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Serosurvey of Smooth Brucella, Leptospira spp. and Toxoplasma gondii in Free-Ranging Jaguars (Panthera onca) and Domestic Animals from Brazil.
PLoS One. 2015; 10(11):e0143816.Plos

Abstract

This study investigated the exposure of jaguar populations and domestic animals to smooth Brucella, Leptospira spp. and Toxoplasma gondii in the Cerrado, Pantanal and Amazon biomes of Brazil. Between February 2000 and January 2010, serum samples from 31 jaguars (Panthera onca), 1,245 cattle (Bos taurus), 168 domestic dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) and 29 domestic cats (Felis catus) were collected and analysed by rose bengal test for smooth Brucella, microscopic agglutination test for Leptospira spp. and modified agglutination test for T. gondii. Cattle populations from all sites (9.88%) were exposed to smooth Brucella, but only one jaguar from Cerrado was exposed to this agent. Jaguars captured in the Cerrado (60.0%) and in the Pantanal (45.5%) were seropositive for different serovars of Leptospira spp., cattle (72.18%) and domestic dogs (13.1%) from the three sites and one domestic cat from Pantanal were also seropositive for the agent. The most prevalent serotype of Leptospira spp. identified in jaguars from the Cerrado (Grippotyphosa) and the Pantanal (Pomona) biomes were distinct from those found in the domestic animals sampled. Jaguars (100%), domestic dogs (38.28%) and domestic cats (82.76%) from the three areas were exposed to T. gondii. Our results show that brucellosis and leptospirosis could have been transmitted to jaguars by domestic animals; and jaguars probably play an important role in the maintenance of T. gondii in nature.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Jaguar Conservation Fund/ Instituto Onça-Pintada, Mineiros, Goiás, Brasil. Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva e Saúde Animal, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil.Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva e Saúde Animal, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil.Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva e Saúde Animal, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil.Jaguar Conservation Fund/ Instituto Onça-Pintada, Mineiros, Goiás, Brasil.Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva e Saúde Animal, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil.Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva e Saúde Animal, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil.Universidade Católica Dom Bosco, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Ambientais e Sustentabilidade Agropecuária, Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil.Jaguar Conservation Fund/ Instituto Onça-Pintada, Mineiros, Goiás, Brasil.Jaguar Conservation Fund/ Instituto Onça-Pintada, Mineiros, Goiás, Brasil.Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva e Saúde Animal, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil.Jaguar Conservation Fund/ Instituto Onça-Pintada, Mineiros, Goiás, Brasil. Instituto de Biologia, Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brasil.Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva e Saúde Animal, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26605787

Citation

Furtado, Mariana Malzoni, et al. "Serosurvey of Smooth Brucella, Leptospira Spp. and Toxoplasma Gondii in Free-Ranging Jaguars (Panthera Onca) and Domestic Animals From Brazil." PloS One, vol. 10, no. 11, 2015, pp. e0143816.
Furtado MM, Gennari SM, Ikuta CY, et al. Serosurvey of Smooth Brucella, Leptospira spp. and Toxoplasma gondii in Free-Ranging Jaguars (Panthera onca) and Domestic Animals from Brazil. PLoS One. 2015;10(11):e0143816.
Furtado, M. M., Gennari, S. M., Ikuta, C. Y., Jácomo, A. T., de Morais, Z. M., Pena, H. F., Porfírio, G. E., Silveira, L., Sollmann, R., de Souza, G. O., Tôrres, N. M., & Ferreira Neto, J. S. (2015). Serosurvey of Smooth Brucella, Leptospira spp. and Toxoplasma gondii in Free-Ranging Jaguars (Panthera onca) and Domestic Animals from Brazil. PloS One, 10(11), e0143816. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0143816
Furtado MM, et al. Serosurvey of Smooth Brucella, Leptospira Spp. and Toxoplasma Gondii in Free-Ranging Jaguars (Panthera Onca) and Domestic Animals From Brazil. PLoS One. 2015;10(11):e0143816. PubMed PMID: 26605787.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Serosurvey of Smooth Brucella, Leptospira spp. and Toxoplasma gondii in Free-Ranging Jaguars (Panthera onca) and Domestic Animals from Brazil. AU - Furtado,Mariana Malzoni, AU - Gennari,Solange Maria, AU - Ikuta,Cassia Yumi, AU - Jácomo,Anah Tereza de Almeida, AU - de Morais,Zenaide Maria, AU - Pena,Hilda Fátima de Jesus, AU - Porfírio,Grasiela Edith de Oliveira, AU - Silveira,Leandro, AU - Sollmann,Rahel, AU - de Souza,Gisele Oliveira, AU - Tôrres,Natália Mundim, AU - Ferreira Neto,José Soares, Y1 - 2015/11/25/ PY - 2015/06/19/received PY - 2015/11/10/accepted PY - 2015/11/26/entrez PY - 2015/11/26/pubmed PY - 2016/6/28/medline SP - e0143816 EP - e0143816 JF - PloS one JO - PLoS One VL - 10 IS - 11 N2 - This study investigated the exposure of jaguar populations and domestic animals to smooth Brucella, Leptospira spp. and Toxoplasma gondii in the Cerrado, Pantanal and Amazon biomes of Brazil. Between February 2000 and January 2010, serum samples from 31 jaguars (Panthera onca), 1,245 cattle (Bos taurus), 168 domestic dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) and 29 domestic cats (Felis catus) were collected and analysed by rose bengal test for smooth Brucella, microscopic agglutination test for Leptospira spp. and modified agglutination test for T. gondii. Cattle populations from all sites (9.88%) were exposed to smooth Brucella, but only one jaguar from Cerrado was exposed to this agent. Jaguars captured in the Cerrado (60.0%) and in the Pantanal (45.5%) were seropositive for different serovars of Leptospira spp., cattle (72.18%) and domestic dogs (13.1%) from the three sites and one domestic cat from Pantanal were also seropositive for the agent. The most prevalent serotype of Leptospira spp. identified in jaguars from the Cerrado (Grippotyphosa) and the Pantanal (Pomona) biomes were distinct from those found in the domestic animals sampled. Jaguars (100%), domestic dogs (38.28%) and domestic cats (82.76%) from the three areas were exposed to T. gondii. Our results show that brucellosis and leptospirosis could have been transmitted to jaguars by domestic animals; and jaguars probably play an important role in the maintenance of T. gondii in nature. SN - 1932-6203 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26605787/Serosurvey_of_Smooth_Brucella_Leptospira_spp__and_Toxoplasma_gondii_in_Free_Ranging_Jaguars__Panthera_onca__and_Domestic_Animals_from_Brazil_ L2 - https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0143816 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -