Retrospective Study of Association between Displacement of Maxillary Canine and Tooth Agenesis.J Clin Pediatr Dent. 2015 Fall; 39(5):488-92.JC
The purpose of this study was to investigate the interrelationships between displacement of maxillary canine and tooth agenesis in age from 10 to 19 years.
The panoramic radiographs of 128 subjects with displacement of maxillary canine and 600 subjects without displacement of maxillary canine were examined. The panoramic radiographs taken between 2003 and 2013 were used for diagnosis other related dental anomalies, including permanent tooth agenesis and small maxillary lateral incisor.
Patients with maxillary canine displacement had a significantly higher prevalence rate of permanent tooth agenesis excluding of third molars (p < 0.05). Significant increase in occurrence of tooth agenesis of maxillary lateral incisor (p < 0.05), maxillary second premolar (p < 0.05) and small maxillary lateral incisor (p < 0.05). In contrast, the mandibular second premolar did not show any significant difference (p > 0.05).
This study indicates that there is positive relationship between displacement of maxillary canine, small maxillary lateral incisor and permanent tooth agenesis. Especially, maxillary lateral incisor and maxillary second premolar have strong association with maxillary canine displacement. Consequently, permanent tooth agenesis and small maxillary lateral incisor can be a predictor of maxillary canine displacement.