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Being lonely or using substances with friends? A cross-sectional study of Hungarian adolescents' health risk behaviours.
BMC Public Health. 2015 Nov 07; 15:1107.BP

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Studying adolescents' health risk behaviours is oddly significant in Central and Eastern European countries, where the prevalence of smoking and drinking among 14-18 year old students is significantly high. The goal of our study is to examine the role of social psychological and social behavioural variables in health risk behaviours among Hungarian adolescents.

METHODS

Our sample was comprised of three high schools of Debrecen (the second largest city of Hungary). In all, 501 students filled in the questionnaire from 22 classes (14-22 years old). Students aged above 18 years were excluded for the purpose of the study, giving a total sample size of 471 high school students. Descriptive statistics and binary logistic regression analyses were conducted.

RESULTS

According to our results (1) social behavioural factors (namely, smoking and alcohol use of the best friend and peer group) proved to be better predictors of adolescents' health risk behaviours as compared to the included social psychological attributes (2); among the latter ones, loneliness and shyness were negatively related with both smoking and drinking, while competitiveness was a predictor of drinking prevalence among boys.

CONCLUSIONS

The findings suggest that social behavioural factors, including smoking and drinking of friends, are oddly important predictors of Hungarian adolescents' health risk behaviours. According to our results, health policy should pay more attention to peer norms related to smoking and drinking during school health promotion. Developing health protective social norms may be an indispensable component of effective health promotion in high schools.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Behavioural Sciences, Semmelweis University, Nagyvarad sqr. 4, 1089, Budapest, Hungary. varga.szabolcs85@gmail.com.School of Ph. D. studies, Semmelweis University, Ulloi str. 26, 1085, Budapest, Hungary. pikobettina@gmail.com. Department of Behavioural Sciences, University of Szeged, Szentharomsag str. 5, 6722, Szeged, Hungary. pikobettina@gmail.com.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26547688

Citation

Varga, Szabolcs, and Bettina F. Piko. "Being Lonely or Using Substances With Friends? a Cross-sectional Study of Hungarian Adolescents' Health Risk Behaviours." BMC Public Health, vol. 15, 2015, p. 1107.
Varga S, Piko BF. Being lonely or using substances with friends? A cross-sectional study of Hungarian adolescents' health risk behaviours. BMC Public Health. 2015;15:1107.
Varga, S., & Piko, B. F. (2015). Being lonely or using substances with friends? A cross-sectional study of Hungarian adolescents' health risk behaviours. BMC Public Health, 15, 1107. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-015-2474-y
Varga S, Piko BF. Being Lonely or Using Substances With Friends? a Cross-sectional Study of Hungarian Adolescents' Health Risk Behaviours. BMC Public Health. 2015 Nov 7;15:1107. PubMed PMID: 26547688.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Being lonely or using substances with friends? A cross-sectional study of Hungarian adolescents' health risk behaviours. AU - Varga,Szabolcs, AU - Piko,Bettina F, Y1 - 2015/11/07/ PY - 2015/03/06/received PY - 2015/11/05/accepted PY - 2015/11/9/entrez PY - 2015/11/10/pubmed PY - 2016/6/2/medline SP - 1107 EP - 1107 JF - BMC public health JO - BMC Public Health VL - 15 N2 - BACKGROUND: Studying adolescents' health risk behaviours is oddly significant in Central and Eastern European countries, where the prevalence of smoking and drinking among 14-18 year old students is significantly high. The goal of our study is to examine the role of social psychological and social behavioural variables in health risk behaviours among Hungarian adolescents. METHODS: Our sample was comprised of three high schools of Debrecen (the second largest city of Hungary). In all, 501 students filled in the questionnaire from 22 classes (14-22 years old). Students aged above 18 years were excluded for the purpose of the study, giving a total sample size of 471 high school students. Descriptive statistics and binary logistic regression analyses were conducted. RESULTS: According to our results (1) social behavioural factors (namely, smoking and alcohol use of the best friend and peer group) proved to be better predictors of adolescents' health risk behaviours as compared to the included social psychological attributes (2); among the latter ones, loneliness and shyness were negatively related with both smoking and drinking, while competitiveness was a predictor of drinking prevalence among boys. CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that social behavioural factors, including smoking and drinking of friends, are oddly important predictors of Hungarian adolescents' health risk behaviours. According to our results, health policy should pay more attention to peer norms related to smoking and drinking during school health promotion. Developing health protective social norms may be an indispensable component of effective health promotion in high schools. SN - 1471-2458 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26547688/Being_lonely_or_using_substances_with_friends_A_cross_sectional_study_of_Hungarian_adolescents'_health_risk_behaviours_ L2 - https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12889-015-2474-y DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -