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Differential effects of 3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV) and 4-methylmethcathinone (mephedrone) in rats trained to discriminate MDMA or a d-amphetamine + MDMA mixture.
Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2016 Feb; 233(4):673-80.P

Abstract

RATIONALE

Recent reports on the abuse of novel synthetic cathinone derivatives call attention to serious public health risks of these substances. In response to this concern, a growing body of preclinical research has characterized the psychopharmacology of these substances, particularly mephedrone (MEPH) or methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV), noting their similarities to 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) and cocaine. Few studies have utilized drug discrimination methodology to characterize the psychopharmacological properties of these substances.

OBJECTIVES

The present study employed a rodent drug discrimination assay to further characterize the stimulus effects of MEPH and MDPV in comparison to MDMA and to a drug mixture comprised of d-amphetamine and MDMA.

METHODS

Eight male Sprague-Dawley rats were trained to discriminate 1.5 mg/kg MDMA, and eight rats were trained to discriminate a mixture of 1.5 mg/kg MDMA and 0.5 mg/kg d-amphetamine (MDMA + AMPH) from vehicle. Substitution tests were conducted with MDMA, d-amphetamine, MDPV, MEPH, and cocaine.

RESULTS

Dose-response curves generated with MDMA and MEPH were comparable between training groups. In contrast, AMPH, MDPV, and cocaine produced only partial substitution in animals trained to discriminate MDMA but produced full substitution in animals trained to discriminate the MDMA + AMPH mixture.

CONCLUSIONS

These findings indicate that MDPV's effects may be more similar to those of traditional psychostimulants, whereas MEPH exerts stimulus effects more similar to those of MDMA. Additional experiments with selective DA and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) receptor antagonists are required to further elucidate specific receptor mechanisms mediating the discriminative stimulus effects of MDPV and mephedrone.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Western Michigan University, 3754 Wood Hall, Kalamazoo, MI, 49008, USA.Department of Psychology, Western Michigan University, 3754 Wood Hall, Kalamazoo, MI, 49008, USA. lisa.baker@wmich.edu.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26558618

Citation

Harvey, Eric L., and Lisa E. Baker. "Differential Effects of 3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV) and 4-methylmethcathinone (mephedrone) in Rats Trained to Discriminate MDMA or a D-amphetamine + MDMA Mixture." Psychopharmacology, vol. 233, no. 4, 2016, pp. 673-80.
Harvey EL, Baker LE. Differential effects of 3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV) and 4-methylmethcathinone (mephedrone) in rats trained to discriminate MDMA or a d-amphetamine + MDMA mixture. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2016;233(4):673-80.
Harvey, E. L., & Baker, L. E. (2016). Differential effects of 3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV) and 4-methylmethcathinone (mephedrone) in rats trained to discriminate MDMA or a d-amphetamine + MDMA mixture. Psychopharmacology, 233(4), 673-80. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00213-015-4142-4
Harvey EL, Baker LE. Differential Effects of 3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV) and 4-methylmethcathinone (mephedrone) in Rats Trained to Discriminate MDMA or a D-amphetamine + MDMA Mixture. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2016;233(4):673-80. PubMed PMID: 26558618.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Differential effects of 3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV) and 4-methylmethcathinone (mephedrone) in rats trained to discriminate MDMA or a d-amphetamine + MDMA mixture. AU - Harvey,Eric L, AU - Baker,Lisa E, Y1 - 2015/11/12/ PY - 2015/01/08/received PY - 2015/10/29/accepted PY - 2015/11/13/entrez PY - 2015/11/13/pubmed PY - 2016/9/22/medline KW - Cocaine KW - Drug discrimination KW - MDPV KW - Mephedrone KW - Rats KW - d-Amphetamine SP - 673 EP - 80 JF - Psychopharmacology JO - Psychopharmacology (Berl.) VL - 233 IS - 4 N2 - RATIONALE: Recent reports on the abuse of novel synthetic cathinone derivatives call attention to serious public health risks of these substances. In response to this concern, a growing body of preclinical research has characterized the psychopharmacology of these substances, particularly mephedrone (MEPH) or methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV), noting their similarities to 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) and cocaine. Few studies have utilized drug discrimination methodology to characterize the psychopharmacological properties of these substances. OBJECTIVES: The present study employed a rodent drug discrimination assay to further characterize the stimulus effects of MEPH and MDPV in comparison to MDMA and to a drug mixture comprised of d-amphetamine and MDMA. METHODS: Eight male Sprague-Dawley rats were trained to discriminate 1.5 mg/kg MDMA, and eight rats were trained to discriminate a mixture of 1.5 mg/kg MDMA and 0.5 mg/kg d-amphetamine (MDMA + AMPH) from vehicle. Substitution tests were conducted with MDMA, d-amphetamine, MDPV, MEPH, and cocaine. RESULTS: Dose-response curves generated with MDMA and MEPH were comparable between training groups. In contrast, AMPH, MDPV, and cocaine produced only partial substitution in animals trained to discriminate MDMA but produced full substitution in animals trained to discriminate the MDMA + AMPH mixture. CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate that MDPV's effects may be more similar to those of traditional psychostimulants, whereas MEPH exerts stimulus effects more similar to those of MDMA. Additional experiments with selective DA and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) receptor antagonists are required to further elucidate specific receptor mechanisms mediating the discriminative stimulus effects of MDPV and mephedrone. SN - 1432-2072 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26558618/Differential_effects_of_34_methylenedioxypyrovalerone__MDPV__and_4_methylmethcathinone__mephedrone__in_rats_trained_to_discriminate_MDMA_or_a_d_amphetamine_+_MDMA_mixture_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00213-015-4142-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -