarevich, I., Delgadillo Velazquez, J., Acosta Dominguez, P., & Zepeda Zepeda, M. A. (2017). Comparison of the prevalence of sarcopenia using skeletal muscle mass index and calf circumference applying the European consensus definition in elderly Mexican women. Geriatrics & Gerontology International, 17(1), pp. 161-170. doi:10.1111/ggi.12652.
Velazquez-Alva MC, et al. Comparison of the Prevalence of Sarcopenia Using Skeletal Muscle Mass Index and Calf Circumference Applying the European Consensus Definition in Elderly Mexican Women. Geriatr Gerontol Int. 2017;17(1):161-170. PubMed PMID: 26534889.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Comparison of the prevalence of sarcopenia using skeletal muscle mass index and calf circumference applying the European consensus definition in elderly Mexican women. AU - Velazquez-Alva,Maria Consuelo, AU - Irigoyen Camacho,Maria Esther, AU - Lazarevich,Irina, AU - Delgadillo Velazquez,Jaime, AU - Acosta Dominguez,Patricia, AU - Zepeda Zepeda,Marco A, Y1 - 2015/11/04/ PY - 2015/09/04/accepted PY - 2015/11/5/pubmed PY - 2017/9/20/medline PY - 2015/11/5/entrez KW - calf circumference KW - elderly women KW - sarcopenia KW - skeletal muscle mass index SP - 161 EP - 170 JF - Geriatrics & gerontology international JO - Geriatr Gerontol Int VL - 17 IS - 1 N2 - AIM: To compare the prevalence of sarcopenia using two indicators: skeletal muscle mass index (SMI) and calf circumference (CC) used in the algorithm proposed by the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Mexican elderly women. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. Lean body mass was determined by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. To define sarcopenia, the SMI was obtained using a cut-off value of 5.5 kg/m2 , and the CC cut-off was 31 cm. For gait speed and handgrip strength, the cut-off values were 0.8 m/s and 20 kg, respectively. RESULTS: A total of 137 women (mean age 73.8 ± 6.7 years) participated in the study. The prevalence of sarcopenia was 14.6% using SMI and 11.0% using CC (P = 0.009). Body mass index was associated with a lower probability of sarcopenia applying SMI or CC (OR 0.75, P = 0.002 for SMI and OR 0.71, P = 0.004 for CC). Sarcopenia evaluated either with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry or CC was not associated with physical performance, such as five times chair stand test, timed up and go test and short physical performance battery. Additionally, SMI was not associated with physical performance, five times chair stand test (P = 0.775) and timed up-and-go test (P = 0.341). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of sarcopenia in active elderly women was low. A higher prevalence of sarcopenia was detected using SMI compared with CC. It is important to identify the best methods to assess skeletal muscle mass to obtain a reliable diagnosis of sarcopenia. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2017; 17: 161-170. SN - 1447-0594 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26534889/Comparison_of_the_prevalence_of_sarcopenia_using_skeletal_muscle_mass_index_and_calf_circumference_applying_the_European_consensus_definition_in_elderly_Mexican_women_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/ggi.12652 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -