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Energy balance in transition cows and its association with health, reproduction and milk production.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

It was the purpose of this study to determine the effects of non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) concentrations at different time periods of the transition period as well as lactation number on metabolism, health, reproduction and milk production in dairy cows.

MATERIAL AND METHODS

This trial was conducted in a single dairy herd located in Northern Germany. Of the herd, which comprised 330 lactating Holstein cows housed in a free stall barn and fed a total mixed ration (TMR), 83 primiparous and multiparous cows were randomly selected. Animals were checked for body condition score (BCS), locomotion score, calving data, quality of colostrum, reproductive measures, daily rectal temperature of the first 10 days post-partum (p. p.), health data and culling rates up to 200 days in milk (DIM) as well as milk production until 305 DIM. Three different time periods were considered: 3 and 1 week ante partum (a. p.); partus and 1 week p. p.; 3 weeks p. p.

RESULTS

Animals with NEFA concentrations ≥ 0.4 mmol/l ante partum had a higher risk of no ovarian activity in week 5 p. p. and of subclinical ketosis post partum than cows with lower NEFA concentrations (p < 0.05). Cows with NEFA concentrations ≥ 1.1 mmol/l in week 1 p. p., in comparison to those with lower NEFA concentrations, showed a higher prevalence of clinical ketosis (24.1% vs. 5.9%), subclinical ketosis (62.1% vs. 34.0%) and culling rate within 200 DIM (34.5% vs. 14.0%) (p < 0.05). Cows with NEFA concentrations ≥ 0.3 mmol/l at week 3 p. p. had higher 100- and 305-day milk yields than cows with lower NEFA concentrations (p < 0.05). First lactating heifers were at higher risk to loose body condition ante partum, of dystocia, fever within the first 10 DIM, metritis, clinical and subclinical ketosis as well as to develop a disease within the first 30 DIM (p < 0.05). Multipara were more likely to loose body condition after calving, to a prolonged calving to first service interval and to higher milk yields (p < 0.05).

CONCLUSION

In conclusion increased NEFA concentrations during the transition period as well as parity can have an influence on health, production and reproduction of dairy cows.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Cora Furken, Klinik für Rinder, Stiftung Tierärztliche Hochschule Hannover, Bischofsholer Damm 15, 30173 Hannover, Email: corafurken@web.de.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26553959

Citation

Furken, C, et al. "Energy Balance in Transition Cows and Its Association With Health, Reproduction and Milk Production." Tierarztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere, vol. 43, no. 6, 2015, pp. 341-9.
Furken C, Nakao T, Hoedemaker M. Energy balance in transition cows and its association with health, reproduction and milk production. Tierarztl Prax Ausg G Grosstiere Nutztiere. 2015;43(6):341-9.
Furken, C., Nakao, T., & Hoedemaker, M. (2015). Energy balance in transition cows and its association with health, reproduction and milk production. Tierarztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere, 43(6), 341-9. https://doi.org/10.15653/TPG-150371
Furken C, Nakao T, Hoedemaker M. Energy Balance in Transition Cows and Its Association With Health, Reproduction and Milk Production. Tierarztl Prax Ausg G Grosstiere Nutztiere. 2015;43(6):341-9. PubMed PMID: 26553959.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Energy balance in transition cows and its association with health, reproduction and milk production. AU - Furken,C, AU - Nakao,T, AU - Hoedemaker,M, Y1 - 2015/11/10/ PY - 2014/05/30/received PY - 2015/08/25/accepted PY - 2015/11/11/entrez PY - 2015/11/11/pubmed PY - 2016/7/28/medline KW - Health KW - NEFA KW - metabolism KW - reproduction KW - transition dairy cows SP - 341 EP - 9 JF - Tierarztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere JO - Tierarztl Prax Ausg G Grosstiere Nutztiere VL - 43 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVE: It was the purpose of this study to determine the effects of non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) concentrations at different time periods of the transition period as well as lactation number on metabolism, health, reproduction and milk production in dairy cows. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This trial was conducted in a single dairy herd located in Northern Germany. Of the herd, which comprised 330 lactating Holstein cows housed in a free stall barn and fed a total mixed ration (TMR), 83 primiparous and multiparous cows were randomly selected. Animals were checked for body condition score (BCS), locomotion score, calving data, quality of colostrum, reproductive measures, daily rectal temperature of the first 10 days post-partum (p. p.), health data and culling rates up to 200 days in milk (DIM) as well as milk production until 305 DIM. Three different time periods were considered: 3 and 1 week ante partum (a. p.); partus and 1 week p. p.; 3 weeks p. p. RESULTS: Animals with NEFA concentrations ≥ 0.4 mmol/l ante partum had a higher risk of no ovarian activity in week 5 p. p. and of subclinical ketosis post partum than cows with lower NEFA concentrations (p < 0.05). Cows with NEFA concentrations ≥ 1.1 mmol/l in week 1 p. p., in comparison to those with lower NEFA concentrations, showed a higher prevalence of clinical ketosis (24.1% vs. 5.9%), subclinical ketosis (62.1% vs. 34.0%) and culling rate within 200 DIM (34.5% vs. 14.0%) (p < 0.05). Cows with NEFA concentrations ≥ 0.3 mmol/l at week 3 p. p. had higher 100- and 305-day milk yields than cows with lower NEFA concentrations (p < 0.05). First lactating heifers were at higher risk to loose body condition ante partum, of dystocia, fever within the first 10 DIM, metritis, clinical and subclinical ketosis as well as to develop a disease within the first 30 DIM (p < 0.05). Multipara were more likely to loose body condition after calving, to a prolonged calving to first service interval and to higher milk yields (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: In conclusion increased NEFA concentrations during the transition period as well as parity can have an influence on health, production and reproduction of dairy cows. SN - 2567-5834 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26553959/Energy_balance_in_transition_cows_and_its_association_with_health_reproduction_and_milk_production_ L2 - http://www.thieme-connect.com/DOI/DOI?10.15653/TPG-150371 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -