Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Short-term effects of a hypocaloric diet with low glycemic index and low glycemic load on body adiposity, metabolic variables, ghrelin, leptin, and pregnancy rate in overweight and obese infertile women: a randomized controlled trial.
Am J Clin Nutr 2015; 102(6):1365-72AJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Obesity is related to hormonal disorders that affect the reproductive system. Low-glycemic index (LGI) diets seem to exert a positive effect on weight loss and on metabolic changes that result from obesity.

OBJECTIVE

We investigated the effects of a hypocaloric diet with an LGI and low glycemic load on anthropometric and metabolic variables, ghrelin and leptin concentrations, and the pregnancy rate in overweight and obese infertile women who were undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF).

DESIGN

The study was a randomized block-design controlled trial in which we analyzed 26 overweight or obese infertile women. Patients were assigned to a hypocaloric LGI-diet group or a control group and followed the protocol for 12 wk. Body weight, body mass index (BMI), percentage of body fat, glucose, insulin, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance, serum lipids, reproductive hormones, leptin, acylated ghrelin, number of oocytes retrieved in the IVF cycle, and pregnancy rate were determined.

RESULTS

There were greater reductions in body mass, BMI, percentage of body fat, waist:hip ratio, and leptin in the LGI-diet group than in the control group (P < 0.05). Despite a change of 18% in mean values, there was no significant increase in acylated ghrelin concentrations in the LGI group compared with the control group (P = 0.215). The LGI-diet group had 85.4% more oocytes retrieved than did the control group (7.75 ± 1.44 and 4.18 ± 0.87, respectively; P = 0.039) in the IVF cycle. Three patients (21.4%) in the LGI group experienced a spontaneous pregnancy during the follow-up, which generated 3 live births.

CONCLUSIONS

The hypocaloric LGI diet promoted a decrease in BMI, percentage of body fat, and leptin concentrations, which improved oocyte development and pregnancy rate. These results support the clinical recommendation to advise overweight and obese women to lose weight through a balanced diet before being submitted for treatment with assisted reproduction technologies. A hypocaloric diet combined with LGI foods seems to be beneficial for these patients, but additional studies are required before this treatment is recommended. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT02416960.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Graduate Program in Medical Sciences, Food and Nutrition Research Center, Porto Alegre, Brazil; and.Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, School of Medicine, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil; Obstetrics and Gynecology Service and Embryology and Cell Differentiation Laboratory, Experimental Research Center, Clinical Hospital of Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, Brazil.Nutrition Department, and Food and Nutrition Research Center, Porto Alegre, Brazil; and moulincc@gmail.com.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26561614

Citation

Becker, Geórgia F., et al. "Short-term Effects of a Hypocaloric Diet With Low Glycemic Index and Low Glycemic Load On Body Adiposity, Metabolic Variables, Ghrelin, Leptin, and Pregnancy Rate in Overweight and Obese Infertile Women: a Randomized Controlled Trial." The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 102, no. 6, 2015, pp. 1365-72.
Becker GF, Passos EP, Moulin CC. Short-term effects of a hypocaloric diet with low glycemic index and low glycemic load on body adiposity, metabolic variables, ghrelin, leptin, and pregnancy rate in overweight and obese infertile women: a randomized controlled trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 2015;102(6):1365-72.
Becker, G. F., Passos, E. P., & Moulin, C. C. (2015). Short-term effects of a hypocaloric diet with low glycemic index and low glycemic load on body adiposity, metabolic variables, ghrelin, leptin, and pregnancy rate in overweight and obese infertile women: a randomized controlled trial. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 102(6), pp. 1365-72. doi:10.3945/ajcn.115.117200.
Becker GF, Passos EP, Moulin CC. Short-term Effects of a Hypocaloric Diet With Low Glycemic Index and Low Glycemic Load On Body Adiposity, Metabolic Variables, Ghrelin, Leptin, and Pregnancy Rate in Overweight and Obese Infertile Women: a Randomized Controlled Trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 2015;102(6):1365-72. PubMed PMID: 26561614.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Short-term effects of a hypocaloric diet with low glycemic index and low glycemic load on body adiposity, metabolic variables, ghrelin, leptin, and pregnancy rate in overweight and obese infertile women: a randomized controlled trial. AU - Becker,Geórgia F, AU - Passos,Eduardo P, AU - Moulin,Cileide C, Y1 - 2015/11/11/ PY - 2015/06/11/received PY - 2015/09/15/accepted PY - 2015/11/13/entrez PY - 2015/11/13/pubmed PY - 2016/4/14/medline KW - female infertility KW - ghrelin KW - glycemic index KW - leptin KW - obesity SP - 1365 EP - 72 JF - The American journal of clinical nutrition JO - Am. J. Clin. Nutr. VL - 102 IS - 6 N2 - BACKGROUND: Obesity is related to hormonal disorders that affect the reproductive system. Low-glycemic index (LGI) diets seem to exert a positive effect on weight loss and on metabolic changes that result from obesity. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effects of a hypocaloric diet with an LGI and low glycemic load on anthropometric and metabolic variables, ghrelin and leptin concentrations, and the pregnancy rate in overweight and obese infertile women who were undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF). DESIGN: The study was a randomized block-design controlled trial in which we analyzed 26 overweight or obese infertile women. Patients were assigned to a hypocaloric LGI-diet group or a control group and followed the protocol for 12 wk. Body weight, body mass index (BMI), percentage of body fat, glucose, insulin, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance, serum lipids, reproductive hormones, leptin, acylated ghrelin, number of oocytes retrieved in the IVF cycle, and pregnancy rate were determined. RESULTS: There were greater reductions in body mass, BMI, percentage of body fat, waist:hip ratio, and leptin in the LGI-diet group than in the control group (P < 0.05). Despite a change of 18% in mean values, there was no significant increase in acylated ghrelin concentrations in the LGI group compared with the control group (P = 0.215). The LGI-diet group had 85.4% more oocytes retrieved than did the control group (7.75 ± 1.44 and 4.18 ± 0.87, respectively; P = 0.039) in the IVF cycle. Three patients (21.4%) in the LGI group experienced a spontaneous pregnancy during the follow-up, which generated 3 live births. CONCLUSIONS: The hypocaloric LGI diet promoted a decrease in BMI, percentage of body fat, and leptin concentrations, which improved oocyte development and pregnancy rate. These results support the clinical recommendation to advise overweight and obese women to lose weight through a balanced diet before being submitted for treatment with assisted reproduction technologies. A hypocaloric diet combined with LGI foods seems to be beneficial for these patients, but additional studies are required before this treatment is recommended. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT02416960. SN - 1938-3207 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26561614/Short_term_effects_of_a_hypocaloric_diet_with_low_glycemic_index_and_low_glycemic_load_on_body_adiposity_metabolic_variables_ghrelin_leptin_and_pregnancy_rate_in_overweight_and_obese_infertile_women:_a_randomized_controlled_trial_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article-lookup/doi/10.3945/ajcn.115.117200 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -