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Priming Gestures with Sounds.
PLoS One 2015; 10(11):e0141791Plos

Abstract

We report a series of experiments about a little-studied type of compatibility effect between a stimulus and a response: the priming of manual gestures via sounds associated with these gestures. The goal was to investigate the plasticity of the gesture-sound associations mediating this type of priming. Five experiments used a primed choice-reaction task. Participants were cued by a stimulus to perform response gestures that produced response sounds; those sounds were also used as primes before the response cues. We compared arbitrary associations between gestures and sounds (key lifts and pure tones) created during the experiment (i.e. no pre-existing knowledge) with ecological associations corresponding to the structure of the world (tapping gestures and sounds, scraping gestures and sounds) learned through the entire life of the participant (thus existing prior to the experiment). Two results were found. First, the priming effect exists for ecological as well as arbitrary associations between gestures and sounds. Second, the priming effect is greatly reduced for ecologically existing associations and is eliminated for arbitrary associations when the response gesture stops producing the associated sounds. These results provide evidence that auditory-motor priming is mainly created by rapid learning of the association between sounds and the gestures that produce them. Auditory-motor priming is therefore mediated by short-term associations between gestures and sounds that can be readily reconfigured regardless of prior knowledge.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Dietrich College of Humanities and Social Sciences/Department of Psychology/Auditory Laboratory, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America.Dietrich College of Humanities and Social Sciences/Department of Psychology/Auditory Laboratory, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America.Dietrich College of Humanities and Social Sciences/Department of Psychology/Auditory Laboratory, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America.Dietrich College of Humanities and Social Sciences/Department of Psychology/Auditory Laboratory, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26544884

Citation

Lemaitre, Guillaume, et al. "Priming Gestures With Sounds." PloS One, vol. 10, no. 11, 2015, pp. e0141791.
Lemaitre G, Heller LM, Navolio N, et al. Priming Gestures with Sounds. PLoS ONE. 2015;10(11):e0141791.
Lemaitre, G., Heller, L. M., Navolio, N., & Zúñiga-Peñaranda, N. (2015). Priming Gestures with Sounds. PloS One, 10(11), pp. e0141791. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0141791.
Lemaitre G, et al. Priming Gestures With Sounds. PLoS ONE. 2015;10(11):e0141791. PubMed PMID: 26544884.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Priming Gestures with Sounds. AU - Lemaitre,Guillaume, AU - Heller,Laurie M, AU - Navolio,Nicole, AU - Zúñiga-Peñaranda,Nicolas, Y1 - 2015/11/06/ PY - 2015/07/22/received PY - 2015/10/13/accepted PY - 2015/11/7/entrez PY - 2015/11/7/pubmed PY - 2016/6/17/medline SP - e0141791 EP - e0141791 JF - PloS one JO - PLoS ONE VL - 10 IS - 11 N2 - We report a series of experiments about a little-studied type of compatibility effect between a stimulus and a response: the priming of manual gestures via sounds associated with these gestures. The goal was to investigate the plasticity of the gesture-sound associations mediating this type of priming. Five experiments used a primed choice-reaction task. Participants were cued by a stimulus to perform response gestures that produced response sounds; those sounds were also used as primes before the response cues. We compared arbitrary associations between gestures and sounds (key lifts and pure tones) created during the experiment (i.e. no pre-existing knowledge) with ecological associations corresponding to the structure of the world (tapping gestures and sounds, scraping gestures and sounds) learned through the entire life of the participant (thus existing prior to the experiment). Two results were found. First, the priming effect exists for ecological as well as arbitrary associations between gestures and sounds. Second, the priming effect is greatly reduced for ecologically existing associations and is eliminated for arbitrary associations when the response gesture stops producing the associated sounds. These results provide evidence that auditory-motor priming is mainly created by rapid learning of the association between sounds and the gestures that produce them. Auditory-motor priming is therefore mediated by short-term associations between gestures and sounds that can be readily reconfigured regardless of prior knowledge. SN - 1932-6203 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26544884/Priming_Gestures_with_Sounds_ L2 - http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0141791 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -