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Nutritional status of iron, vitamin B12, folate, retinol and anemia in children 1 to 11 years old: Results of the Ensanut 2012.
Salud Publica Mex. 2015 Sep-Oct; 57(5):372-84.SP

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To describe the frequency of anemia, iron, vitamin B12, folate, retinol and predictors of anemia among Mexican children from Ensanut 2012.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Hemoglobin, ferritin, CRP, vitamin B12, retinol and folate concentrations were measured in 2 678 children aged 1-4 y and 4 275 children aged 5-11 y. Adjusted logistic regression models were constructed to assess the risk for anemia and micronutrient deficiencies.

RESULTS

In preschoolers and scholars, the overall prevalence of anemia was 20.4 and 9.7%, iron deficiency 14 and 9.3%, low vitamin B12 (LB12S) 1.9 and 2.6%; Folate 0.30 and 0%, and retinol depletion (VADp) 15.7 and 2.3%, respectively. ID and VADp were negatively associated with Hb (coefficient: -0.38 and -0.45, p<0.05); a higher log-CRP was associated with higher risk for anemia and VADp (OR=1.13 and OR=2.1, p<0.05, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS

Iron deficiency, anemia and VADp are some of the main nutritional problems among Mexican infants.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Nutrition and Health, Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública, Cuernavaca, Morelos, México.Division of Nutrition and Health, Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública, Cuernavaca, Morelos, México.Division of Nutrition and Health, Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública, Cuernavaca, Morelos, México.Division of Nutrition and Health, Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública, Cuernavaca, Morelos, México.Division of Nutrition and Health, Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública, Cuernavaca, Morelos, México.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26544998

Citation

Villalpando, Salvador, et al. "Nutritional Status of Iron, Vitamin B12, Folate, Retinol and Anemia in Children 1 to 11 Years Old: Results of the Ensanut 2012." Salud Publica De Mexico, vol. 57, no. 5, 2015, pp. 372-84.
Villalpando S, Cruz Vde L, Shamah-Levy T, et al. Nutritional status of iron, vitamin B12, folate, retinol and anemia in children 1 to 11 years old: Results of the Ensanut 2012. Salud Publica Mex. 2015;57(5):372-84.
Villalpando, S., Cruz, V. d. e. . L., Shamah-Levy, T., Rebollar, R., & Contreras-Manzano, A. (2015). Nutritional status of iron, vitamin B12, folate, retinol and anemia in children 1 to 11 years old: Results of the Ensanut 2012. Salud Publica De Mexico, 57(5), 372-84.
Villalpando S, et al. Nutritional Status of Iron, Vitamin B12, Folate, Retinol and Anemia in Children 1 to 11 Years Old: Results of the Ensanut 2012. Salud Publica Mex. 2015;57(5):372-84. PubMed PMID: 26544998.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Nutritional status of iron, vitamin B12, folate, retinol and anemia in children 1 to 11 years old: Results of the Ensanut 2012. AU - Villalpando,Salvador, AU - Cruz,Vanessa de la, AU - Shamah-Levy,Teresa, AU - Rebollar,Rosario, AU - Contreras-Manzano,Alejandra, PY - 2015/02/13/received PY - 2015/07/07/accepted PY - 2015/11/7/entrez PY - 2015/11/7/pubmed PY - 2017/5/23/medline SP - 372 EP - 84 JF - Salud publica de Mexico JO - Salud Publica Mex VL - 57 IS - 5 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To describe the frequency of anemia, iron, vitamin B12, folate, retinol and predictors of anemia among Mexican children from Ensanut 2012. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hemoglobin, ferritin, CRP, vitamin B12, retinol and folate concentrations were measured in 2 678 children aged 1-4 y and 4 275 children aged 5-11 y. Adjusted logistic regression models were constructed to assess the risk for anemia and micronutrient deficiencies. RESULTS: In preschoolers and scholars, the overall prevalence of anemia was 20.4 and 9.7%, iron deficiency 14 and 9.3%, low vitamin B12 (LB12S) 1.9 and 2.6%; Folate 0.30 and 0%, and retinol depletion (VADp) 15.7 and 2.3%, respectively. ID and VADp were negatively associated with Hb (coefficient: -0.38 and -0.45, p<0.05); a higher log-CRP was associated with higher risk for anemia and VADp (OR=1.13 and OR=2.1, p<0.05, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Iron deficiency, anemia and VADp are some of the main nutritional problems among Mexican infants. SN - 1606-7916 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26544998/Nutritional_status_of_iron_vitamin_B12_folate_retinol_and_anemia_in_children_1_to_11_years_old:_Results_of_the_Ensanut_2012_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/441 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -