Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Are vegans the same as vegetarians? The effect of diet on perceptions of masculinity.
Appetite. 2016 Feb 01; 97:79-86.A

Abstract

Food and food consumption matters in interpersonal interactions. Foods consumed can affect how a person is perceived by others in terms of morality, likeability, and gender. Food consumption can be used as a strategy for gendered presentation, either in terms of what foods are consumed or in the amount of food consumed. Finally, foods themselves are associated with gender. Previous research (Browarnik, 2012; Ruby & Heine, 2011) shows inconsistent patterns in the association between vegetarianism and masculinity. The current research conceptually replicates and extends this research by including the explicit label of vegetarian. The four studies in this article provide increased information about the effects of diet on gendered perceptions. Study 1 shows that vegetarian and omnivorous targets are rated equally in terms of masculinity. Study 2 shows that perceptions of vegetarians and vegans are similar, though comparing this research with past research indicates that perceptions of vegetarians are more variable. Study 3 shows that veganism leads perceptions of decreased masculinity relative to omnivores. Finally, Study 4 tests one possible mechanism for the results of Study 3, that it is the choice to be vegan that impacts perceptions of gender. Implications include increased knowledge about how meatless diets can affect the perceptions of gender in others. Multiple directions for future research are discussed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Earlham College, 801 National Road West, Richmond, IN 47374, USA. Electronic address: thomama@earlham.edu.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26593101

Citation

Thomas, Margaret A.. "Are Vegans the Same as Vegetarians? the Effect of Diet On Perceptions of Masculinity." Appetite, vol. 97, 2016, pp. 79-86.
Thomas MA. Are vegans the same as vegetarians? The effect of diet on perceptions of masculinity. Appetite. 2016;97:79-86.
Thomas, M. A. (2016). Are vegans the same as vegetarians? The effect of diet on perceptions of masculinity. Appetite, 97, 79-86. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2015.11.021
Thomas MA. Are Vegans the Same as Vegetarians? the Effect of Diet On Perceptions of Masculinity. Appetite. 2016 Feb 1;97:79-86. PubMed PMID: 26593101.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Are vegans the same as vegetarians? The effect of diet on perceptions of masculinity. A1 - Thomas,Margaret A, Y1 - 2015/11/22/ PY - 2015/05/07/received PY - 2015/09/20/revised PY - 2015/11/18/accepted PY - 2015/11/24/entrez PY - 2015/11/26/pubmed PY - 2016/12/30/medline KW - Diet KW - Gender KW - Masculinity KW - Veganism KW - Vegetarianism SP - 79 EP - 86 JF - Appetite JO - Appetite VL - 97 N2 - Food and food consumption matters in interpersonal interactions. Foods consumed can affect how a person is perceived by others in terms of morality, likeability, and gender. Food consumption can be used as a strategy for gendered presentation, either in terms of what foods are consumed or in the amount of food consumed. Finally, foods themselves are associated with gender. Previous research (Browarnik, 2012; Ruby & Heine, 2011) shows inconsistent patterns in the association between vegetarianism and masculinity. The current research conceptually replicates and extends this research by including the explicit label of vegetarian. The four studies in this article provide increased information about the effects of diet on gendered perceptions. Study 1 shows that vegetarian and omnivorous targets are rated equally in terms of masculinity. Study 2 shows that perceptions of vegetarians and vegans are similar, though comparing this research with past research indicates that perceptions of vegetarians are more variable. Study 3 shows that veganism leads perceptions of decreased masculinity relative to omnivores. Finally, Study 4 tests one possible mechanism for the results of Study 3, that it is the choice to be vegan that impacts perceptions of gender. Implications include increased knowledge about how meatless diets can affect the perceptions of gender in others. Multiple directions for future research are discussed. SN - 1095-8304 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26593101/Are_vegans_the_same_as_vegetarians_The_effect_of_diet_on_perceptions_of_masculinity_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0195-6663(15)30098-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -