The Optic Canal Size Is Associated With the Severity of Papilledema and Poor Visual Function in Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension.J Neuroophthalmol. 2016 06; 36(2):120-5.JN
To determine whether the size of the bony optic canal is associated with the severity of papilledema and poor visual function in idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH).
We performed a retrospective review of definite patients with IIH with requisite brain magnetic resonance imaging allowing for optic canal measurement. Clinical characteristics and automated (Humphrey) visual field results were reviewed; papilledema was graded according to the modified Frisén scale. Cross-sectional area of the optic canals was measured independently by 2 readers and averaged for each canal. Logistic regression modeling was applied.
Sixty-nine patients with IIH were included (mean age: 33; 91% women; 65% black). Controlling for age, sex, body mass index, race, and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) opening pressure, each mm increase in canal size was associated with a 0.50 dB reduction in Humphrey visual field mean deviation (P = 0.006); this was likely mediated by the increased odds of Grade 4-5 papilledema or optic atrophy in patients with larger canals (odds ratio: 1.30 [95% CI: 1.10-1.55; P = 0.003] for Grade 4-5 papilledema or atrophy vs grade <4 papilledema per mm increase in canal size).
Poor visual function and severe papilledema or optic atrophy were associated with a larger optic canal. Potential mechanisms include alteration of local CSF flow or bony remodeling at the optic canals.