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Dental Anomalies in a Brazilian Cleft Population.
Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2016 11; 53(6):714-719.CP

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The aim of this study was to radiographically investigate the prevalence of dental anomalies outside the cleft area in a group of Brazilian patients with nonsyndromic cleft lip and/or palate (NSCL/P).

DESIGN, PARTICIPANTS, AND SETTING

A retrospective analysis of 207 panoramic radiographs of patients with NSCL/P aged 12 to 45 years without history of tooth extraction and orthodontic treatment was performed.

RESULTS

Dental anomalies were found in 75.4% of the patients, and tooth agenesis (29.2%) and supernumerary tooth (2.6%) were the most common anomalies. The risk of agenesis was higher among the individuals with cleft palate (CP) compared with individuals with cleft lip (CL) and cleft lip and palate (CLP) (agenesis: CP versus CL: odds ratio 6.27, 95% confidence interval 2.21-17.8, P = .0003; CP versus CLP: odds ratio 2.94; 95% confidence interval 1.27-6.81, P = .01). The frequency of dental agenesis was higher in patients with unilateral complete CLP (agenesis: P < .0001), incomplete bilateral CLP (agenesis: P = .0013), complete CP (agenesis: P < .0001), and incomplete CP (agenesis: P < .0001). The frequency of supernumerary teeth was higher in patients with bilateral complete CLP (P < .0001). The frequency of dental agenesis (P < .0001) and ectopic tooth (P = .009) was higher than the frequency estimated for general population.

CONCLUSIONS

The prevalence of dental anomalies in patients with NSCL/P was higher than that reported in overall population. This study found preferential associations between dental anomalies and specific extensions of NSCL/P, suggesting that dental agenesis and ectopic tooth may be part of oral cleft subphenotypes.

Authors

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Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26575968

Citation

Sá, Jamile, et al. "Dental Anomalies in a Brazilian Cleft Population." The Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal : Official Publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association, vol. 53, no. 6, 2016, pp. 714-719.
Sá J, Mariano LC, Canguçu D, et al. Dental Anomalies in a Brazilian Cleft Population. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2016;53(6):714-719.
Sá, J., Mariano, L. C., Canguçu, D., Coutinho, T. S., Hoshi, R., Medrado, A. P., Martelli-Junior, H., Coletta, R. D., & Reis, S. R. (2016). Dental Anomalies in a Brazilian Cleft Population. The Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal : Official Publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association, 53(6), 714-719.
Sá J, et al. Dental Anomalies in a Brazilian Cleft Population. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2016;53(6):714-719. PubMed PMID: 26575968.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dental Anomalies in a Brazilian Cleft Population. AU - Sá,Jamile, AU - Mariano,Lorena C, AU - Canguçu,Daiane, AU - Coutinho,Thaynara S L, AU - Hoshi,Ryuichi, AU - Medrado,Alena Peixoto, AU - Martelli-Junior,Hercílio, AU - Coletta,Ricardo D, AU - Reis,Silvia R A, Y1 - 2015/11/17/ PY - 2016/10/25/pubmed PY - 2018/4/27/medline PY - 2015/11/18/entrez KW - cleft lip and palate KW - dental anomaly KW - tooth agenesis SP - 714 EP - 719 JF - The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association JO - Cleft Palate Craniofac J VL - 53 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to radiographically investigate the prevalence of dental anomalies outside the cleft area in a group of Brazilian patients with nonsyndromic cleft lip and/or palate (NSCL/P). DESIGN, PARTICIPANTS, AND SETTING: A retrospective analysis of 207 panoramic radiographs of patients with NSCL/P aged 12 to 45 years without history of tooth extraction and orthodontic treatment was performed. RESULTS: Dental anomalies were found in 75.4% of the patients, and tooth agenesis (29.2%) and supernumerary tooth (2.6%) were the most common anomalies. The risk of agenesis was higher among the individuals with cleft palate (CP) compared with individuals with cleft lip (CL) and cleft lip and palate (CLP) (agenesis: CP versus CL: odds ratio 6.27, 95% confidence interval 2.21-17.8, P = .0003; CP versus CLP: odds ratio 2.94; 95% confidence interval 1.27-6.81, P = .01). The frequency of dental agenesis was higher in patients with unilateral complete CLP (agenesis: P < .0001), incomplete bilateral CLP (agenesis: P = .0013), complete CP (agenesis: P < .0001), and incomplete CP (agenesis: P < .0001). The frequency of supernumerary teeth was higher in patients with bilateral complete CLP (P < .0001). The frequency of dental agenesis (P < .0001) and ectopic tooth (P = .009) was higher than the frequency estimated for general population. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of dental anomalies in patients with NSCL/P was higher than that reported in overall population. This study found preferential associations between dental anomalies and specific extensions of NSCL/P, suggesting that dental agenesis and ectopic tooth may be part of oral cleft subphenotypes. SN - 1545-1569 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26575968/Dental_Anomalies_in_a_Brazilian_Cleft_Population_ L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1597/14-303?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&amp;rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&amp;rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -